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Department of the Environment and Heritage annual report 2005-06

Volume one
Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006
ISSN 1441 9335

Managing the department (continued)

Finances

Financial performance

The department performed well against its budget this financial year. Departmental and administered expenses were $906.324 million. This is slightly greater than expected (by $4.847 million or 0.5 per cent).

Outcome 1 recorded a $3.7 million deficit, which was slightly favourable to the budget, primarily due to investments in information technology infrastructure to improve productivity and efficiencies. Outcome 2 recorded a $25.5 million deficit primarily due to the adoption of the new Australian Equivalents to International Financial Reporting Standards and increased operating costs such as fuel and shipping.

The Natural Heritage Trust expended 99.95 per cent of its $312.3 million budget. Other administered programmes were generally in line with budget expectations apart from a $27 million transaction relating to Point Nepean, which under the new accounting standards was treated as a prepayment.

Summary of financial results
  2005

Actuals
$000’s
2006
PSAES(a)
budget
$000’s
2006

Actuals
$000’s
2006

Variance
$000’s
Department of the Environment and Heritage
Departmental Outcome 1 Revenue
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
242 714
(232 012)
10 702
275 814
(280 650)
(4 836)
277 375
(281 114)
(3 739)
1 561
(464)
1 097
Departmental Outcome 2 Revenue
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
90 245
(116 839)
(26 594)
95 556
(95 556)
0
98 623
(124 106)
(25 483)
3 067
(28 550)
(25 483)
Total departmental Revenue
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
332 959
(348 851)
(15 892)
371 370
(376 206)
(4 836)
375 998
(405 220)
(29 222)
4 628
(29 014)
(24 386)
Administered expenses, specific payments to the states and territories and special accounts
Administered expenses
Outcome 1
Revenues
Expenses
10 418
(97 018)
9 392
(177 365)
13 078
(154 672)
3 686
22 693
Administered expenses
Outcome 2
Revenues
Expenses
0
0
0
(320)
0
(320)
0
0
Administered specific payments to the states and territories and special accounts Revenues
Expenses
4 466
(327 968)
3 498
(347 586)
7 948
(346 112)
4 450
1 474
Total administered Revenues
Expenses
14 884
(424 986)
12 890
(525 271)
21 026
(501 104)
8 136
24 167
(a) PSAES = Portfolio Supplementary Additional Estimates Statements

The two comparison tables below explain the main features of the department’s funding in 2005–06. The department’s funding is listed in more detail in the summary resource tables on the following pages.

Comparison of departmental funding with budget
Funding class Revenues Expenses
Departmental
Outcome 1
Increased from 2004–05 by $34.661 million due to the first full year impact of the absorption of the Australian Greenhouse Office and the National Oceans Office ($9.64 million), and the following new measures:
  • Tasmanian Community Forest Agreement ($4.8 million)
  • Kakadu and Uluru–Kata Tjuta National Parks ($1.2 million)
  • Commonwealth Environment Research Facilities ($1.8 million)
  • Regional Marine Planning ($9.4 million)
  • ATSIS(a) funding ($1.5 million)
  • Water wise communities ($0.4 million)
  • National Pollutant Inventory ($1.3 million)
  • Protecting Australia’s Biodiversity Hotspots ($2.47 million)
  • Other minor adjustments to programmes ($2.15 million)
Are favourable to budget by $1.561 million due to additional recoveries from the Natural Heritage Trust
Increased from 2004–05 by $49.102 million due to the first full year impact of the absorption into the department of the Australian Greenhouse Office and the National Oceans Office and new measures as outlined in the adjacent column

Are greater than budget by $0.464 million due to additional Comcare insurance expenses for workers compensation offset by minor timing of programme expenses
Departmental
Outcome 2
Increased from 2004–05 by $8.378 million due to the new measure for the Australia–Antarctica Airlink ($6.820 million) and additional insurance recoveries ($1.558 million)

Are favourable to budget ($3.067 million) due to greater than expected insurance recoveries
Increased from 2004–05 by $7.267 million due to the new measure for the Australia–Antarctica Airlink and the adoption of the AEIFRS(b) as well as higher fuel and shipping costs

Are unfavourable to budget by $28.550 million due to the unbudgeted adjustments relating to AEIFRS and the increases in fuel and shipping costs
(a) ATSIS = Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Services
(b) AEIFRS = Australian Equivalents to International Financial Reporting Standards
Comparison of administered funding with budget
Funding class Revenues Expenses
Administered
Outcome 1
Grant refunds were greater than expected to budget by $2.355 million and greater than expected regulatory fees by $1.331 million Are greater than 2004–05 by $57.654 million due to:
  • Commonwealth Environment Research Facilities ($3.0 million)
  • Natural Heritage Investment Initiative ($2.2 million)
  • Cathedral restorations ($9.0 million)
  • Australian Wildlife Hospital ($2.5 million)
  • HMAS Sydney ($1.3 million)
  • Tasmanian Community Forest Agreement ($2.2 million)
  • ATSIS(a) funding ($3.4 million)
  • Great Barrier Reef Structural Adjustment ($4.0 million)
  • Daintree Conservation Initiative ($2.7 million)
  • Maintaining Australia’s Biodiversity Hotspots ($7.2 million)
  • Regional Natural Heritage Programmes ($3.64 million)
  • Climate Change Programmes ($16.51 million)
Are favourable to budget ($22.693 million) due to the different accounting treatment from actuals to budget. This includes a prepayment for restoration works of $27 million to Pt Nepean Community Trust offset by administrative costs for Tasmanian Community Forests initiatives
Administered
Outcome 2
Not applicable Are greater than 2004–05 by $0.320 million due to the new measure to restore Mawson’s Huts in the Antarctic

No variance
Administered
Specific payment to the states and special accounts
Not applicable Are greater than 2004–05 due to new monies as above but attributable to the states and territories
(a) ATSIS = Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Services

Summary resource tables

Key to column headings in the following tables

2005 Actuals  Actual revenues and expenses for 2004–05 as at 30 June 2005
2006 PSAES Budget The department’s revised budget shown in the 2005–06 Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements plus adjustments through the Portfolio Supplementary Additional Estimates Statements
2006 Actuals  Actual revenues and expenses for 2005–06 as at 30 June 2006
2006 Variance The difference between the revised budget and the actual results for 2005–06, i.e. 2006 Actuals minus 2006 Budget

Overview of Financial Results

Outcome 1 – Departmental resourcing
    2005

Actuals
$000’s
2006
PSAES
Budget
$000’s
2006

Actuals
$000’s
2006

Variance
$000’s
Response to climate change Revenue
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
48 473
(39 875)
8 598
65 029
(65 867)
(838)
64 972
(64 029)
943
(57)
1 838
1 781
Conservation of the land and inland waters Revenue
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
81 026
(76 324)
4 702
95 154
(95 650)
(496)
96 947
(99 143)
(2 196)
1 793
(3 493)
(1 700)
Conservation of the coasts and oceans Revenue
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
32 364
(33 938)
(1 574)
29 225
(29 718)
(493)
29 530
(30 512)
(982)
305
(794)
(489)
Conservation of natural, Indigenous, and historic heritage Revenue
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
24 121
(24 551)
(430)
23 527
(25 110)
(1 583)
23 398
(22 830)
568
(129)
2 280
2 151
Response to the impacts of human settlements Revenue
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
56 730
(57 324)
(594)
62 879
(64 305)
(1 426)
62 529
(64 601)
(2 073)
(351)
(296)
(647)
Total Outcome 1 Revenue
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
242 714
(232 012)
10 702
275 814
(280 650)
(4 836)
277 375
(281 115)
(3 740)
1,561
(465)
1 096
Outcome 2 – Departmental resourcing
    2005

Actuals
$000’s
2006
PSAES
Budget
$000’s
2006

Actuals
$000’s
2006

Variance
$000’s
Antarctic policy Revenues
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
32 487
(42 062)
(9 575)
31 987
(31 987)
0
35 503
(44 676)
(9 173)
3 516
(12 689)
(9 173)
Antarctic science Revenues
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
57 758
(74 777)
(17 019)
63 569
(63 569)
0
63 120
(79 430)
(16 310)
(449)
(15 861)
(16 310)
Total Outcome 2   Revenues
Expenses
Surplus/(Deficit)
90 245
(116 839)
(26 594)
95 556
(95 556)
0
98 623
(124 106)
(25 483)
3 067
(28 550)
(25 483)
Outcome 1 and 2 – Administered
    2006
PSAES
Budget
$000’s
2006

Actuals
$000’s
2006

Variance
$000’s
Outcome 1 – Administered revenues
Maintaining Australia’s Biodiversity Hotspots
Environment Management Charge
Water Efficiency Labelling Scheme
Wildlife protection fees
Miscellaneous revenue
0
7 400
1 992
0
3 498
2 050
7 500
1 295
205
6 595
2 050
100
(697)
205
3 097
  12 890 17 645 4 755
Maintaining Australia’s Biodiversity Hotspots
Tasmanian Community Forest Agreement
Australian Biological Resources Study
Bio Fuels – Ministerial Council on Energy Additional and Australian
   Government Task Force
National Environment Protection Council
Improving Launceston’s Air Quality
Water Efficiency Labelling Scheme
Commonwealth Environment Research Facilities
Churches and Cathedrals
Grants-in-Aid National Trusts
Regional Natural Heritage Programme
Indigenous Heritage Programme
Daintree Conservation Initiative
National Heritage Investment Initiative
Australian Wildlife Hospital
Representative Areas Programme – Structural Adjustment Package
Structural Adjustment Package – Enhancement
Structural Adjustment Package – Business Restructuring Assistance
Australian Government’s Community Water Grants
Renewable Energy Equity Fund
Alternative Fuels Conversion Programme
Photovoltaic Rebate Programme
Renewable Energy Commercialisation Programme
Renewable Remote Power Generation Programme
Renewable Energy Equity Fund – writedown of receivable
Greenhouse Gas Abatement Programme
Action on energy efficiency
Local greenhouse action
Greenhouse action to enhance sustainability in regional Australia
Low emissions technology and abatement
Influencing international climate change policy
Climate change science programme
Solar Cities
Point Nepean Community Trust
(4 124)
0
(1 869)

(355)
(429)
(200)
(582)
(2 885)
(10 500)
(842)
(4 358)
(3 256)
(2 650)
(2 200)
(2 500)
(157)
(4 000)
(28 460)
(46 210)
(1 338)
(862)
(357)
(1 954)
(2 103)
0
(13 339)
(800)
(400)
(3 400)
(2 235)
(1 450)
(6 000)
(550)
(27 000)
(1 919)
(5 500)
(1 865)

(356)
(429)
(200)
(245)
(2 815)
(10 500)
(842)
(4 260)
(3 261)
(2 650)
(2 200)
(2 500)
(157)
(4 000)
(28 460)
(46 149)
(1 338)
(223)
(357)
(1 694)
(2 103)
(2 840)
(13 318)
(800)
(404)
(3 400)
(1 950)
(1 390)
(6 000)
(550)
0
2 205
(5 500)
4

1
0
0
337
70
0
0
98
(5)
0
0
0
0
0
0
61
0
639
0
260
0
(2 840)
21
0
(4)
0
285
60
0
0
27 000
Outcome 1 – Total administered expenses (177 365) (154 675) 22 690
Outcome 2 – Administered expenses
Mawson’s Huts Foundation expedition (320) (320) 0
Outcome 2 – Total administered expenses (320) (320) 0
Outcome 1 – Administered specific payments to the states and territories
Development of Sewerage Schemes for Boat Harbour and Sisters Beach Tasmania
Renewable Remote Power Generation Programme
Photovoltaic Rebate Programme
Strengthening Tasmania - Tamar River Pylons
Strengthening Tasmania - Low Head Precinct
(108)
(26 655)
(5 000)
(1 000)
(150)
(108)
(26 643)
(4 265)
(1 000)
(150)
0
12
736
0
0
Outcome 1 – Total administered specific payments to the states and territories (32 913) (32 166) 748
Outcome 1 – Administered special accounts
Natural Heritage Trust
Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Account
Natural Cultural Heritage Account
(312 391)
(1 600)
(682)
(312 170)
(1 294)
(479)
221
306
203
Outcome 1 – Total administered special accounts (314 673) (313 943) 730
Outcome 1 – Total administered specific payments to the states and territories, and special accounts (347 586) (346 109) 1 478

Financial position

Assets

The written down value of assets administered directly by the department in 2005−06 amounted to $493.405 million. This was an increase from the previous year of $36.579 million. The increase was due to the revaluation of assets and make-good costs ($64.752 million), offset by a reduction in cash reserves due to a formal reduction in net appropriation ($24.809 million) and inventory adjustments stemming from an accounting policy change ($3.364 million).

Liabilities

Liabilities administered directly by the department in 2005–06 amounted to $257.189 million. This was a decrease from the previous year of $10.638 million. The decrease was due to a decrease in grant and supplier payables.

Total equity

The department concluded the year with total equity of $236.216 million, an increase from the equity of $188.999 million in 2004–05.

Total equity
Measurement 2004–05
$ million
2005−06
$ million
Assets 456.826 493.405
Liabilities 267.827 257.189
Total equity 188.999 236.216

Major adjustments to the 2005–06 financial year and the 2004–05 comparative year figures were made in this year’s accounts due to the adoption of the new Australian Equivalents to International Financial Reporting Standards, accounting policy changes, asset revaluations and some other adjustments required under the accounting standards. The following table summarises the adjustments to equity.

Adjustments to equity
Adjustments to equity 2004–05
$ million
2005−06
$ million
Equity opening balances 294.754 188.999
Retrospective adjustment of take-up of make-good costs (152.794) 0
Adjustments required under the accounting standards (7.292) 2.019
Accounting policy changes 0 (3.731)
Revaluations of assets 8.519 98.811
Restructuring 43.938 0
Capital injection – Antarctic Airlink 0 4.805
Reversal of receivable due to net appropriation reduction 0 (25.464)
Net operating result 1.874 (29.223)
Equity closing  balances 188.999 236.216

Resolution of previous audit findings

Work in 2005–06 focused on resolving the issues raised in the Audit Report No. 21 2004–05 Audit of Financial Statements of Australian Government Entities for the Period Ended 30 June 2005.

The Australian National Audit Office identified eight moderate issues and one legislative breach in the interim phase of the 2005–06 audit relating to deficiencies in the financial statement preparation process, the reconciliation of leave balances, the reconciliation of financial records, the reconciliation of special accounts and access management. All issues were satisfactorily resolved in 2005–06.

For each issue a detailed project plan was prepared, which was monitored at senior levels. Further investment in resources was made to progress a number of complex accounting treatments surrounding assets and their make-good costs particularly in the Antarctic. As well as this, a large number of unresolved issues going back over a number of years are now satisfactorily completed. A number of assurance processes have been implemented and internal controls strengthened. Challenges remain with the issue of attracting and retaining appropriately qualified and experienced accounting personnel.

Assets management

The department’s assets are located throughout Australia. The largest material component of assets is attached to the Australian Antarctic Division. Assets are ageing and are perpetually putting pressure on funding streams for their upkeep and replacement. The replacement of assets is of particular concern due to the large unfunded component.

The Australian Accounting Standards Board has issued replacement Australian Accounting Standards to apply from 2005–06. The new standards are the Australian Equivalents to International Financial Reporting Standards. Under the new standard, a requirement sees, for the first time, a ‘make-good’ provision for departmental assets, obliging the department to remove and restore assets to the amount of approximately $156 million.

Work is under way to implement a capital infrastructure plan which will outline the requirements of capital replacement and maintenance over the next 10 years. The plan is expected to be implemented progressively across the department in 2006–07.

Purchasing and procurement

The department’s purchasing and procurement activities were conducted in accordance with the core principle of the Commonwealth Procurement Guidelines. This principle is value for money. The principle is underpinned by encouraging competition (including non-discrimination), efficiency, effectiveness, the ethical use of resources, accountability and transparency.

Procurement Review Board

The Procurement Review Board is a committee within the department responsible for overseeing procurement. The Procurement Review Board ensures that all aspects of the Commonwealth Procurement Guidelines and the department’s procurement requirements are adequately met.

All purchases valued over $80 000 are subject to review by the Procurement Review Board. Delegates also refer any purchases below this threshold that are considered to be particularly complex or controversial to the Procurement Review Board.

During the year the department’s Procurement Review Board examined 127 submissions for contracts over $80 000.

The department’s procurement framework places responsibility for procurement with the appropriate financial delegates. To support these delegates the department provides awareness training; maintains relevant documentation; provides central advice on risk management, probity, specification and writing; and maintains standard tender and contract templates.

The department’s procurement policies are available on its website (www.deh.gov.au/business). The department implements the Commonwealth Procurement Guidelines through its Chief Executive’s Instructions. These instructions are supported by the department’s procurement guidelines and procedures. During the year the department reviewed its procurement guidelines and released amended guidelines to reflect updates provided by the Department of Finance and Administration and to ensure better practice such as the issuing of tender documentation via the AusTender website.

The department advertises tender opportunities through the AusTender website. In December 2005, the department implemented the dissemination of tender documentation and issued amendments or addenda via the AusTender website.

Procurement benchmarks

The department’s procurement benchmarks were changed from 1 July 2005 to align with the reporting requirements and the Commonwealth Procurement Guidelines. During 2005–06 the procurement benchmarks were as follows.

Procurement benchmarks
Benchmark Procurement method
Up to $1 999 Quotes are not required (but may be advisable if it is believed there is a possible material disparity between suppliers)
$2 000–$9 999 Obtain at least three competitive verbal quotes
$10 000–$79 999 Obtain at least three competitive written quotes. However, depending on the value, complexity and risk of the proposed project, consideration should be given to open or select tenders
$80 000+ Covered procurement (or open competition), subject to the Commonwealth Procurement Procedures, unless specifically exempt

Reporting

The department met the requirement to report to the Department of Finance and Administration on projects requiring Regulation 10 authorisation.

The department met the requirement to report on the Senate Order on Government Agency contracts for the financial year and the calendar year. All contracts over $100 000 are listed at www.deh.gov.au/about/contracts.

Small and medium enterprises

The department is committed to the Australian Government’s policy of supporting small and medium enterprises, as was demonstrated by the department’s 15.8 per cent usage of the smaller airlines in 2005–06. The department’s Australian Antarctic Division has working relationships with small and medium enterprises and notifies them of business opportunities in Tasmania.

Consultancy services2

As with its policy on general purchasing activities, the department’s policy on the selection and engagement of consultants is based on the principles contained in the Commonwealth Procurement Guidelines, Financial Management Guidance No. 12–Guidance on Identifying Consultancies for Annual Reporting Purposes, Requirements for Annual Reports, the department’s Chief Executive’s Instructions and the department’s procurement guidelines.

Selection methods are outlined in the department’s procurement guidelines, in line with the department’s procurement benchmarks.

The department’s internal audit team conducts periodic probity reviews to help ensure compliance with the general probity principles of the Commonwealth Procurement Guidelines and the Chief Executive’s Instructions.

Expenditure on consultancies during 2005–06

During 2005–06, 329 new consultancy contracts were entered into involving total actual expenditure of $12.334 million. In addition 289 ongoing consultancy contracts were active during the year, involving total actual expenditure of $40.032 million.

List of all consultancy contracts let to the value of $10 000 or more (inclusive of GST)

The list of consultancy contracts let to the value of $10 000 or more is available as a PDF file.

If you cannot access this list, please contact us to organise a suitable alternative format.

Competitive tendering and contracting3

During 2005–06 the department continued to source its internal audit and information technology support service delivery from external providers.

Exempt contracts

During 2005–06 there were no standing offers or contracts in excess of $10 000 (inclusive of GST) exempted by the chief executive from being published in the Purchasing and Disposal Gazette under the Freedom of Information Act 1982.

Advertising and market research

This section is presented in accordance with the requirements of section 311A of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918.

Advertising and market research
Type of expense 2005–06 expenses
Market research
Open Mind Research Group
Elliott and Shanahan
Sub-total—market research
$142 196
$116 092
$258 288
Advertising
Creative
Zoo
Media buy
Universal McCann
HMA Blaze
Sub-total—advertising

  $91 287

$3 248 822
$2 678 334
$6 018 443
Direct mail
Complete Mail and Warehousing
KWP Pty Ltd
Cultural Partners
Cox Inall
Sub-total—direct mail
$91 978
$58 685
$129 208
$98 351
$378 202
Total $6 654 933

Legal expenditure

This is a statement of legal services expenditure by the department for 2005–06, published in compliance with paragraph 11.1 (ba) of the Legal Services
Directions 2005
.

Legal expenditure
Legal expenditure GST-exclusive
Department’s total legal services expenditure $2 940 534
Agency’s total external legal services expenditure $2 380 618
External expenditure on solicitors
External expenditure on counsel
      Number of male counsel briefed
      Value of briefs to male counsel
      Number of female counsel briefed
      Value of briefs to female counsel
Other disbursements on external legal services
$1 943 042
$245 965
11
$223  943
1
$22 022
$191 611
Department’s total internal legal services expenditure $559 916
 Salaries
 Other (includes travel, training and legal resources)
$519 690
$40 225
Explanatory note: The salary component of the department’s internal legal services expenditure includes salaries, superannuation and other staff allowances.

Discretionary grant programmes

The department administers a range of discretionary grant programmes. Discretionary grants are payments made to particular applicants, either organisations or individuals, at the discretion of the portfolio minister or the paying agency. Conditions may or may not be imposed in return for the grant. Discretionary grants may be single ad hoc payments, or grants renewed under continuing programmes.

Programmes for which grants were approved in 2005–06 are listed below. A list of grant recipients is available on request from the department.

Climate change

Action on Energy Efficiency: Assists industry, business, the community and governments to increase the uptake of cost effective energy efficiency opportunities that will reduce greenhouse emissions, reduce energy demand, and improve Australia’s competitiveness.

Alternative Fuels Conversion Programme: Assists fleet operators of heavy commercial vehicles and buses to convert from diesel and petrol motors to gaseous fuels, including natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and hydrogen.

Australian Greenhouse Science Programme: Aims to better understand climate systems and the factors which influence them, the role of human activity in bringing about changes to climate, and how climate changes may affect natural and managed environments.

Greenhouse Action to Enhance Sustainability in Regional Australia: Addresses challenges and knowledge gaps about climate change in regional Australia (agriculture, forestry and natural resource management sectors).

Influencing International Climate Change Policy: Provides specialist advice on international climate change arrangements and on building the capacity of key developing countries to take effective climate change action through bilateral partnerships.

Low Emissions Technology and Abatement: Supports cost effective greenhouse gas emissions abatement opportunities and the uptake of small-scale low emission technologies in business, industry and local communities.

National Climate Change Adaptation Programme: Provides national leadership and coordination on assessment of climate change impacts, and enables risks to be managed and opportunities to be captured through effective adaptation.

Solar Cities: Provides funding to demonstrate the costs and benefits of integrating solar power, smart electricity technologies, energy efficiency and pricing mechanisms in urban settings.

Greenhouse Gas Abatement Programme: Provides funding for mainly large-scale projects that use low emissions technologies and practices to deliver emissions reductions from 2008–2012.

Wind Energy Forecasting Capability Initiative: Supports a wind energy forecasting system to assist electricity network management and increase the value of wind energy in the electricity market.

Local Greenhouse Action: Assists local government, communities and individual households to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, particularly in the areas of energy use, transport and waste.

Land and inland waters

Australian Government’s Community Water Grants Programme: Supports communities, organisations, local governments, schools, businesses and natural resource management regional bodies to develop on-ground water savings and water quality improvement projects.

Bushcare: Invests in activities that contribute to conserving and restoring habitat for Australia’s unique native flora and fauna. Part of the Natural Heritage Trust.

National Competitive Component: Funds innovative national projects that will most effectively improve regional natural resource management delivery. Part of the Natural Heritage Trust.

Rivercare: Invests in activities that contribute to improved water quality and environmental condition in Australia’s river systems and wetlands. Part of the Natural Heritage Trust.

Landcare: Invests in activities that contribute to reversing land degradation and promoting sustainable agriculture. Part of the Natural Heritage Trust.

Envirofund: Provides grants to communities for on-ground activities targeting local government problems, including improving water quality, protecting native vegetation, and combating salinity and coastal erosion. Part of the Natural Heritage Trust.

Australian Biological Resources Study Participatory Programme: Supports the documentation of Australia’s biological diversity and facilitates training to increase the national taxonomic effort.

National Reserve System Programme: Assists with the establishment and maintenance of a comprehensively adequate and representative system of terrestrial protected areas in Australia. Part of the Natural Heritage Trust.

Tri-National Wetlands Programme: Protects the environment of Australia through international leadership and cooperation.

Coasts and oceans

Facilitation of Community Involvement in Marine Issues and Decision-making: Enhances community involvement in marine issues and decision-making by raising community awareness, building the capacity of stakeholder groups and facilitating communication. Part of the Natural Heritage Trust.

Introduced Marine Pests Programme: Supports actions that lead to the control and local eradication of introduced marine pests. Part of the Natural Heritage Trust.

Marine Protected Areas: Facilitates the establishment of the National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas and the management of existing reserves. Part of the Natural Heritage Trust.

Coasts and Clean Seas—Oceans Protection: Provides financial assistance for specific domestic and international activities that contribute to the prevention and clean-up of pollution from shipping.

Coastal Catchments Initiative: Maintains ecologically sustainable pollutant loads consistent with agreed environmental values for coastal waters.

Coastcare: Invests in activities that contribute to protecting Australia’s coastal catchments, ecosystems and the marine environment. Part of the Natural
Heritage Trust.

Natural, Indigenous and historic heritage

Commemorating Historic Events and Famous Persons: Provides funding to projects for the maintenance of graves of former Australian prime ministers and governors-general buried in Australia and projects commemorating people, events and places of national historical significance.

Historic Shipwrecks Programme: Assist Australian Government, state and territory government agencies and the Institute of Marine Archaeology to protect and preserve historic shipwrecks and associated relics and educate the public about this cultural resource.

Indigenous Heritage Programme: Supports projects that identify, conserve and promote the Indigenous heritage values of places. The programme may also help identify places likely to have outstanding Indigenous heritage value to Australia suitable for inclusion on the National Heritage List.

Regional Natural Heritage Programme: Provides grants to non-government organisations and other relevant agencies to protect outstanding biodiversity in hotspot areas of South-East Asia and the Pacific. The programme is over four years (2003–04 to 2006–07).

Sharing Australia’s Stories: Supports creative projects that contribute to an understanding of the great events and themes that have shaped Australia.
National Heritage Investment Initiative: Provides assistance to restore and conserve Australia’s most important historic heritage places. Priority is given to places included in the National Heritage List.

Cultural Heritage Projects Programme: Supports projects that conserve places of cultural significance or identify Indigenous places for conservation planning and listing. This programme has finished.

Grants to Historic Churches and Cathedrals: Not a programme, although the department administers ad hoc grants to assist with the conservation and restoration of historic churches and cathedrals.

Indigenous Protected Areas: Supports Indigenous landowners to establish and manage Indigenous Protected Areas.

Human settlements

Assessments and Legislation Programme: Protects matters of national environmental significance through the assessment regime of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and promotes and facilitates community awareness and understanding of the Act.

Commonwealth Environment Research Facilities: Supports world class, public good research on the significant environmental challenges facing Australia.

Diesel National Environment Protection Measure: Supports the development and implementation of in-service emissions testing capabilities for diesel and petrol vehicles.

Environment Protection and Ad Hoc Grants Programme: Protects the environment of Australia through national leadership and cooperation.
Launceston Clean Air Industry Programme: Makes co-contributions towards the reduction of industrial wood smoke by improvements to, or replacement of, existing plant and equipment.

Used Oil Recycling—Transitional Assistance: Provides grants for strategic initiatives to increase used oil recycling and ensure a sustainable oil recycling industry. Part of the Product Stewardship for Oil Programme.

Sustainable Cities—Urban Environment Initiatives: Provides funding for a range of urban environment initiatives to address water quality, public information promotion, improved air quality and renewable energy, chemicals and waste management.

Cross-cutting activities

Environment International Obligations: Protects the environment of Australia through national leadership and contributing to international programmes.

Eureka Environmental Journalism Award: Encourages excellence in environmental journalism.

Grants to Voluntary Environment and Heritage Organisations: Provides administrative funds to help community based environment and heritage organisations to involve the community in the conservation and protection of Australia’s natural environment and cultural heritage.

Public Affairs and Environmental Education: Raises the profile of environmental challenges and solutions through activities and awards that promote best practice and leadership. Part of the National Action Plan for Environmental Education.

Environmental Education Grants Programme: Supports strategic environmental education activities that are national in focus or that have the potential to act as a catalyst for national change.

Antarctica

Australian Antarctic Science Grants Programme: Provides grants for high quality scientific research relevant to the government’s Antarctic programme.


Footnotes
2 The definition of ‘consultant’ used by the department is the definition in the Requirements for Annual Reports published on the website of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet at www.dpmc.gov.au/guidelines/index.cfm.
3 For the purposes of departmental annual reports ‘competitive tendering and contracting’ means the process of contracting out the delivery of government activities that were previously performed by the department to another organisation.

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