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Publications archive - Annual reports


Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Environment Australia Annual Report 2001-02

Environment Australia, 2002
ISSN 1441-9335

Review of Performance - Outcome Two: Meteorology (continued)
International Meteorological Activities


To meet Australia's international obligations and advance Australia's interests in, and through, international meteorology.


International cooperation continued to play a vital role in the operation of the Bureau, enabling it to draw on, and benefit from, scientific, technological and operational developments and expertise in other countries while contributing, within its own capability, to the effectiveness of the total international effort from which all countries benefit.

The Bureau's international meteorological activities encompass Australia's involvement with the programmes and activities of the World Meteorological Organization and a range of other multilateral and bilateral activities with neighbouring countries in the South-West Pacific and South-East Asia. Australia continued to be particularly active in the World Meteorological Organization's World Weather Watch and continued to accrue substantial benefits, particularly through free and unrestricted access to the meteorological satellite data of Japan, USA, China, the Russian Federation and Europe.

The Bureau implemented improvements to its Global Telecommunications System links with other National Meteorological Services and overseas centres, which resulted in more efficient and effective exchange of data and products and, in particular, improved support and service to other National Meteorological Services in the South-West Pacific. In addition, the Bureau continued to provide routine air transport meteorological services for sites in South-East Asia and to participate in monthly trials of the Environmental Emergency Response System.

The National Meteorological and Oceanographic Centre in Melbourne continued to serve as an important part of the World Weather Watch and the closely linked Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Integrated Global Ocean Services System. This integration comes from its roles as a World Meteorological Centre (one of three), a regional specialised meteorological centre specialising in environmental emergency response, and a specialised oceanographic centre under the Integrated Global Ocean Services System.

The Darwin Regional Forecasting Centre continued to meet its obligations as a regional specialised meteorological centre with geographic specialisation for the tropical area in the surrounding region. Additionally, Melbourne hosts the World Meteorological Organization Regional Association (South-West Pacific) Regional Instrument Centre and, through the Bureau of Meteorology Training Centre, is a World Meteorological Organization Centre of Excellence in Satellite Meteorology Training. The specific international obligations associated with these centres were all fulfilled.

Fifteen Bureau officers held senior World Meteorological Organization positions during the year, including the Director of Meteorology, Dr John Zillman, whose current term of office as President of the World Meteorological Organization extends through to the 14th World Meteorological Congress in May 2003, and the former Deputy Director (Services), Dr Geoff Love, whose Presidency of the Commission for Basic Systems ended when he took up a position in the World Meteorological Organization Secretariat in May 2002.

The Bureau continued to make a substantial contribution to international climate change issues, through senior level participation in forums such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the negotiating bodies of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

The Bureau worked closely with the national meteorological and hydrological services of developing countries in the South Pacific, Asia, the Indian Ocean and Africa in the provision of meteorological training and in bilateral and multilateral support programmes, in collaboration with the Australian Agency for International Development and other organisations, and through contribution to the Voluntary Cooperation Programme of the World Meteorological Organization. These activities were aimed primarily at augmenting the quality of meteorological and related environmental data in these countries; improving the capabilities of the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to undertake research, provide services and monitor climate; improving regional telecommunication links; and enhancing data input into regional and global numerical weather prediction models. These models are run by the National Meteorological and Oceanographic Centre in Melbourne in support of weather services for Australia, and in fulfilment of the centre's role as a World Meteorological Centre.