Atmosphere

Review of data on heavy metals in ambient air in Australia

Technical Report No. 3
Environment Australia, May 2002
ISBN 0 6425 4781 5

Appendix C: Estimated heavy metal emissions (kg/y) from NPI area-based sources

Source Sb & cmpds As & cmpds Be & compds Cd & cmpds Cr(III) compds qCr(VI) cmpds Co & compds Cu & compds Pb & compds Mn & compds Hg & compds Ni & cmpds Se & compds Zn & cmpds
Aeroplanes   1.30 x 103   1.30 x 102   1.30 x 103     4.00 x 103     1.30 x 102    
Backyard incinerators   2.13 x 101   1.92 x 101 2.17 x 10-1 2.61 x 101     2.43 x 101 2.93 x 102   2.93 x 102    
Bakeries         9.52 x 10-2 3.94 x 10-2 4.89 x 10-1 1.22 x 10-2 1.22 x 10-2 1.22 x 10-2   1.34 x 10-1 1.34 x 10-1 1.34 x 10-1
Barbeques 5.21 x 10-2 7.80 x 10-1 2.48 x 10-2 9.59 x 10-1 1.45 x 10-2 6.33 x 10-3 8.66 x 10-3   3.75 5.84 1.04 x 10-2 2.08 x 10-2 1.13 x 10-1 6.41
Burning/wildfires 2.83 x 102 3.32 x 101   2.31 x 102 4.48 x 101 5.37 x 101 1.40 x 101 1.15 x 102 6.23 x 102 1.64 x 103 4.96 x 101 4.31 x 101 2.42 x 101 1.12 x 104
Cement   1.40   1.90 x 10-1   2.00 x 10-1     1.70   2.20      
Cigarettes       2.77         1.40 x 10-1     1.00 x 10-1    
Commercial shipping/boating 1.72 3.51 x 101 6.29 3.00 9.56 x 10-1 1.29 x 101 1.97 1.79 x 101 4.15 x 102 1.54 2.88 2.39 x 103 3.70 1.71 x 101
Crematoria       1.55 x 10-2         7.50 x 101   1.18 x 10-1      
Dry cleaning   1.50 x 10-5   8.60 x 10-6   1.00 x 10-4     3.80 x 10-5   2.00 x 10-5      
Electroplating           4.10 x 101   2.60           9.20 x 102
Food, beverage and tobacco   3.00 x 101   2.70   7.90 1.20 6.90 x 10-1 3.00 x 101   4.50      
Fuel combustion - sub reporting threshold facilities 5.20 x 101 2.04 x 102 5.00 x 101 4.88 x 101 1.80 2.24 8.30 x 101 1.10 1.30 x 103 2.10 x 101 1.60 x 102 4.73 x 103 1.60 x 101 1.70 x 101
Gaseous fuel burning (domestic)   7.30     5.61 x 10-1 3.52 x 101 2.90 7.25 x 10-2 8.77 1.21 x 101   1.21 x 102 7.98 x 10-1 7.98 x 10-1
Glass   3.50 x 101   4.40 x 101   7.00 x 102   1.80 x 102 2.10 x 103   7.00 x 102     2.60 x 103
Health services   1.10   1.80 x 10-1   1.60 x 10-1 2.60 x 10-1   1.20   3.50 x 10-1      
Landfill                     9.24 x 10-2      
Lawn mowing   3.60 x 10-1   8.00 1.15 1.98 x 102 1.45 x 102 5.47 x 101 2.77 x 103 1.10 x 102 3.00 1.09 x 102   5.47 x 101
Liquid fuel burning (domestic) 3.70 3.14 2.00 x 10-2 5.90 4.80 x 10-1 3.12 x 101 4.30 1.20 5.81 9.62 1.68 6.96 x 101 4.80 x 10-1 2.10 x 101
Motor vehicle refinishing         2.23 x 10-2 9.23 x 10-3 1.14 x 10-1 2.86 x 10-3 2.86 x 10-3 2.86 x 10-3   3.14 x 10-2 3.14 x 10-2 3.14 x 10-2
Motor vehicles   7.90       4.10 x 102     4.49 x 105 1.10 x 103 6.60 x 101 2.10 x 102    
Non-ferrous foundries               1.40            
Paved/unpaved roads 1.30 x 101 2.10 x 101   1.90 x 101     1.20 x 102 1.60 x 102 9.50 x 102 7.90 x 102 1.60 x 101 6.80 x 101 2.00 9.40 x 102
Petroleum and coal product manufacturing         1.59 x 10-1 6.60 x 10-2 8.17 x 10-1 2.04 x 10-2 2.04 x 10-2 2.04 x 10-2   2.25 x 10-1 2.25 x 10-1 2.25 x 10-1
Pulp and paper   1.20 x 10-1   5.90   3.00 x 101   1.60 x 10-2 4.80 x 101   1.00 x 101      
Railways 2.71 5.89 x 10-2   1.36   1.79 x 10-1 1.15 x 10-1 5.84 x 10-1 5.89 x 10-1 4.52 x 10-1 4.94 x 10-1 2.94 x 10-1 7.82 x 10-2 7.82
Recreational boating 1.83 x 10-1 2.17 x 10-1 6.79 x 10-1 7.69 x 10-1 4.79 3.09 6.84 8.63 5.02 x 102 7.81 3.26 x 10-1 2.32 x 101 4.09 x 10-1 8.52
Service stations                 1.40 x 105          
Solid fuel burning (domestic) 2.29 x 101 2.98 x 101 4.80 3.04 x 101 8.83 x 10-3 1.10 x 102 3.73   1.50 x 102 2.16 x 102 5.20 x 10-1 5.43 9.03 3.31 x 105
Structural metal product manufacturing   3.42 x 10-1     1.79   1.71 x 10-1 3.63 2.45 x 10-1     1.13   2.74 x 10-1
Timber and wood   2.60   5.80 x 10-1   1.70   1.10 x 101 9.00          
Total 3.79 x 102 1.73 x 103 6.18 x 101 5.55 x 102 5.69 x 101 2.96 x 103 3.85 x 102 5.58 x 102 6.02 x 105 4.21 x 103 1.02 x 103 8.19 x 103 5.72 x 101 3.47 x 105

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