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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Portfolio Budget Statements 2003-2004

Environment and Heritage Portfolio
Budget Initiatives and Explanations of Appropriations 2003-2004
Budget Related Paper No. 1.7
Commonwealth of Australia 2003
ISSN 1448 - 1219 (Online), 1448 - 1200 (Print)

Part C - Agency Budget Statements (continued)
Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology (continued)

Section 2 - Outcomes and Outputs Information

OVERVIEW

The following section provides details of the budget implications for the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology. Specifically it provides in the following order:

Outcome and Output Groups
   
Total
Departmental
   
Price of
Outputs
   
Outputs
Appropriation
   
$'000
$'000
       
COMMONWEALTH BUREAU OF METEOROLOGY
207,904
192,430
       
Outcome 1 - Australia benefits from meteorological and related science and services
1.1 Meteorological and Related Data and Products
126,170
125,396
1.2 Meteorological and Related Research
9,792
8,403
1.3 Meteorological and Related Services
69,314
56,003
1.4 International Meteorological Activities
2,628
2,628
TOTAL OUTCOME
207,904
192,430

This structure shows the relationship between the Government Outcome and contributing output groups for the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology. Financial details for this Outcome by output group appears in Table 2.1 while non-financial information for the Outcome appears in Table 2.2.

OUTPUT COST ATTRIBUTION

Direct costs incurred by the Bureau (salaries, suppliers etc) are coded directly to appropriate cost centres within the Financial Management System. These individual cost centres are subsequently attributed to Outputs based upon established, and regularly reviewed, matching of the activities of the individual cost centre to the relevant Output/s.

Indirect costs, that is overheads and activities that cut across all Outputs, are attributed to Outputs on the basis of pro-rata allocation against the most appropriate cost driver that can be consistently and logically applied.

Relationship Between Sub-outcome and Contributing Outputs

The following chart provides a diagrammatic representation of the output groups, contributing to Outcome 1 (Meteorology).

Outcome 1 - Australia benefits from meteorological and related science and services
   
 
1.1 METEOROLOGICAL AND RELATED DATA AND PRODUCTS
 
     
1.2 METEOROLOGICAL AND RELATED RESEARCH
 
     
 
1.3 METEOROLOGICAL AND RELATED SERVICES
 
     
1.4 INTERNATIONAL METEOROLOGICAL ACTIVITIES
 
  Note: Revenue from Government through appropriations contributes 92.6% to the total output price for this outcome for 2003-04.  

CHANGES TO OUTCOMES AND OUTPUTS

The Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology became a Prescribed Agency under the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 on 12 September 2002 and now reports as an agency in its own right. Prior to becoming a Prescribed Agency, the Bureau reported as Outcome 2 under the Department of the Environment and Heritage.

OUTCOME 1: Australia benefits from meteorological and related science and services

The Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology is the national meteorological authority for Australia. The ultimate outcome of the Bureau's operation is Australia benefits from meteorological and related science and services. The four basic elements of this outcome are:

MEASURES AFFECTING THE SUB-OUTCOME

The following measures in the 2003-04 Budget affect Outcome 1.

Budget Measure: World Class Weather Forecasting

Purpose

The Government will provide $31.2 million over four years to maintain the enhanced weather forecasting services which the Bureau of Meteorology has provided since 1996-97.

This measure will involve funding of $7.5 million in 2003-04, $7.7 million in 2004-05, $7.9 million in 2005-06 and $8.1 million in 2006-07. Provision for this funding has already been included in the forward estimates. Funding will support the Bureau's climate monitoring and predication services, enhance rural and marine weather services, improve public access to the Bureau's databases and maintain the national rainfall observing network for drought monitoring and water resources assessments.

Budget Measure: Meteorological radars - replacement and upgrade

Purpose

The Government will provide $62.2 million (for both expenses of $13.8 million and capital of $48.4 million) over five years to enable the Bureau of Meteorology to purchase and install fifteen new meteorological radars as replacements for its oldest radars assets, and a further six selected radars with enhanced Doppler capability. This asset replacement programme will enable the Bureau to maintain and enhance its meteorological forecasting capacity.

Replacement of radars will occur at Williamtown in New South Wales, East Sale in Victoria, Townsville, Mackay, Gladstone, Mt Kanighan, and Charleville in Queensland, Learmonth, Port Hedland, Broome, Perth, and Carnarvon in Western Australia, Mt Gambier in South Australia, and Darwin and Tennant Creek in the Northern Territory. Doppler radars will be installed at Sydney and Tamworth in New South Wales, Melbourne and Yarrawonga in Victoria, Brisbane in Queensland and Adelaide in South Australia.

TOTAL RESOURCES FOR THE SUB-OUTCOME

The following Table 2.1 provides details of the financial resources for Outcome 1. It shows the expenditure for each output group, revenue from Government, revenue from other sources and the total price of outputs. The average staffing level for this outcome also appears at the end of the table.

TABLE 2.1 - TOTAL RESOURCES FOR THE OUTCOME
 
Estimated
 
 
Actuals
Budget
 
2002-03(1)
2003-04
 
$'000
$'000
ADMINISTERED APPROPRIATIONS
0
0
ADMINISTERED SPECIAL ACCOUNTS
0
0
     
DEPARTMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS    
Output 1.1 - Meteorological and Related Data and Products
112,248
125,396
Output 1.2 - Meteorological and Related Research
6,284
8,403
Output 1.3 - Meteorological and Related Services
41,818
56,003
Output 1.4 - International Meteorological Activities
2,077
2,628
TOTAL REVENUE FROM GOVERNMENT (Appropriations)
162,427
192,430
  Contributing to Price of Departmental Output
91.7%
92.6%
     
REVENUE FROM OTHER SOURCES    
Output 1.1 - Meteorological and Related Data and Products
723
774
Output 1.2 - Meteorological and Related Research
2,496
1,389
Output 1.3 - Meteorological and Related Services
11,565
13,311
TOTAL REVENUE FROM OTHER SOURCES
14,784
15,474
     
TOTAL PRICE OF DEPARTMENTAL OUTPUTS
177,211
207,904
DEPARTMENTAL SPECIAL ACCOUNTS
0
0
TOTAL ESTIMATED RESOURCING
177,211
207,904
     
 
2002-2003
2003-2004
  AVERAGE STAFFING LEVEL (NUMBER)
1,418.0
1,440.0

CONTRIBUTION OF OUTPUTS

The four output groups the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology provides in support of the achievement of this outcome align directly with the four elements of the outcome as follows:

Outcome Element Output Group
Satisfaction of present and future needs for continuous reliable data and information on Australian weather and climate 1.1 Meteorological and Related Data and Products
Advancement of meteorological science and understanding of the mechanisms of Australian weather and climate 1.2 Meteorological and Related Research
Enhanced community safety and well-being through the effective use of meteorological and related services by the general public and other major social and economic sectors 1.3 Meteorological and Related Services
International cooperation and goodwill including the benefits of global meteorological cooperation under the Convention of the World Meteorological Organization and related international meteorological treaties and agreements 1.4 International Meteorological Activities

PERFORMANCE INFORMATION FOR THE OUTCOME

Table 2.2 lists the performance information that the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology will use to assess the level of its achievement of the outcome during 2003 04. It comprises two parts:

  1. overall achievement - performance information for the effectiveness of the outcome overall; and
  2. performance information for Outputs - quantitative, qualitative and, price for each output.
Table 2.2 - Performance Information for the Outcome
(A) Effectiveness - Overall Achievement of the Outcome
  Satisfaction of present and future needs for continuous reliable data and information on Australian weather and climate   The extent to which:
  • the density, representativeness, accuracy, homogeneity, continuity and reliability of the national meteorological observation network are sufficient to:
- meet essential future national and international needs for Australian climate data; and - provide the basis for routine nationwide weather watch and numerical prediction operations and provide a common foundation for the provision of basic and special weather services;  
  • the meteorological data from the observational network are transmitted to the National Meteorological and Oceanographic Operations Centre (NMOC) and Regional Forecasting Centres (RFCs) error-free and within cut-off times and meteorological information, forecasts and warnings are communicated promptly and accurately to users;
 
  • the central and regional computer systems and computing advisory and consultative services meet the defined requirements of all Bureau programmes and contribute to overall efficiency and productivity gains;
 
  • equipment installations satisfy the requirements of Bureau programmes, are carried out within time and cost estimates and the performance and reliability of operational services are maximised;
 
  • the NMOC provides reliable, timely analysis and forecast guidance products that impact positively on the quality of services; and
 
  • the NMOC and the RFCs provide, in combination, a sufficiently comprehensive and responsive nationwide and regional scale weather watch and monitoring operation to detect and react immediately to the first evidence of developing dangerous weather and provide a foundation for the provision of routine basic and special weather services.
Advancement of meteorological science and understanding of the mechanisms of Australian weather and climate The extent to which:
  • the Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre is recognised for the quality and extent of its contribution to national and international atmospheric science;
 
  • progress is achieved in the characterisation and understanding of the processes which determine Australian weather and climate;
 
  • progress is achieved on applied research problems addressed to the Bureau or which arise in the course of its operations;
 
  • cost effective new applications and services emerge from Bureau research;
 
  • Bureau research can be shown to have contributed to improvements in the quality of its operations and services; and
 
  • the scientific health and morale of the Bureau are enhanced.
  Enhanced community safety and well-being through the effective use of meteorological and related services by the general public and other major social and economic sectors   The extent to which:
  • meteorological and related services contribute to minimising loss of life and property and community disruption from bushfires, tropical cyclones and severe storms; minimising economic and other costs of disaster preparedness; the safety, comfort, convenience and general welfare and economic benefit of the public and major community groups; the safety and efficiency of shipping, small craft and maritime industries; the safety, regularity and efficiency of air navigation; the efficiency and effectiveness of the Australian Defence Force; government and community planning; and the economy and efficiency of primary and secondary industry;
 
  • forecasts, warnings, information and advice are accurate and timely;
 
  • user needs (including the needs of specific users of special weather services on a cost recovery basis) are identified and satisfied and new services and products are developed as required;
 
  • the public, major user groups and specialised users receive, understand and make optimum use of the services and express satisfaction with the services; and
 
  • the data stored in the National Climate Centre are appropriate in terms of types of parameters included; comply with relevant national and international guidelines in respect of density, frequency and length of period of observations stored; have been subject to appropriate quality control; are of acceptable quality; and are stored optimally in terms of security and accessibility.
  International cooperation and goodwill including the benefits of global meteorological cooperation under the Convention of the World Meteorological Organization and related international meteorological treaties and agreements   The extent to which:
  • Australia meets agreed international requirements for data exchange; the National Meteorological and Oceanographic Operations Centre in Melbourne provides the products and services prescribed for a World Meteorological Centre, two Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs) and a Joint Technical Commission for Oceanographic and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) Specialised Oceanographic Centre; and the Darwin RFC provides the products and services prescribed for a RSMC;
 
  • Australia can maintain its standing in international meteorology and so influence international developments to national advantage;
 
  • participation in international activities can be shown to contribute to the effectiveness and efficiency of Bureau operations and services; and
 
  • the contribution of Australian expertise and support improves the quality and performance of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) in the South-West Pacific and South-East Asia.
(B) Performance Information for Departmental Outputs 
OUTPUT GROUP 1.1 - METEOROLOGICAL AND RELATED DATA AND PRODUCTS 
  Quality 95% of scheduled regular surface, space-based and upper air (radiosonde and upper wind) observations received on time and within prescribed error limits. Field equipment outages not greater than 24 hours for essential equipment, 7 working days for operationally backed-up infrastructure, and 22 days for other field equipment. 90% of users surveyed are satisfied with the functional capacity and availability of mission critical communications system components. 90% of users surveyed are satisfied with the functional capacity and availability of mission critical computing system components. Accuracy of centralized analysis and forecast guidance products as measured by statistical evaluation procedures: S1 skill score of 30 points less than persistence in 24-hour predictions over the Australian region; annual average root mean square [rms] error in the 24-hour statistical guidance for maximum temperature of 3 degrees (2.5 degrees for minimum temperature) averaged over all States; anomaly correlations for 72, 120 and 168-hour sea level pressure predictions for 20 to 60o S from the global prediction system of 75%, 55% and 40% respectively; and annual average rms error of 0.7m in the 24-hour sea state predictions averaged over all available Australian instrumental wave observations. 95% of numerical guidance products are delivered before the scheduled deadlines for dissemination. 90% of users surveyed are satisfied with the value of forecast guidance product components.
  Quantity Numbers of fully operational observing stations - 50 upper-air, 900 synoptic (including automatic weather), 7,500 rainfall, 12 drifting buoys, 100 voluntary observing ships, 745 river height, 60 weather watch radars, 15 satellite ground, 17 solar & terrestrial radiation; 5 total ozone; 2 ozone profile and one Baseline. 98 inter-office communications links operational, 910 automated data collection links operational and 12 international communications circuits operational. 7 Regional Forecasting Centres, 28 AIFS (Australian Integrated Forecast System) equipped offices, 2,400 numerical guidance products issued by the National Meteorological and Oceanographic Operations Centre (NMOC) with 10 systems providing distinctive guidance products.
  Price $ 126.170m (Installation, operation and maintenance of operational observational data networks $86.829m; operation of processed data and products systems $39.341m).
OUTPUT GROUP 1.2 - METEOROLOGICAL AND RELATED RESEARCH 
  Quality Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre (BMRC) scientists invited to serve on 65 external advisory committees etc. At least 15 invitations received to present papers at external conferences and workshops. The annual report and all workshop and contract project reports produced in good time. Five system changes, developed by the BMRC, accepted for implementation by operational units (the National Meteorological and Oceanographic Operations Centre and the National Climate Centre).
  Quantity 6 viable research groups focussed on priority research issues. 110 research publications including refereed journals, articles, book chapters, conference papers and miscellaneous reports, and missions. 75 external collaborative projects undertaken.
  Price $9.792m (Resources committed to Pure Research $1.094m; Strategic Research $2.251m; Applied Research $6.447m)
OUTPUT GROUP 1.3 - METEOROLOGICAL AND RELATED SERVICES 
  Quality 90% of users surveyed indicate that public weather forecasts and warnings are partly or completely accurate. 90% of users surveyed indicate that public weather forecasts and warnings are becoming more accurate or are maintaining current levels of accuracy. 90% of users surveyed indicate that they are 'satisfied' or 'very satisfied' with weather forecast, warning and information services. 90% of users surveyed indicate that weather forecasts, warnings and information services are received in time for them to make their decisions. 96% of regular observation entries into the national climate data base successfully completed within preset quality control standards. 85% of users surveyed are 'satisfied' or 'very satisfied' with climate data services. 85% of users surveyed are 'satisfied' or 'very satisfied' with consultative meteorological services. 85% of users surveyed are 'satisfied' or 'very satisfied' with hydrological data, information, advisory and flood warning services. 0.1% downtime for Internet access services. 90% of commercial contracts are completed on time. 90% of existing clients renew commercial contracts.
  Quantity 15,000 to 20,000 public weather warnings issued. 400,000 to 450,000 public weather forecast and information bulletins issued. 430,000 climate data, information, monitoring, prediction and advisory services provided. 600,000 hydrological data, information, advisory and flood warning services issued. 7,500 consultative services provided. 5 to 7 million accesses by telephone/facsimile and 1.5 to 2.0 billion accesses by the Internet for automated weather service delivery systems. 1.4 million telephone, facsimile and Internet accesses to automated climate service delivery systems. 400,000 Internet accesses to automated hydrological service delivery systems. 5% growth in revenues of the Special Services Unit (SSU) and 5% increase in the number of SSU employees as measures of the level of commercial service provision.
    Price   $69.314m (Severe Weather Warning Services $5.033m Public Weather Services $14.455m Marine Weather Services $1.423m Aviation Weather Services $14.868m Defence Weather Services $3.305m Special Weather Services $3.965m Climate Data Service $4.457m Climate Monitoring Service $2.965m Meteorological Advisory Service $0.156m Special Investigation $7.405m Flood Warning Service $4.813m Hydrometeorological Advisory Service $1.218m High Seas Oceanographic Services $0.027m Coastal Oceanographic Services $0.074m Maintenance of Climate Data Bank $4.600m Water Resources Assessment activities $0.550m
OUTPUT GROUP - 1.4 INTERNATIONAL METEOROLOGICAL ACTIVITIES 
  Quality Australian influence is maintained through occupancy of important senior positions in the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The value achieved from scientific exchange visits and cooperative projects undertaken with other countries is maintained. The flow of accurate observational data to Australia is increased through provision of technical assistance and meteorological training to the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of developing countries. 100% of the formal obligations of roles for the Melbourne World Meteorological Centre (WMC) and the Melbourne and Darwin Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs), as designated by the WMO, are fulfilled. A high level of demand for Australian officers to participate in WMO activities is maintained. A high level of satisfaction of regional developing NMHSs with Australian technical cooperation is maintained.
  Quantity Australia is represented in all WMO constituent bodies (viz. Congress, Executive Council, Regional Association V, all Technical Commissions). Three major international meteorological meetings are hosted in Australia. Active bilateral cooperative programmes are maintained with the eight countries (China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Vietnam) with which a Memorandum of Understanding or treaty has been signed. All AusAID projects offering training courses by the Bureau of Meteorology Training Centre in Melbourne to help develop meteorology in developing countries are supported. WMC Melbourne, RSMCs Melbourne and Darwin and the Joint Technical Commission for Oceanographic and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) Specialised Oceanographic Centre, Melbourne, are maintained.
    Price   $2.628m ($1.161m to meet Australia's assessed contribution to the WMO regular budget in 2003-04; participation in the scientific and technical programmes of the WMO and related international exchange activities $1.318m; and Bureau participation in the WMO Voluntary Cooperation Programme and bilateral technical cooperation activities $0.149m)

PERFORMANCE INFORMATION

Achievement of planned performance will be reported in the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology's 2003 04 Annual Report.

EVALUATIONS

In 2003-04 the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology will review its cost recovery arrangements against the Government's new cost recovery policy and guidelines. As part of the review a Cost Recovery Impact Statement (CRIS) will be prepared.

No evaluations are planned for 2003-04.