Atmosphere

Review of data on heavy metals in ambient air in Australia

Technical Report No. 3
Environment Australia, May 2002
ISBN 0 6425 4781 5

Appendix A: Estimated emissions of metals (kg/y) by NPI facility type for 1998 to 1999

  Sb & cmpds As & cmpds Be & compds Cd & cmpds Cr(III) compds Cr(VI) cmpds Co & compds Cu & compds Pb & compds MgO
fume
Mn & compds Hg & compds Ni & cmpds Nickel carbonyl Ni3S4 Se & compds Zn & cmpds
Black coal mining   3.22 x 102 1.59 8.83 x 10-1 4.29 x 101 1.96 x 103 4.54 x 102 4.64 x 101 1.05 x 103     9.33 x 10-1 4.55 x 101        
Brown coal mining   1.40 x 101   2.20   4.95 x 101 1.60 x 101   3.00 x 101     5.00 x 10-1          
Oil and gas extraction   1.07   5.10   3.04 x 10-1   1.51 x 10-1 1.51     1.22 4.46        
Iron ore mining   7.69 x 102   1.07 x 102     4.78 x 102   4.15 x 102     6.08 x 10-1 3.53     8.03 x 101  
Bauxite mining   2.17 x 102   5.00   6.00 3.00   8.10 x 101     1.50          
Copper ore mining   6.70 x 104   2.90   1.72 x 101 1.80 x 102   3.07     2.00          
Gold ore mining   1.26 x 104   9.89   1.27 x 103 1.06 x 103   2.21 x 103     5.81 6.90 x 10-1        
Nickel ore mining   1.43 x 102   9.95     4.78 x 102   5.99 x 102     5.90 x 101          
Silver-lead-zinc ore mining   3.09 x 103   2.81 x 102   1.26 x 102 1.11 x 103   1.89 x 104     4.92 x 101         3.01 x 103
Metal ore mining   3.93 x 102 7.61 x 101 6.02   2.63 x 103 3.46 7.99 x 102 2.41 x 103   3.43 x 105 2.01 6.58 x 103       8.00
Mining           3.95 x 101                      
Bread manufacturing   1.16 x 10-2   6.40 x 10-2 8.60 x 10-2       3.00 x 10-2     1.60 x 10-2 1.22 x 10-1        
Sugar manufacturing   1.90 x 10-5 1.50 x 10-5 1.50 x 10-5 1.50 x 10-5     2.90 x 10-5 2.00 x 101     1.50 x 10-5 1.50 x 10-5        
Food manufacturing   1.45 x 10-2   8.16 x 10-2   9.97 x 10-2     3.63 x 10-2     1.90 x 10-2          
Beer & malt manufacturing   5.41 x 101   5.20   7.99 x 10-1     2.35 x 102     4.53 x 10-1 1.16        
Plywood and veneer manufacturing   1.40 x 10-1   4.00 x 10-2   8.00 x 10-2     5.00     1.00 x 10-1          
Pulp, paper and paperboard manufacturing   5.29 x 101 6.65 x 10-3 1.62 x 101   7.72 4.55 x 10-2 4.90 x 10-1 7.85 x 101   2.13 x 10-1 1.16 x 101 1.12 x 101     1.33 x 10-2 1.61 x 101
Corrugated paperboard container manufacturing   2.36 x 10-1   9.95 x 10-1   3.78 x 10-1     5.03     2.45 x 10-1          
Paper product manufacturing   9.93   1.91   2.55 x 10-1     1.03 x 101     2.27          
Paper stationery manufacturing   1.14   8.30 x 10-1   1.26     3.70 x 101     1.94 x 10-1 1.91       1.57
Petroleum refining   4.84 x 101   1.71 x 102 5.98 x 102 7.40 7.04 x 101 8.98 x 101 7.61 x 102     1.38 x 102 4.85 x 102        
Organic industrial chemical manufacturing   6.04 x 101 2.00 8.33 1.50 x 101 5.75 4.00 2.00 1.85 x 101 4.54 x 102 1.00 2.35 x 102 1.72 x 101     5.40 x 101  
Inorganic industrial chemical manufacturing   4.90 x 101 1.00 x 10-3 6.20 x 10-2 3.80 x 10-2 3.80 x 10-2 5.00 x 10-3 2.24 x 102 4.77 x 10-1   3.00 1.50 x 10-2 1.18 x 10-1       2.59 x 101
Paint manufacturing           1.50 x 101     6.00                
Medicinal and pharmaceutical product manufacturing   4.10 x 10-1   1.60 x 10-1   1.20 x 10-1     4.30 x 10-1     5.00 x 10-2 2.25 x 101        
Chemical product manufacturing                 5.00 x 10-2                
Glass and glass product manufacturing   1.77 x 102   2.52 x 101   1.68 x 10-1     1.07 x 103     5.06   1.66 x 10-1 1.66 x 10-1    
Clay brick manufacturing   1.11 x 103   1.92 x 101   2.83 x 101     1.88 x 102     1.81 x 101 2.27 x 101 3.80      
Ceramic product manufacturing       1.50 x 10-1   1.80 x 10-1     1.00 x 10-1     5.00 x 10-2   5.00 x 10-2      
Ceramic tile and pipe manufacturing   1.56 x 101   1.01   2.17     1.01 x 101     5.00 x 10-1          
Basic iron and steel manufacturing   2.70 x 101         3.40 x 101   1.70 x 101                
Iron and steel casting and forging           6.00     6.17 x 101     1.20 x 101          
Steel pipe and tube manufacturing   3.78 x 101   8.92 x 10-1   6.87 x 102     7.68 x 101     2.08 x 10-1          
Alumina production   7.35 x 102   8.97 x 101   7.19 x 101 9.00   4.24 x 102     6.92 x 102          
Basic non-ferrous metal manufacturing   9.73 x 101       1.88 x 103 9.40 x 102   4.87 x 101                
Non-ferrous metal casting   5.59   1.43   1.44     2.21 x 101     1.40          
Electricity supply 1.94 2.90 x 103 9.97 x 10-2 5.72 x 102 2.87 x 101 1.04 x 103 2.94 x 103 1.22 x 102 9.01 x 103 1.95 x 101 3.23 x 101 9.63 x 102 1.08 x 103 6.00 x 10-3   6.47 x 10-1 2.37 x 102
Sewerage and drainage services 2.00 3.11 x 101 1.80 1.95 x 101 1.68 x 101 2.46 x 102 4.51 x 101 4.80 x 101 1.28 x 102 1.68 x 102 1.10 x 101 2.86 1.00 x 101     2.00 x 10-1  
Road and bridge construction   4.00 x 10-1   1.00 x 10-1   1.00 x 10-1     4.00 x 10-1                
Petroleum product wholesaling   2.52   2.20   5.98 x 10-3     6.65 x 102     5.00 x 10-1 6.14 x 102        
Rail transport   2.24 x 10-1   1.83 x 10-2         9.25 x 101                
Water transport terminals   4.87 x 10-3             2.07                
Port operators           1.81 x 101     5.17                
Hospitals (except psychiatric hospitals) 2.24 1.29 x 10-1 6.51 x 10-2 1.04 1.99 x 10-1 2.04 x 10-2 1.18 x 10-3 2.33 1.29 x 101   2.33 x 10-1 1.89 x 101 1.98 x 10-1     3.20 x 10-1 5.02 x 10-1
Laundries and dry-cleaners   2.08 x 10-3   1.17 x 10-2   4.00 x 10-3 8.40 x 10-4   5.20 x 10-3     2.70 x 10-3 2.21 x 10-2       3.20 x 10-1
Waste disposal services       5.30         8.40 x 101     5.30          

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