Atmosphere

Review of data on heavy metals in ambient air in Australia

Technical Report No. 3
Environment Australia, May 2002
ISBN 0 6425 4781 5

Appendix E: Minimum method detection limits (ng/m3) of metals determined in filter samples using different analytical methods (US EPA, 1999b)

Species Minimum Detection Limits (ng/m3) for the Different Analytical Methods
FAAS1 GFAAS2 XRF3 ICP-AES4 ICP-MS5 PIXE6 NAA7
Ag 0.40 0.005 6.02 1.0 0.01 165.8 0.04
Al 4.40 0.01 5.29 13.5 0.01 16.25 5.00
As 100.0 0.20 0.24 5.5 0.30 5.42 0.09
Au 21.00 0.10 0.51 1.9 NA 14.44 0.09
Ba 1.80 0.04 15.59 0.7 0.10 22.57 2.30
Be 2.00 0.05 NA 0.4 0.02 NA NA
Bi 5.50 NA NA 227 NA 16.85 NA
Ca 0.10 0.05 2.71 22.7 NA 8.12 23.10
Cd 0.20 0.0003 6.62 1.1 0.02 201.6 4.20
Ce NA NA NA 10.6 NA 18.06 9.20
Co 2.20 0.02 0.12 3.3 0.01 2.37 0.40
Cr 0.70 0.01 0.90 2.6 0.01 3.91 0.90
Cs NA NA 14.62 NA NA 25.28 0.02
Cu 0.40 0.02 0.21 2.2 0.01 2.71 0.90
Fe 1.10 0.02 0.21 7.5 0.01 2.71 4.60
Ga NA NA 0.48 42.0 NA 3.61 9.20
Ge NA NA 0.33 17.5 NA 4.21 NA
Hf 2000 NA NA 16.0 NA 10.53 3.20
Hg NA 21.00 0.45 12.1 NA 14.44 0.90
In 4.40 NA 6.00 18.5 NA 239.0 0.01
Ir NA NA NA NA NA 12.34 0.01
K 0.40 0.02 1.89 45.1 NA 9.93 0.90
La 2000 NA 2.12 1.5 NA 20.76 0.20
Mg 0.10 0.004 0.96 5.3 0.02 18.66 231.0
Mn 0.40 0.01 0.24 0.9 0.02 3.01 0.02
Mo 31.00 0.02 0.48 1.9 0.02 57.17 0.05
Na 0.10 0.01 1.59 NA NA 28.28 0.20
Nb NA NA NA 2.4 NA 43.63 NA
Ni 1.10 0.10 0.18 3.1 0.02 2.37 NA
Os NA NA NA NA NA 12.94 NA
Pb 2.20 0.05 0.45 7.0 0.01 16.85 NA
Pd 10.00 NA 6.89 42.0 NA 134.2 0.09
Pt NA NA NA 23.5 NA 13.54 1.80
Rb 0.40 NA 0.21 NA NA 17.75 18.50
Re NA NA NA 33.0 NA 13.24 0.20
Rh NA NA 7.79 440.0 NA 104.7 0.10
Ru NA NA NA 41.1 NA 89.37 0.90
Sb 31.00 0.20 9.45 5.5 0.01 376.2 0.40
Sc 50.00 NA 0.45 0.06 NA 7.82 0.09
Se 100.0 0.50 0.21 34.3 1.10 6.32 0.09
Si 85.00 0.10 2.41 37.8 NA 14.14 NA
Sn 31.00 0.20 9.18 9.2 0.01 272.6 9.20
Sr 0.40 0.20 0.33 0.2 NA 23.17 0.40
Ta 2000 NA NA 52.1 NA 10.83 4.20
Te NA NA 7.91 4.6 NA 30.99 4.60
Ti 95.00 NA 2.00 0.7 0.01 6.62 4.60
Tl 2.20 0.10 5.08 33.4 0.01 16.55 NA
U 25000 NA 1.00 21.0 0.01 43.94 0.20
V 8.80 0.20 1.59 1.5 0.01 5.42 0.04
W 1000 NA 10.23 12.5 0.01 12.04 0.09
Y 300.0 NA 0.36 0.9 0.01 28.59 0.20
Zn 0.20 0.00 0.30 26.4 0.04 3.61 9.20
Zr 1000 NA 0.36 1.8 NA 35.51 9.20

Notes:
1 FAAS – Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: based on a sampling rate of 1.13 m3/min for 24 hours.
2 GFAAS – Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: based on a sampling rate of 1.13 m3/min for 24 hours.
3 XRF – X-ray Fluorescence spectroscopy: based on sampling for 24 h, on a Teflon filter, at a sampling rate of 0.90 m3/h.
4 ICP-AES – Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy: based on a sampling rate of 1.13 m3/min for 24 hours for a total sample volume of 1730 m3.
5 ICP-MS – Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry: based on a sampling rate of 1.13 m3/min for 24 hours for a total volume of 1630 m3.
6 PIXE – Particle Induced X-ray Emission spectroscopy: based on sampling for 24 hours, on a Teflon filter, at a sampling rate of 0.90 m3/h.
7 NAA – Neutron Activation Analysis: based on sampling for 24 hours, on a Teflon filter, at a sampling rate of 0.90 m3/h.

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