Atmosphere

Review of data on heavy metals in ambient air in Australia

Technical Report No. 3
Environment Australia, May 2002
ISBN 0 6425 4781 5

Appendix G: Summary of metals studies in Australia 1990–2000

Study Sites Period Metals Studied Particles Sampler Frequency Duration Preparation Analyses Reference
SA EPA Northfield, Thebarton, Whyalla Norrie, Whyalla 1990-1994 Zn, Fe, Pb TSP Hivol 6-day cycle 24 h Acid Digestion AAS SA EPA
Melbourne Aerosol Study Footscray, Alphington Apr. 1990
Feb. 1991
As, Ba, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mn, Ni, Pb, Si, Sr, Ti, Zn PM2.5 CSIRO-Low volume Periods of low visibility (events) 8 h None PIXE Gras et al , 1992
South-East Freeway Study South East Arterial Freeway Apr.-Jul., 1994 Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Pb PM10
PM2.5
Dichot 6-day cycle & days of low visibility 24 h None PIXE VicRoads/EPA, 1994 (unpublished)
ASP Study Lucas Heights, Pyrmont, Rozelle, Muswellbrook, Lidcombe, Campbelltown, Albion Park, Warrawong, Bellambi Point,Tomago, Blackheath, Oberon, Wilton, Mudgee, Putty, Macquarie University, Richmond, Moss Vale, Crookwell, Badgerys Creek, Cullen Bullen, Mascot, Doyalson, Cape Grimm Jan. 1992-
Jun. 1993
Na, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb PM2.5 ANSTO ASP Wed & Sun 24 h None PIXE ERDC, 1995
Perth Haze Study Caversham, Swanbourne, Duncraig 1994- 1995 Na, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Pb PM2.5
PM10
CSIRO-Low volume 6-day cycle +events 24h
12h
None PIXE Gras, 1996
Brisbane Aerosols Griffith University, Pinkenba, Woolloongabba, Rocklea, Darra 1993-1994 Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe, Zn, Pb PM2.5-PM10
PM10
Dichot
Hivol
various   None PIXE Chan et al., 1997
Brisbane ultra-fine particles Brisbane Jan. 1996 Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Co, Cu, Zn, Cd, Sb, Ba, Pb Ultra-fine particles SMPS various 15 mins Microwave Acid Digestion ICP-MS Morawska et al., 1996a,b
Australian Fine Particle Study Melbourne: Footscray
Sydney: Liverpool
Brisbane: Rocklea
Adelaide: Thebarton
Launceston: Ti Tree Bend
Canberra: Monash
Aug. 1996 - Dec. 1997 Na, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Pb TSP, PM10, PM2.5, PM1 MOUDI
ANSTO SFU
ANSTO ASP
Solar-Vol-1100
6-day cycle 24h None PIXE Ayers et al., 1998
Charles Point Coarse & Fine Particles Study NT: Charles Point July 1993 - Mar 1996 Mg, Al, Si, K, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Zr, Pb P2.5
PM2.5-PM10
SFU Sampler 3- followed by 4- day cycles 72 h None PIXE Ayers & Gillet, (CSIRO), Parry, (NTU), Ataxo (Brazil)
Queensland Particle Study Brisbane CBD (QUT), Rocklea April 1995- June 2000 Na, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Pb PM2.5 ANSTO ASP Wed & Sun 24h None PIXE Qld EPA
McArthur River Mine Study NT: McArthur River Mine Nov. 1992-
Sept. 1997
Zn and stable Pb-isotopes TSP Deposition 18 sites 1-6 months Acid Digestion ICP-AES
GFAAS, ICP-MS
Munksgaard and Parry, 1998
Port Pirie Pb-Zn Smelter Study SA: downwind of Pb-Zn smelter in Port Pirie Aug. 1997 - Mar. 1998 Pb, Zn, Fe, Cu, As, Cd TSP Deposition 10 events 1-3 h Acid digestion ICP-AES
ICP-MS
van Alphen, 1999

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