Department of the Environment

About us | Contact us | Publications

About us header images - leftAbout us header images - centreAbout us header images - right

Publications archive - Budget statements

Disclaimer

Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Portfolio Budget Statements 2003-2004

Environment and Heritage Portfolio
Budget Initiatives and Explanations of Appropriations 2003-2004
Budget Related Paper No. 1.7
Commonwealth of Australia 2003
ISSN 1448 - 1219 (Online), 1448 - 1200 (Print)

Part C - Agency Budget Statements

Department of the Environment and Heritage

Section 1 - Department Overview, Appropriations and Budget Measures

OVERVIEW

The Department promotes environmental, social and related economic values by improving the quality of decision-making, programme delivery and communication.

It also is responsible for environmental legislation. In July 2000 the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 came into force. The Act establishes a legislative framework to enable the Commonwealth to deal with current and emerging environmental issues.

The Act provides protection for matters of National Environmental Significance. These are World Heritage properties, Ramsar wetlands of international importance, nationally threatened animal and plant species and ecological communities, internationally protected migratory species, Commonwealth marine areas and nuclear actions.

The legislation clearly defines the Commonwealth's role in protecting the environment and introduces a streamlined assessment and approval process that applies to actions likely to have a significant impact on any of the matters of national environmental significance.

The Department of the Environment and Heritage is structured into nine functional divisions and the separate accounting identity, the Australian Antarctic Division. The Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology became a Prescribed Agency under the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 on 12 September 2002 and now reports as an agency in its own right in these Portfolio Budget Statements. Prior to becoming a Prescribed Agency, the Bureau reported as Outcome 2 under the Department of the Environment and Heritage. Consequently, the Bureau's 2002-03 budget estimates are apportioned between the Department of the Environment and Heritage and Outcome 1 - Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology. This apportionment may hinder comparisons between 2002-03 and other years.

The roles of the nine functional divisions and the Australian Antarctic Division are listed below:

Sustainable Industries and Atmosphere Division

The Sustainable Industries and Atmosphere Division (formerly the Environment Quality Division) works to protect Australia's environment from the adverse impact of human activity and the effects of pollution.

The Division works with Australian business organisations and industrial sectors, the community and other levels of government to protect Australia's atmosphere and to improve the environmental performance of Australian industry. The Division is responsible for the administration of Commonwealth legislation regulating hazardous wastes, ozone depleting substances, fuel quality standards, waste oil recycling, and the implementation of national environment protection measures covering air quality, contaminated sites, controlled wastes, packaging and the National Pollutant Inventory. Other activities include reducing harmful emissions from motor vehicles, environmental assessment of genetically modified organisms and agricultural, veterinary and industrial chemicals, waste minimisation, managing persistent organic pollutants including dioxins, encouraging the uptake of voluntary environmental performance agreements and reporting by industry and companies.

Approvals and Wildlife Division

The Division has general policy oversight of the administration of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 with particular responsibility for its environmental impact assessment and wildlife protection regimes. The Division manages the environmental assessment and approval processes in relation to the protection of matters of national environmental significance, Commonwealth land, and actions by Commonwealth departments and agencies. It also is responsible for the identification and protection of threatened species and ecological communities, the regulation of wildlife imports and exports and Australia's obligations under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES).

Heritage Division

The Heritage Division draws together Australia's national and international heritage obligations. The Division also administers a range of place-related cultural heritage grants.

The Division administers several Acts to protect and manage Australia's heritage. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984 provides opportunity for Aboriginal people to seek protection for areas and objects that are of particular significance in accordance with Aboriginal tradition, where these are under threat of injury or desecration. The Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976 provides protection for all historic shipwrecks and associated relics from low water mark to the edge of Australia's continental shelf. The Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986 controls the export and import of the most significant aspects of Australia's movable cultural heritage and provides for the return of the cultural property of other nations illegally imported into Australia.

The Division's World Heritage responsibilities include advising the Government on the implementation of the World Heritage Convention within Australia and internationally, identifying natural and cultural areas of world heritage value and nominating them for inclusion on the World Heritage List, and ensuring proper management of existing World Heritage properties, including support for implementation of the World Heritage provisions of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Protection Act 1999.

Information about the Australian Heritage Commission, a statutory authority located within the Division, can be found under its own heading elsewhere in this document.

Natural Heritage Division

The Natural Heritage Division advises the Government on biodiversity conservation and land management issues. The Division develops and implements Commonwealth policy, programmes and legislation that promote the sustainable use of land and the protection of threatened and endangered species. Through these policies and programmes the Division works with the community to conserve Australia's biological diversity and manage its land resources in an ecologically sustainable way.

The Division administers Australia's obligations under a number of international agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on Desertification.

The Division has a range of responsibilities under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, including the recovery of threatened species and ecological communities and abatement of environmental threats. The Division has responsibility for administering the Natural Heritage Trust of Australia Act 1997, including responsibility for ensuring the Trust's Corporate Governance responsibilities are met. The Division has primary carriage of the performance assessment of the Natural Heritage Trust and the development and implementation of the extension of the Trust. In cooperation with state and territory agencies, the Division has primary carriage of the Bushcare Programme in the extended phase of the Trust.

The Division is actively involved in a joint team with counterparts from the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry-Australia (forming the Commonwealth Regional Natural Resource Management Team), jointly implementing the Natural Heritage Trust and the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality. This involves dealing directly with the States/Territories and regional communities in the on-ground implementation of these two programmes. It also includes the implementation of overarching national frameworks such as national accreditation criteria for regional plans and the National Frameworks for Natural Resource Management (NRM) Standards and Targets, and for Monitoring and Evaluation. The joint team arrangement streamlines processes by ensuring a single point of contact for the regional groups.

Marine and Water Division

The Marine and Water Division advises on, develops and secures the integrated implementation of policies, programmes and legislation for the conservation and sustainable use of inland waters (including groundwater) and the coastal, estuarine and marine environment.

It has a range of responsibilities under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, including assessment of Commonwealth managed and all export fisheries, protection of cetaceans, declaration and management of Commonwealth marine protected areas (MPAs), and protection of internationally important wetlands, migratory waterbirds and marine species including seabirds. Through the EPBC Act the Division manages 12 Commonwealth MPAs, develops and implements recovery plans for marine species, investigates and implements protection for critical habitat, management plans for wetlands of international importance, and develops threat abatement plans for key threatening processes. The Division also administers legislation to regulate the dumping of waste at sea.

The Division develops and implements projects through the Coastcare and Rivercare programmes under the Natural Heritage Trust. Projects include development of water quality improvement plans in coastal catchments through the Coastal Catchments Initiative targeting pollution discharges, marine species recovery plans, a national approach to protecting coastal environments including for migratory waterbirds, and monitoring and protection of in-stream and riparian biodiversity.

The Division provides advice to the Minister and to Environment Australia's Murray-Darling Basin Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner on all aspects of the Murray-Darling Basin Initiative including integrated catchment management, environmental flows, water diversion caps, native fish and floodplain management. It has carriage of the implementation of the Lake Eyre Basin Agreement, ecologically sustainable management of groundwater with a specific focus on maximising environmental outcomes in the Great Artesian Basin, and national coordination and technical support for community water monitoring. It assists in the development and implementation of water related policy initiatives covering issues such as water property rights, the facilitation of efficient water markets and adequate water flow regimes. The Division also develops and provides advice on national water quality policy including the National Water Quality Management Strategy.

The Division manages the Great Barrier Reef Coastal Wetland Protection Programme. The programme aims to identify, protect and restore wetlands critical to improving the quality of water entering the economically and environmentally important Great Barrier Reef lagoon, as well as contributing to the sustainability of the Queensland sugar industry.

The Division coordinates the Government's obligations in relation to a number of international initiatives and conventions that support sustainable oceans management covering issues such as marine pollution, biodiversity conservation, ecosystem based management, oceans governance and introduced marine pests. Specific conventions include the Ramsar Convention on wetlands of international importance, bilateral agreements with Japan and China to protect migratory birds, the International Whaling Commission, the Convention on Migratory Species, the Asia Pacific Economic Corporation (APEC) Marine Resources Conservation Working Group, the Global Water Partnership and Third World Water Forum. The Division is also responsible for the implementation of outcomes from the World Summit on Sustainable Development including the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and type 2 partnership initiatives on oceans, seas, islands and coastal areas.

Supervising Scientist Division

The Supervising Scientist's primary role is to advise the Minister in relation to protection of the environment of the Alligator Rivers Region in the Northern Territory from the potential impacts of past, existing and proposed uranium mining activities under the Environment Protection (Alligator Rivers Region) Act 1978. The Supervising Scientist's role is achieved through a programme of scientific research, monitoring and assessment, working constructively with the Northern Territory Government.

The Office of the Supervising Scientist assesses the environmental management performance of mining companies in the region, evaluates monitoring data, and provides technical advice to stakeholders to enhance environmental protection. The Environmental Research Institute of the Supervising Scientist (ERISS) collects monitoring data and undertakes environmental research needed to determine standards, practices and procedures for the protection of the environment from the effects of uranium mining.

ERISS also has an international research profile especially in relation to wetland inventory, assessment and monitoring, and provides advice to international environmental conventions and programmes. ERISS is a key member of the National Centre for Tropical Wetlands Research.

The Division also provides general advice on nuclear safety issues.

Parks Australia

Parks Australia works with the Director of National Parks to meet the Director's statutory functions and other delegated responsibilities. The Director's statutory functions are reported in Part C, Director of National Parks, Agency Budget Statements. The Secretary has delegated administrative powers in relation to the following functions to the Director: Australian Biological Resources Study; National Reserves System Programme; and Indigenous Policy and Programmes that are reported under the Department of the Environment and Heritage.

Policy Coordination Division

The Policy Coordination Division provides strategic, functional and administrative support to the department and the Minister. The cost of these services is factored into the output prices of other divisions and is not separately reported.

The Division supports the department's outputs through the provision of corporate governance, financial, budget and legal advice; economic analysis and advice; and cabinet and parliamentary services. The Division also provides direct support to the Minister with regard to coordination of briefings and logistical arrangements.

The Division manages a number of programmes that have department wide relevance including:

Strategic Development Division

The Strategic Development Division provides the department with human resources and other support services. The costs of these services are factored into the prices of the outputs of other divisions and are not separately reported.

The services delivered by this Division also include the coordination of international activities, environmental education, management of the department's information technology contract, accommodation, library, data consultancy services delivered through the Environment Resources Information Network, records management and public relations.

The Division also manages participation in global environmental activities and groupings including the Commission on Sustainable Development and the United Nations Environment Programme Governing Council.

Australian Antarctic Division

The Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) manages Australia's activities in the Antarctic and enhances Australia's role as an influential nation in the Antarctic Treaty System. The AAD administers the Australia Antarctic Territory and the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands, conducts and supports science programmes, and represents Australia at international Antarctic meetings. It operates three stations in Antarctica - at Mawson, Davis and Casey - and one on subantarctic Macquarie Island. It develops and administers Australian law in support of the Government's objectives for the region.

The Division manages and conducts Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE) and the programme of Australian science in Antarctica. Through ANARE, Australia has had a continuous presence in the Antarctic since 1947. Land-based scientific research is now augmented by studies of the oceanography and biology of the Southern Ocean, leading to new understanding of global climate systems and marine living resources.

The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (the Madrid Protocol) designates Antarctica as a natural reserve for peace and science, and Australia plays a leading role in protecting the Antarctic environment.

APPROPRIATIONS AND RESOURCING

Table 1.1 shows the total 2003-04 appropriation for the Department of the Environment and Heritage by the two Government outcomes, by administered expenses, departmental output appropriation and, where appropriate, administered capital and departmental equity injections and loans.

The total appropriation for the Department of the Environment in 2003-04 is $377.622 million. This includes Special Appropriations of $30.343 million and a departmental equity injection of $2.224 million.

TABLE 1.1 - DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND HERITAGE - APPROPRIATIONS AND OTHER REVENUE FOR 2003-04 ($'000)
OUTCOMES DEPARTMENTAL (Price of Outputs)
ADMINISTERED
 
 
Revenue from Government
   
Annual Appropriations
     
 
(appropriations)
Revenue
   
Bill No. 2
 
Total
 
   
Special
   
from other
Total Price 
 
(SPPs &
Special   
Administered
TOTAL
 
Bill No. 1
Approp (4)
Total (1)
 
Sources (3)
of Outputs (1)
Bill No. 1 *
NAOs) (2)
Approp * (4)
Approp (1)
APPROP
     
(C1)
   
(E1)
     
(I 1)
 
 
A
B
(C =A+B)
 
(D)
(E=C+D)
F
G
H
(I =F+G+H)
(J =C+I)     
Outcome 1 - The environment, especially those                      
aspects that are matters of national                      
environmental significance, is protected                      
and conserved
121,403
10,500
131,903
19,118
151,021 
138,620
1,150
19,843
159,613
291,516 
     
87.3%
#              
Outcome 2 - Australia's interests in Antarctica
83,882
0
83,882
 
919
84,801 
0
0
0
83,882 
are advanced    
98.9%
#              
                       
TOTALS
205,285
10,500
215,785
 
20,037
235,822 
138,620
1,150
19,843
159,613
375,398 
     
(K1)
               
          Departmental Capital (Equity Injections) - Outcome 2 Antarctic (K2)  
2,224 
          TOTAL APPROPRIATIONS  
377,622 
1. Cells C1, E1 and I1 refer to information provided in Total Resource for Outcome Tables. 2.1.1 and 2.1.2.
K1 refers to Table 3.1 - Budgeted Departmental Statement of Financial Performance. K2 refers to Table 3.4 Capital Budget Statement
2. Under the Appropriation Structure, Bill 2 includes Specific Purpose Payments (SPPs)
3. Revenue from other sources includes other revenue from Government (for example, resources free of charge) and revenue from other sources (for example, sales of goods and services) - refer Table 1.3 Receipts from Independent Sources. Revenue for Outcome 1 Environment also includes $1.8 million for administration of the National Action Plan
4. Estimated Special Appropriation expenses are shown in Table 1.4 Estimates of Expenses from Special Appropriations

# Percentage figure indicates the percentage contribution of revenue from Government (departmental output appropriations) to the total price of outputs by outcome
* Natural Heritage Trust expenses of $250 million in 2003-04 will be met from appropriations ($153.9m) and existing Special Account funds. (Refer Table 1.5 Estimates of Special Accounts Flows and Balances and Table 2.1.1 Total Resources for Outcome 1 - Environment)
There is no direct appropriation from Government to the Director of National Parks. Funds of $34.3 million will be appropriated directly to the Department of the Environment and Heritage (Departmental Appropriation Bill No. 1: Outcome 1 - Environment) and transferred to the Director of National Parks

TABLE 1.2 - SUMMARY OF MEASURES CONTAINED IN THE 2003-2004 BUDGET
     
Appropriations ($'000)
Appropriations ($'000)
Appropriations ($'000)
Appropriations ($'000)
   
Output
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
   
Groups
Admin
Dept
 
Admin
Dept
 
Admin
Dept
 
Admin
Dept
 
MEASURE
Outcome
Affected
Expenses
Outputs
Total
Expenses
Outputs
Total
Expenses
Outputs
Total
Expenses
Outputs
Total
Distinctively Australian
1
1.5
 
1,300
1,300
 
3,200
3,200
 
4,000
4,000
 
4,800
4,800
Great Barrier Reef Coastal Wetland Protection Programme (1)
1
1.3
 
1,000
1,000
 
2,000
2,000
 
2,000
2,000
 
2,000
2,000
Urban Environment Initiatives (2)
1
1.1; 1.5; 1.6
 
1,400
1,400
 
2,400
2,400
 
6,800
6,800
 
6,366
6,366
(3)
1
1.1; 1.6
 
-1,400
-1,400
 
-2,400
-2,400
 
-6,800
-6,800
 
-6,366
-6,366
Environment Protection Policy
1
1.1; 1.6
 
4,100
4,100
 
4,100
4,100
 
4,100
4,100
 
3,500
3,500
(3)
1
1.1; 1.6
 
-4,100
-4,100
 
-4,100
-4,100
 
-4,100
-4,100
 
-3,500
-3,500
Biodiversity policy
1
1.2
 
-1,969
-1,969
 
-1,969
-1,969
 
-1,969
-1,969
 
-1,969
-1,969
Shipping support for Australia's Antarctic Programme (4)
2
2.1; 2.2; 2.3; 2.4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Australian Biological Resources Study (5)
1
n/a
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1. The Government will contribute $8.0m over five years, ending with $1.0m in 2007-08
2. The Government will provide $24.2m over five years, ending with $7.2m in 2007-08
3. These amounts represent the reprioritisation of funding from the Diesel Vehicles Emissions National Environment Protection programme and the Transitional Assistance component of the Product Stewardship Arrangements for Waste Oil Recycling for the relevant measures
4. Provision of $17.4m per annum has already been included in the forward estimates by the Department of Finance and Administration for the years 2003-04 to 2006-07 in anticipation of Government approval of renewal of the Programme through the Budget process
5. Provision of $1.2m per annum has already been included in the Administered forward estimates by the Department of Finance and Administration for the years 2003-04 to 2006-07 in anticipation of Government approval of renewal of the Programme through the Budget process

TABLE 1.3 - Receipts from Independent Sources
 
2002-2003
2003-2004
 
Estimated
Estimated
 
Revenue
Revenue
 
$'000
$'000
DEPARTMENTAL REVENUE    
Sales of goods and services (1) (2)
27,359
19,997
Interest
1,094
0
Other
112
40
Total non-appropriation departmental revenue
28,565
20,037
     
ADMINISTERED REVENUE    
Environment - Miscellaneous Revenue
500
500
Meteorological Services - Recoveries (2)
2,683
0
Captains Flat (Abatement of Pollution) Agreement - Interest    
and principal repayments
13
13
Ozone Protection Act 1989 - Licence, fees and penalties
420
572
Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000 - fees
30
30
Wildlife protection - Export/import fees
390
390
Great Barrier Reef environmental management charge
6,700
6,700
Total non-appropriation administered revenue
10,736
8,205
     
TOTAL ESTIMATED REVENUE
39,301
28,242
(1) Includes revenue from other sources provided from the Natural Heritage Trust and National Action Plan
(2) The Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology became a Prescribed Agency under the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 on 12 September 2002 and now reports as an agency in its own right in these Portfolio Budget Statements. Prior to becoming a Prescribed Agency, the Bureau reported as Outcome 2 under the Department of the Environment and Heritage. The 2002-03 Departmental and Administered figures include revenue for the period 1 July up to 12 September 2002 for the Bureau. Departmental and Administered revenue for the Bureau for the remainder of 2002-03 and 2003-04 is shown under Table 1.3 Part C Section 1 of the Bureau's Budget Statements.

TABLE 1.4 - Estimates of Expenses from Special Appropriations
   
2002-2003
2003-2004
 
Outcome
Estimated
Estimated
 
Affected
Expense
Expense
   
$'000
$'000
DEPARTMENTAL SPECIAL APPROPRIATIONS      
Diesel National Environment Protection Measure (NEPM)
1
5,000
4,100
Oil Recycling - transitional assistance
1
10,000
6,400
SUB-TOTAL  
15,000
10,500
       
ADMINISTERED SPECIAL APPROPRIATIONS      
Ozone Protection Act 1989 - Payments to the Ozone Protection Trust Fund
1
412
746
Natural Heritage Trust Interest
1
48,940
19,097
SUB-TOTAL  
49,352
19,843
       
TOTAL ESTIMATED EXPENSE  
64,352
30,343

TABLE 1.5 - ESTIMATES OF SPECIAL ACCOUNT FLOWS AND BALANCES
Department of the Environment and Heritage
Estimate - 2003-04, Heavy Figures
Estimated Actual - 2002-03, Light figures
   
Opening
Appropriation
Other
Expenses
Closing
   
Balance
Receipts
Receipts (3)
(1) (2)
Balance
   
2003-04
2003-04
2003-04
2003-04
2003-04
 
Notes
2002-03
2002-03
2002-03
2002-03
2002-03
   
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
             
NATURAL HERITAGE TRUST OF AUSTRALIA - Natural Heritage Trust of Australia Act 1997, Section 4
(1), (3)
412,698
153,874
2,000
250,000
318,572
 
611,741
48,957
2,000
250,000
412,698
OZONE PROTECTION RESERVE - Ozone Protection Act 1989, Section 65B
(1)
1,749
572
746
1,575
1,741
420
412
1,749
NATIONAL CULTURAL HERITAGE ACCOUNT - Protection of Moveable Cultural Heritage Act 1986, Section 25
(1)
192
175
0
175
192
 
192
308
0
308
192
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION COUNCIL FUND TRUST ACCOUNT* - Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997, Section 20
24
0
0
0
24
 
24
0
0
0
24
ENVIRONMENT - SERVICES FOR OTHER GOVERNMENTS AND NON-AGENCY BODIES RESERVE* - Financial
(2), (3)
2,696
0
5,073
5,563
2,206
Management and Accountability Act 1997, Section 20
3,186
0
5,073
5,563
2,696
OTHER TRUST MONEYS RESERVE* - Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997, Section 20
(2), (3)
64
0
77
77
64
   
64
0
77
77
64
TOTAL SPECIAL ACCOUNTS   
417,423
154,049
7,722
256,561
322,633
 
616,948
49,265
7,570
256,360
417,423
(1) Estimates make provision for amounts accrued
(2) Estimates based on actual payments
(3) Estimates based on actual refunded NHT grants and actual receipts
* Special Public Monies Special Accounts The National Action Plan is administered by the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry-Australia and therefore is not included in the above table

ADMINISTERED CAPITAL AND DEPARTMENTAL EQUITY INJECTIONS AND LOANS

ADMINISTERED CAPITAL

The Department of the Environment and Heritage will not receive any administered capital in 2003-04.

EQUITY INJECTIONS AND LOANS

The Department of the Environment and Heritage will receive a departmental equity injection of $2.224 million in 2003-04 representing supplementation provided to Outcome 2 -Antarctic for the increase in the 2002-03 Comcover Premium.