Department of the Environment

About us | Contact us | Publications

About us header images - leftAbout us header images - centreAbout us header images - right

Publications archive - Budget statements

Disclaimer

Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2003-2004

Environment and Heritage Portfolio
Explanation of Additional Estimates 2003-2004
Commonwealth of Australia 2004
ISSN 1448-9058

Part C - Agency Additional Estimates Statements (continued)
Department of the Environment and Heritage (continued)

Section 2 - Revisions to Outcomes and Outputs

Outcome 1

The environment, especially those aspects that are matters of national environmental significance, is protected and conserved.

Output Cost Attribution

Direct costs incurred by the Department of the Environment and Heritage (salaries, suppliers and grants etc) are coded directly to appropriate cost centres within the agency's Financial Management Information System. The individual cost centres are subsequently attributed to agency outputs based upon established, and regularly reviewed, parameters which match the activities of the individual agency cost centre to the relevant outputs.

The Department's overheads and activities that cut across all outputs, such as State of the Environment Reporting, are attributed to outputs in accordance with the most appropriate and sound basis of allocation that can be consistently and logically applied. For the Australian Antarctic Division the basis is Antarctic activity and average staffing level. For the remainder of the Department the basis is average staffing level.

Explanation of Variations
Variations to Departmental outputs

The departmental outputs appropriation has been increased through Appropriation Bill (No.3) 2003-04 by $4.940m as represented by the following:

Wildlife Protection Import and Export Fees
In 2002-03 funds relating to the wildlife protection import and export fees were collected and paid into the Official Public Account. The one-off outputs appropriation increase in 2003-04 of $0.258m retrospectively reimburses the Department for the fees collected in 2002-03.

Regional Natural Heritage Programme (Measure)
The Government will provide funding of $10.0 million over three years commencing in 2003-04, for the establishment of a Regional Natural Heritage Programme. This programme will enable Australia to play a broader international role in the protection of biodiversity in critically endangered places in South-East Asia and the Pacific region. The departmental outputs appropriation has been increased by $0.228m in 2003-2004, $272m in 2004-05 and $0.308m in 2005-06. The balance of the Measure funds ($9.192m) will be provided to the Department through the administered expenses Appropriation Bill (No. 3) 2003-04.

Comcover Supplementation
The departmental outputs appropriation has been increased by $0.047m representing supplementation for 2003-2004 Comcover premium rates relating to the Director of National Parks ($0.044) and the Australian Heritage Commission ($0.003m).

Unexpensed balance of AHC appropriation
The departmental outputs appropriation has been increased by $3.481m representing the estimated balance of unexpended departmental outputs appropriation from the AHC at the date of proclamation of the new Australian Heritage Council (1 January 2004).

Cultural Heritage Projects Programme (CHPP)
The departmental outputs appropriation has been increased by $0.391m representing the transfer of unexpended administered funds from the Conservation of Rural and Regional Historic Hotels 2002 03 grant programme to be reallocated to the departmental CHPP.

Budget Estimates and Framework Review Supplementation
The departmental outputs appropriation has been increased by $0.535m for additional resources to implement the Budget Estimates and Framework Review Recommendations.

The Department will also receive a departmental equity injection through Appropriation Bill (No.4) 2003-04 of $2.109m representing previous years' outputs appropriations from the AHC for the period 1 January 2004 to 30 June 2004.

Adjustments to Annotated Appropriation
Revenue from Independent Sources has increased by $4.274m as follows:

Speakers Fees
The 2003-04 budget revenue estimate of $0.007m has been reduced by $0.005m to $0.002m in line with latest forecasts.

Biofuels Market Barriers Study
At the 2002-03 Budget the Government committed to undertaking a study of the market barriers to the increased production of biofuels. The Department has undertaken the study with funding contributions of up to $5.0m from the Australian Greenhouse Office through the Greenhouse Gas Abatement Programme. The 2003-04 Budget revenue estimate of $1.920m has increased by $0.449m to $2.369m for the recovery of costs relating to the ethanol vehicle testing component of the Biofuels Market Barriers Study.

Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA)
The 2003-04 Budget revenue estimate of $1.061m has increased by $0.239m to $1.300m for the recovery of costs from APVMA for chemicals assessment activities.

National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS)
The 2003-04 Budget revenue estimate of $0.489m has reduced by $0.028m to $0.461m to reflect the expected recovery of costs from NICNAS for chemicals assessment activities.

National Halon Bank – Deposit Fees from Commercial Entities and Revenue including Domestic Sales
The 2003-04 Budget revenue estimate of $0.150m has increased by $0.418m to $0.568m to take account of anticipated sales of Halon. The revised estimate also includes the steady downturn of halon deposits that attract fees and a downturn in revenue from subletting storage space and scrap metal associated with the winding up of the collection program.

National Halon Bank – Services to the US Department of Defence The 2003-04 Budget revenue estimate of $0.315m has increased by $0.067m to $0.382m to take in account of anticipated revenue from a renewed storage agreement with the US Department of Defence.

Sale of Crocodile Tags
The 2003-04 Budget revenue estimate of $0.012m has increased by $0.003m to $0.015m to take account of anticipated revenue for the sale of crocodile tags to State and Territory agencies.

Sea Dumping Fees
The 2003-04 Budget revenue estimate of $0.050m has been increased by $0.075m to $0.125m to account for an anticipated increase in the number of inquiries and applications for sea dumping permits under the Sea Dumping legislation.

Green Parrot Database
The Green Parrot Database is maintained by the Department to assist in the identification of wildlife specimens to determine whether they are subject to EPBC Act controls. The Australian Customs Service jointly access the database and reimburse the Department 50% of the annual licence fee paid. The increase of $0.005m represents revenue anticipated from the Australian Customs Service reimbursement of annual licence fees.

Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species Legislation for Papua New Guinea (CITES)
Revenue of $0.055m will be provided by AusAID to draft CITES implementing legislation for Papua New Guinea. The Department will contract a legislative drafter to draft the legislation and advise on the legislative process in Papua New Guinea. The funds also provide for visits to Papua New Guinea by departmental officers and the legislative drafter.

AusAID's Australia-Indonesia Government Linkages Programme
Revenue of $0.227m will be provided by AusAID under the Australia-Indonesia Government Linkages Programme for implementation of the project "Enhancement of Local Government Planning and Management Capacity at Lorentz National Park Natural World Heritage Property, Papua, Indonesia". Project funding was received from AusAID on 21 March 2002. The project timeframe has been extended to 30 June 2004.

Environmental Resources Information Network – Recoveries
The increase in revenue of $0.555m relates to recovery of costs from the National Land and Water Audit for the provision of technical advice and database management for the Audit ATLAS database and the National Vegetation Information System.

Memorandum of Understanding – Australian Greenhouse Office (AGO)
The Department has a cross agency arrangement with the AGO whereby the Department provides (under a Memorandum of Understanding) transactional corporate services to the AGO on a fee for service basis. An additional $0.100m will be provided to the Department in 2003-04.

Administration of the Natural Heritage Trust
Additional net revenue of $1.884m from the Natural Heritage Trust will be provided to cover new administrative responsibilities associated with the bringing into the Department the administrative responsibilities of the Envirofund grants programme which were previously carried out external to the Department, and the establishment of a new Finance Management Unit for the Trust.

Environmental Research Institute of the Supervising Scientist
The increase in revenue of $0.230m relates to an anticipated increase in commercial research activities in 2003-04.

Variations to Administered Grant Programmes and Movement of Annual Administered Appropriations

The Administered appropriation has been increased through Appropriation Bill (No.3) 2003-04 by $1.381m represented by the following administered items:

Revised Performance Information and Level of Achievement for 2003-04

The performance information that the Department of the Environment and Heritage will use to assess the level of its achievement against the additional funding is shown below.

Table 2.1.1 - Performance Information for Outputs Affected by Additional Estimates Outcome 1
Output 1.1 – Atmosphere
Fuel and Air Quality Standards and Ozone Protection Quality Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on fuel and air quality standards and ozone protection.

Quantity Number of projects approved under the Diesel National Environment Protection Measure.

Number of enforcement actions completed and fuel samples completed per annum under the National Fuel Quality Standards ACT 2000.

Number of fuel samples tested per annum under the Act.

Percentage of Environment Australia's written pre-meeting objectives at Montreal Protocol international meetings achieved.

Percentage of requests for supply of Halon for essential use met within the customer's requested timeframes.

Price - Budget  

Price - Revised   
$16.386m

$17.514m

 

Output 1.2 – Biodiversity
Biodiversity Quality Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on biodiversity matters.

Extent to which new information and studies oriented to biodiversity content are instigated, commissioned and communicated.

Extent that biodiversity conservation objectives and requirements are included in the Natural Heritage Trust projects, Commonwealth Natural Resource Management (NRM) policies and Commonwealth/State Agreements/Arrangements.

Extent to which international agreements and national strategies are implemented through domestic programmes.

Extent to which conservation and recovery activities funded, contribute to the recovery of listed threatened species and communities.

Extent to which Australia's strategic objectives are achieved at international fora.

Information about biodiversity strategies and conventions is readily accessible to the Australian community.

Extent to which bilateral and regional agreements for the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality include targets and standards for biodiversity and natural resource management.

Behavioural change in communities and uptake of native vegetation management best practice.

Quantity Number of covenants and management agreements in place protecting remnant vegetation as a result of Natural Heritage Division programmes.

Range and scope of education and information products relating to biodiversity.

Native vegetation management and restoration training activities undertaken under Natural Heritage Division programmes:

  • number held
  • number of participants.
Price - Budget   

Price - Revised   
$18.713m

$20.754m

Wildlife Protection and Trade Quality Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on wildlife protection and trade.

Extent to which international agreements and national strategies related to wildlife are implemented through domestic programmes.

Extent to which Australia's strategic wildlife objectives are achieved at international Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) meetings.

The information about species and wildlife legislation, strategies and conventions, that is readily accessible to the Australian community.

Quantity Number of species and ecological communities considered for listing or change of status by the Threatened Species Scientific Committee.

Number and types of education and information products relating to wildlife protection and conservation.

Level of usage by clients and stakeholders of information provided on the Wildlife website.

Number of wildlife trade permits granted and refused under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act.

 
Price – Budget   

Price – Revised   
$9.810m

$10.298m
Total Price Output 1.2 - Budget   

Total Price Output 1.2 - Revised   
$28.523m

$31.052m

 

Output 1.3 – Coasts and Oceans
Conservation and sustainable use of coasts, oceans, estuaries and coastal wetlands Quality Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on the conservation and sustainable use of coasts and oceans.

Extent to which significant marine and estuarine ecosystems are protected and restored.

Extent to the habitat of threatened marine species, ecological communities and migratory birds is protected and restored.

Extent to which fisheries assessed under the EPBC Act move towards ecologically sustainable fisheries management practices.

Extent to which the introduction and spread of introduced marine pests are prevented or controlled.

Extent to which Environment Australia (EA) supports effective global and regional protection for biodiversity.

Extent to which EA supports international efforts for the conservation and sustainable development of the oceans.

Extent to which the protection of coastal wetlands and migratory waterbirds is enhanced in Australia.

Extent to which the objectives of the Migratory Waterbird Conservation Strategy are achieved.

Quantity The number of Commonwealth marine protected areas and conservation zones, and the proportion of those for which management plans are in place or being developed.

Number of coastal water quality protection plans prepared and/or implemented.

The proportion of listed species, communities and threatening processes for which plans and/or projects have been developed.

Numbers of fisheries management plans and arrangements assessed under the EPBC Act.

Number of control plans developed for established introduced marine pests.

Number of EPBC referral, assessment and permit actions completed.

Number of sea dumping permits completed.

Price – Budget   

Price - Revised   
$11.715m

$11.904m

 

Output 1.4 – Environmental Assessment and Approvals
Managing the Environment Protection Process Under the EPBC Act and Other Relevant Environmental Legislation Quality Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister under the EPBC Act.

Quantity Percentage of statutory timeframes met. Number of referrals under the EPBC Act. Number of decisions made on referrals, assessment approaches and approvals under the EPBC Act. Number of recommendations made in relation to environmental assessments under other relevant legislation.

Price - Budget   

Price - Revised   
$7.923m

$7.958m

Understanding of the EPBC Act within industry, non-Government organisations and the community Quality The provision of useful and timely information that increases stakeholder and public awareness about environmental assessment and approval requirements, resulting in more effective application and administration of the EPBC Act.

Quantity Number of training sessions and presentations conducted for external clients and stakeholders.

Level of usage by external clients and stakeholders of information prepared by the Department, including the EPBC Act homepage.

Price - Budget   
Price - Revised   
$3.023m
$3.054m

Total Price Output 1.4 – Budget   

Total Price Output 1.4 - Revised   

$10.946m

$11.012m

 

Output 1.5 – Heritage
Administer legislation protecting Australia's heritage Quality Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister for the:

  • Heritage component of the EPBC Act;
  • World Heritage Convention;
  • Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976;
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984; and
  • Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986.
Quantity Number of referrals received and amount of advice provided.

Promote community involvement with Australian heritage Quality Degree to which target audiences are reached and engaged.

Quantity Degree of public participation including nominations of places, changes in public attitude, and regional economic benefits from increased heritage tourism.

Identify and manage Australia's heritage Quality Degree to which the Australian Heritage Council and Minister are satisfied with the accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of assessments of heritage significance.

Degree to which management plans improve the condition of properties.

All heritage assistance projects (including Natural Heritage Trust grants) are assessed, managed and evaluated in accordance with Australian National Audit Office better practice guidelines, including appropriate monitoring of risk.

Quantity Number of properties assessed and management plans developed.

Price - Budget   

Price - Revised   
$9.731m

$14.191m

 

Output 1.6 – Industry
Sustainable Industry Quality Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on improving the environmental performance of Australian industry.

Quantity Statutory timeframes relating to the management of hazardous wastes are met.

Emissions data (collected by states and territories from industrial facilities and submitted to the Commonwealth) under the National Pollutant Inventory National Environment Protection Measure (NEPM) is posted on the website by 31 January each year.

Percentage of projects under National Dioxins Programme meeting key milestones.

Percentage of advices to Government and regulators on applications to release genetically modified organisms into the environment that met the statutory timeframes under the Gene Technology Act 2000.

Percentage of risk assessments for National Registration Authority and National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme that meet the statutory timeframe.

Number of businesses covered by Industry/Government environmental agreements.

Percentage of total waste oil recycled nationally.

Price - Budget   

Price - Revised   
$21.147m

$21.500m

Supervision and Research on the Environmental Impact of Uranium Mining in the Alligator Rivers Region

Quality

Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on the environmental impact of uranium mining in the Alligator Rivers Region.

Extent to which environmental research on the effects of uranium mining provides the Supervising Scientist with the information required to undertake his role.

Extent to which the Commonwealth Environmental Requirements are met.

Extent to which routine minesite inspections and environmental audits are completed consistent with the requirements of the ISO14000 series of standards and are supported by an environmental monitoring programme.


Quantity

Extent to which local standards for water quality and radiation levels are met.

Number of reports including peer reviewed articles and presentations on standards, practices and procedures developed to protect the environment and people from the effects of uranium mining.

Number of reports including peer reviewed articles and presentations on measures developed for the rehabilitation of the environment following uranium mining activities.


Price - Budget

Price - Revised

$8.024m

$8.298m

Total Price Output 1.6 - Budget    

Total Price Output 1.6 - Revised   

$29.171m

$29.798m

 

Output 1.7 – Inland Waters

Conservation and sustainable use of inland waters including rivers, groundwater and wetlands

  Quality

Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on the conservation and sustainable use of inland waters.

Extent to which significant freshwater ecosystems are protected and restored.

Extent to which the condition of freshwater resources is improved.

Extent to which the protection of inland wetlands is enhanced in Australia.

Extent to which Environment Australia supports international efforts for the conservation and sustainable development of inland waters.


Quantity

Number of projects to protect and restore significant freshwater ecosystems are implemented or being developed.

Number of EPBC referral, assessment and permit actions completed.


Price - Budget

Price - Revised

$5.763m

$5.815m


Wetland Ecology and Conservation

 

  Quality

Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on wetland ecology and conservation.

Extent to which threats to tropical wetlands are identified and assessed.

Extent to which the Environmental Research Institute of the Supervising Scientist (ERISS) contributes to requirements of international agreements and national policies on the wise use of wetlands and methods of assessment.

Extent to which managers and users of tropical wetlands are provided with information and expertise to enable the wise use of wetlands through sustainable practices.


Quantity

Number of reports, including peer reviewed articles and presentations, on techniques developed for mapping wetlands distribution and monitoring change (including that caused by climate change and sea level rise).


Price - Budget

Price - Revised

$0.646m

$0.677m


Total Price Output 1.7 - Budget    

Total Price Output 1.7 - Revised   

$6.409m

$6.492m

 

Output 1.8 – Land Management
 

Quality

Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on sustainable land management.

New national strategies and projects developed and implemented.

Extent to which bilateral and regional agreements reflect the objectives of the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality.

The number of jurisdictions which have in place institutional and legal regimes to prohibit land clearing in areas which would lead to unacceptable land and water degradation, in accordance with and within the required timetable under the Intergovernmental Agreement for the National Action Plan.


Quantity

Number of National Action Plan bilateral and regional agreements signed.

Number of accredited Regional plans in place under the National Action Plan.

Number of capacity building initiatives for natural resource management under the National Action Plan, and feedback on their effectiveness.


Price - Budget   

Price - Revised   

$3.246m

$3.263m

 

Output 1.9 – Parks and Reserves

Managing protected areas

Quality

Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on managing protected areas.

Extent to which the Commonwealth's reserves are managed as required by the EPBC Act, relevant leases and other contractual arrangements.


Quantity

Extent to which best practice management is demonstrated through:

  • number of parks with current management plans;
  • number of parks with implementation plans;
  • progress on development of a park management effectiveness programme; and
  • progressive improvement in our performance information.

Extent to which the Director meets his obligations under park leases through:

  • management of the cultural heritage of the parks;
  • timely payment of monies due under the lease; and
  • growth in employment opportunities for Traditional Owners through direct or indirect employment.

Price - Budget   

Price - Revised   

$34.267m

$34.354m


Enhancing the national reserve system

Quality

Accuracy, timeliness and comprehensiveness of advice provided to the Minister on enhancing the national reserve system.

The comprehensiveness, adequacy and representativeness of the National Reserve System is enhanced.

Quantity

Extent to which new reserves protect ecosystems which have been poorly represented in the national system:

  • increase in area of the reserve system.

Extent to which best practice management is demonstrated through:

  • number of reserves with current management plans; and
  • development of agreements for joint/cooperative management arrangements with Aboriginal people and other government agencies.
 

Price - Budget   

Price - Revised   

$0.627m

$0.655m

Total Price Output 1.9 - Budget   

Total Price Output 1.9 - Revised   

$34.894m

$35.009m

 

Outcome 2

Australia benefits from meteorological and related science and services

Explanation of Variations
Comcover Supplementation

The departmental outputs appropriation has been increased by $1.364m representing supplementation for 2003-2004 Comcover premium rates.

Budget Estimates and Framework Review Supplementation

The departmental outputs appropriation has been increased by $0.054m for additional resources to implement the Budget Estimates and Framework Review recommendations.

Revised Performance Information and Level of Achievement for 2001-02

The performance information that the Australian Antarctic Division will use to assess the level of its achievement against the additional funding is shown below.

Table 2.1.2 - Performance Information for Outputs Affected by Additional Estimates Outcome 2
Output 2.1 - Influence in Antarctic Treaty System

To maintain the Antarctic Treaty System and enhance Australia's influence within the System

Quality

Australia's positions are advanced in the decisions of the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS).


 

Quantity

Policy proposals and briefings completed for and attendance at international forums, including:

  • Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings (ATCM);
  • Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR);
  • Meetings under the Convention for Conservation of Antarctic Seals (CCAS);
  • Committee for the Environmental Protection; (CEP);
  • Council of Managers of National Antarctic programmes (COMNAP);
  • Standing Committee on Antarctic Logistics and Operations (SCALOP); and
  • Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)

Provide Chair and other support for the CEP.

 

Quality

Influence, by directed research, the decisions of ATS, including CCAMLR.


 

Quantity

Produce general policy and management measures for bycatch species for consideration by CCAMLR.

Produce methodological papers for International Whaling Commission (IWC) and CCAMLR.

Advocate, using scientific data, precautionary catch limits on toothfish in Heard Island and McDonald Islands (HIMI) Exclusive Economic Zone, and for icefish and other fish off AAT.

 

 

Quality

 

Influence the decisions of the ATS by the conduct of directed high quality Human Impacts research.


 

Quantity

Brief CEP delegation on recommendations arising from experiments on contaminant dispersion, remediation and monitoring.

Contribute to report for CEP on technical and practical measures to minimise the risk of introduction and spread of non-indigenous species to the Antarctic region.


 

Quality

Involvement in high quality internationally-cooperative research across a range of scientific disciplines that increases Australia's influence in the ATS forums.

 

 

Quantity

 

Australia provides leadership and maintains active cooperative research programmes with other Antarctic Treaty System countries and participates constructively in international Antarctic science and policy forums.

Meteorological-related data from Antarctic surface and upper-air stations are seen to be appropriate to WMO bodies and that WMO, the World Data Centres and other international organisations receive these data.

Involvement in the planning and execution of major SCAR scientific programmes.

Key role played by Australian scientists in the planning and execution of Antarctic and Southern Ocean components of the World Climate Research Programme.

Development of the SCAR Biodiversity RiSCC database to operational stage.

Publish results from 'Space Ship Earth' analyses of cosmic anisotopes and transients.

Provide 400kyr palaeoenvironmental chronology (IMAGES) from South Tasman Rise and Chatman Rise.


 

Quality

Effective administration of the Australian Antarctic Territory and the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands in accordance with relevant Australian legislation and international obligations.


 

Quantity

Permits issued or administered under Antarctic environmental protection legislation.

Develop a management plan for the Heard Island and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve.

All new activities subjected to prior environmental impact assessment in accordance with legislation and relevant management plans.


 

Quantity

Continue Australia's leadership in applied mapping and data management.


 

Quantity

Support and populate biodiversity database for the SCAR Regional Sensitivity to Climate Change programme.

Prepare ICG Working Paper (with New Zealand) on State of Antarctic Environment Reporting to the CEP.

Maintain and up-date the Antarctic spatial data dictionary for SCAR Working Group on Geodesy and Geographic Information.


Total Price - Output 2.1 - Budget   

Total Price - Output 2.1 - Revised   

$13.332m

$13.546m

 

Output 2.2 Protecting the Antarctic Environment

To protect the Antarctic Environment

Quality

Environmental impact assessments completed for all relevant activities in Antarctica.


 

Quantity

Environmental Impact Assessments reviewed or completed.


 

Quality

Australia's obligations under the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty are met.


 

Quantity

AAD provides the Chair and other support for the CEP.

Environmental policy proposals and briefings completed for ATCM and CEP.

Maintain ISO14001 certification for the Environmental Management System (EMS).

Develop and undertake environmental audits to ensure compliance with the EMS.


 

Price - Budget

Price - Revised

$0.735m

$0.744m

 

Quality

Successful completion of relevant projects in accordance with Australia's Antarctic Science Programme Strategic Plan 1999/2000-2003/2004.

Undertake on-going research including the following major projects to further the understanding of the key strategic questions in Antarctic science.


 

Quantity

Antarctic Marine Living Resources

Produce operational objectives and performance measures for eco system based management of krill fisheries.

Develop draft candidate management procedures for krill.

Assess the effects of benthic trawling at Heard Island and McDonald Islands (HIMI).

Develop HIMI ecosystem model.

Produce management procedure for toothfish and icefish fishery at HIMI.

Develop Antarctic ecosystem model.

Determine key ecosystem linkages at HIMI based on field work.

Evaluate spatial scales for management of krill fisheries.

Develop preliminary operational objectives and performance measures for ecosystem based management of krill fisheries.

Evaluate monitoring requirements to describe food web linkages between marine mammals and krill.

Establish the krill-based ecosystem-monitoring programme that will assist with discriminating between inter-annual variability and long-term trends.

Identify stock structure of commercial fish populations.

Assess the ecological importance of squid in the Southern Indian Ocean sector.

Assess the sustainable yield of species in the AAT, HIMI, Macquarie Island and the Southern Indian Ocean.

Develop techniques for non-invasive sampling of vertebrate diets.

Examine factors inducing schooling in krill.

Complete lifetime growth model for krill.

Publish results of pack ice seals survey conducted in 1999.


   

Assess the initial 5 year results of the CCAMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Programme (CEMP).

Assess the results of initial 12 years of CEMP.

Evaluate preliminary designs of CEMP.

Design a programme to monitor the dynamics of the krill-based ecosystem offshore from the AAT incorporating elements of the CEMP and sampling methodologies developed in 2000-01.

Conduct fine-scale survey off the AAT for krill flux and sampling methodologies.

Characterise foraging behaviour and movement of individual baleen whales.

Monitor inter-annual variability in whale distribution and abundance in relation to krill characteristics and report to IWC.

Assess feasibility and develop methodologies for future CCAMLR land-based vertebrate survey.


 

Quantity

Biology

Create Antarctic biodiversity databases of known organism, habitats and terrestrial vegetation communities.

Collate and assess information on the distribution, abundance, survivorship and productivity of key organisms on Heard Island and McDonald Islands (HIMI).

Determine the marine distribution of animals resident in land-based Specially Protected Areas (SPAs).

Develop strategies to minimise threats to endangered species, communities and habitats by evaluating the utility of existing SPA and Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) for the conservation of the biota for which they were established.

Assess sub-Antarctic islands for colonisation by invasive species and for possible extinctions.

Establish long-term monitoring sites on Heard Island and at Casey to develop biodiversity, species abundance and ecological relations data leading to appropriate monitoring strategies.

Conduct regular surveys of selected plant and animal populations on Heard Island.

Assess monitoring sites established in 1980-81 on Macquarie Island to measure change in plant communities.


   

Analyse historic records of marine diatoms, and terrestrial and freshwater plant communities on Heard Island, with recent data to ascertain inter decadal changes in biodiversity and community structure of marine diatoms.

Study the effects of environmental modification from global climate change, solar irradiation, moisture and nutrient regime to understand how organisms and communities on sub-Antarctic islands respond to global change.

Understand the effect of global warming on temperature-sensitive ecosystems in ice-reduced coastal areas.

Interact with climate modellers to quantify environmental perturbations on important Antarctic biota, in order to advise on conservation issues.

 

 

Quantity

Geoscience

Complete combined marine benthic community and seabed sediments survey around Heard Island.


 

Quantity

Glaciology

Synthesise proxy records of environmental parameters determined by analysis of ice cores from Law Dome, the Amery Ice Shelf/ Lambert Glacier region and the Casey-Dumont D'Urville sector of Wilkes Land in order to understand the likely consequences of future environmental changes.

Complete a spring field study to relate sea ice properties to biological processes.


 

Quantity

Human Impacts

Provide scientific information to support the clean-up of Antarctic contaminated sites.

Develop dispersion models for contaminants in the Antarctic terrestrial and marine environment.

Develop techniques for monitoring clean-up operations and implement them in support of removal of Thala Valley tip at Casey.

Populate integrated GIS/web-based database for managing clean-up operations at Antarctic contaminated sites.

Determine the rate of natural biological remediation and the potential for enhancing biological remediation of contaminated soils in the sub-Antarctic.

Determine whether animals adjacent to and remote from Antarctic stations contain different levels of antibiotic resistant bacteria.

Document clinical signs of health and non-health in wildlife, as an aid to the identification of disease.

Develop risk assessment model to quantify risks of introductions from tourism and national Antarctic programmes.

Develop visitor guidelines to reduce the risk of harmful disturbance to the fauna and flora of Antarctica.

Determine the effects of visitor and vehicle disturbance on Weddell seals, king and crested penguins.

Monitor impacted and control colonies of Antarctic wildlife to identify long-term or cumulative effects of disturbance on breeding success, survival and colony size.

 
 

Quantity

Meteorological Science

Monitor the Antarctic troposphere and stratosphere for signatures of anthropogenic change.

Describe changes in tropospheric and stratospheric trace gas concentrations.

 

Quantity

Oceanography

Document the inter-annual variability of currents and temperatures in the Australian Sector of the Southern Ocean to detect the velocity and direction of environmental change.

Understand and model the transport, mixing, dispersion and chemical fate of pollutants at low temperatures and in the presence of ice cover in the vicinity of Casey Station.

 
 

Quantity

Space and Atmospheric Sciences

Carry out research that describes characteristics of the peripheral boundary of the stratospheric polar vortex above Davis, and the occurrence of Polar stratospheric clouds at high latitudes.


 

Price - Budget

Price - Revised

$32.676m

$33.205m

Total Price - Output 2.2 - Budget   

Total Price - Output 2.2 - Revised   

$33.411m

$33.948m

 

Output 2.3 Understanding Global Climate System

To understand the role of Antarctica in the global climate system

Quality

Successful completion of relevant projects in accordance with Australia's Antarctic Science Programme Strategic Plan 1999/ 2000-2003/2004.

Undertake on-going research including the following major projects to further the understanding of the key strategic questions in Antarctic science.


 

Quantity

Biology

Quantify the role of sea ice communities in Southern Ocean biogeochemical processes and contribute to the development of biogeochemical models of the Southern Ocean including predicting the effects of possible changes in the amount of sea ice.

Measure the particulate carbon flux to the deep sea in Antarctic ice-free waters.

Elucidate the roles of grazing and viral infection on the vertical flux of carbon.

Establish the role of marine micro organisms in the cycling and sequestration of iron in the Southern Ocean.

Establish the role of marine micro-organisms in the net flux of reduced sulphur compounds to the atmosphere, including identification of the key organisms responsible for synthesis and utilisation of these compounds and the impact of ultraviolet light, grazing and viral destruction of these organisms.

Monitor concentrations of reduced sulphur compounds in the atmosphere and waters of the Southern Ocean.


 

Quantity

Geoscience

Produce high-resolution isotopic, sedimentological and palaeontological Plio-Pleistocene records from samples collected from glacial deposits in Antarctica and sub-Antarctic islands in order to understand the natural climate cycles of the past.


 

Quantity

Glaciology

Monitor and detect change in Antarctic and Southern Ocean climatic parameters.

Improve meso-scale sea ice models of the Mertz Glacier Polynya and validate against field data.

Assess links between Antarctic sea ice variability and Southern Hemisphere weather.

Establish relationship between past changes in the Law Dome ice cap and ice core inferred paleoclimate parameters.

Assess the impact of the Mertz Glacier Polynya on Adelie Bottom Water production.

Assess the relative mass of ice in different sectors of East Antarctica, using field and remote sensing measurements and models.

Assess dynamics and ice mass budget of the Amery Ice Shelf-Lambert Glacier system.

Extend the high resolution (seasonal) Law Dome climate record to about 2,000 years before present.

Update climatology of inter-seasonal variability in landfast sea-ice extent and thickness.

Monitor and analyse fluctuations in the physical characteristics of the ice sheet, ice shelves and glaciers.


 

Quantity

Meteorological Science

Continue development of a Global Climate System Model (GCSM) with nested regional model for climate simulation purposes to cover the Antarctic and Southern Ocean region.

Determine associations between past levels of atmospheric constituents, as determined from ice cores, to the corresponding broad meteorological situations that existed at those times.

Participate actively in the Surface Ocean Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS).

Validate climate models by simulating Antarctic climate changes over various time-scales in the past and investigate possible future changes.

Deploy additional long-term automatic weather stations.

Explain how the El Nino-Southern Oscillation phenomenon influences and is influenced by processes occurring in Antarctica.

Carry out comprehensive analysis of weather systems in the Antarctic region.

Investigate how the Antarctic and southern Australian regions might influence each other's weather and climate via synoptic-scale meteorological processes.


 

Quantity

Oceanography

Continue to map the change in water properties between 1960 and 1990.

Collect water property data along track between Hobart and Dumont D'Urville.

Recover and redeploy automated sediment trap moorings to determine carbon transport and inter-annual variability.

Estimate the transport of the Kerguelen Western Boundary Current.

Estimate factors controlling the biological productivity of the Southern Ocean and the export of carbon to the deep ocean.

Continue ocean and coupled ocean-atmosphere-cryosphere models for the prediction of climate variability and change.


 

Quantity

 

Space and Atmospheric Sciences

Operate Light Detecting and Ranging (LIDAR) equipment at Davis that together with optical spectrophotometers and radars will measure stratospheric and mesospheric properties to quantify temperature, wind, aerosol concentration and abundance of trace gases to determine their role in the middle atmosphere climate.

Measure vertical extent and frequency of very high altitude clouds to understand the atmospheric processes occurring at high altitudes.

Describe vertical air mixing between lower and middle atmosphere above Davis.

Describe a climatology of planetary waves and tides above Davis.


Total Price - Output 2.3 - Budget   

Total Price - Output 2.3 - Revised   

$20.747m

$21.081m

 

Output 2.4 Undertake Scientific Work of Practical, Economic or National Significance

To undertake scientific work of practical, economic and national significance

Quality

Successful completion of relevant projects in accordance with Australia's Antarctic Science Programme Strategic Plan 1999/2000-2003/2004.

Undertake ongoing research including the following major projects to further the understanding of the key strategic questions in Antarctic science.


 

Quantity

Antarctic Marine Living Resources

Develop management procedures for finfish and krill fisheries.

Develop acoustic methodologies for use in the assessment of krill and other pelagic species.

Develop guidelines for marine protection areas.

Provide practical advice to industry, national agencies and Government on marine living resources.

Develop analytical software to assess the status of the food web relative to fished species.

Develop preliminary ecosystem assessment methods.


 

Quantity

Biology

Initiate alliances with organisations to share collection and data for bioactive molecule discovery.

Initiate research into biotechnical potential of exopolymers.

Identify potentially commercially important organisms.


 

Quantity

Geoscience

Collect GPS, VLBI and geophysical data at the ANARE stations and selected points.

Conduct geophysical airborne reconnaissance survey over the AAT.


 

Quantity

Glaciology

Maintain records of sea ice conditions, iceberg distributions, and other relevant parameters for use in Antarctic navigation and planning.

Collect data on snow and ice conditions that will contribute to the selection of a runway site for intercontinental air transport.


 

Quantity

Human Biology and Medicine

Continue research into the effects of immunological, thermophysiological, psychological and behavioural stressors, and the effects of UV radiation on health of Antarctic personnel in the totally isolated groups in Antarctica.


 

Quantity

Meteorological Science

Develop a sea-ice analysis system.

Implement an operational weather forecasting high-resolution Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model to cover the Antarctic region including the sea-ice zone.

Produce hardcopy of The International Antarctic Weather Forecasting Handbook.

Improve modelling relevant to Antarctica to enable 'tuning' of the Antarctic Limited Area Model and Global NWP model.

Commence development of an Australian operational sea-ice forecasting system.

Investigate and implement better use in Australian systems of existing Antarctic remotely sensed data.

Upgrade the NOAA Ground Station at Casey in support of intercontinental air transport.

Contribute to on-going re-analysis processes as techniques and data sources become of higher quality and more numerous.

Publish further Antarctic Working Papers.


 

Quantity

Oceanography

Maintain tide gauges at Macquarie Island, Casey, Davis and Mawson with the data updated annually at the National Tidal Facility and made available to interested parties.

Install acoustic tide gauges at Mawson and Casey.

Plan deployment of a surface mooring in the Southern Ocean and an Australian contribution to the Southern Ocean Argo project.


 

Quantity

Space and Atmospheric Sciences

Utilisation of ionosonde, geomagnetic, GPS, riometer and optical data from all Australian Antarctic stations to provide space weather data.

Provide Tasman International Geospace Environment Radar (TIGER) and FedSat data to facilitate studies of upper atmosphere space weather research.

Develop ultra-low frequency hydromagnetic wave techniques to monitor high variability in Sun-Earth connections.

Continue Fabry Perot Spectrometer (FPS) thermospheric 630 nanometre observations at Davis and enhance middle atmosphere circulation models.

Develop automated instrumentation.

Continue development of cosmic ray Ground Level Enhancement (GLE) models.

Enhance accurate forecasting capability of high frequency radio communication between Australia and Antarctica.

Undertake annual austral summer cosmic ray latitude surveys.

Provide real-time geophysical data of practical importance for use by international science.

Automate 'Space Ship Earth' consortium real-time data for space weather prediction.


 

Quantity

Australian Antarctic Data Centre

Maintain and develop the Australian Antarctic Data Centre as the leading depository for Antarctic scientific and other data.

Collate and store all relevant data collected by Australian researchers in Antarctica, and provide access to authorised researchers.

Ensure compliance with departmental and national standards for management of scientific data and geographical information.

Produce aeronautical charts in support of an air transport system.

Prepare hydrographic data acquired for charts of approaches to Mawson.


Total Price - Output 2.4 - Budget   

Total Price - Output 2.4 - Revised   

$17.311m

$17.644m