Publications archive - Biodiversity
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Environment Australia, 2001
Flinders Island is the largest island in the Furneaux Group, situated at the eastern end of Bass Strait. The island is approximately 65 km from north to south and 40 km east to west. The highest point, the Strzelecki Peaks 782m, lies in the south western corner of the island. There are a series of wetlands and lagoons along the flatter east coast region.
The island has a maritime climate with an average annual precipitation of 600-800 mm falling mainly between May and August. The average temperature is 17.6°C, ranging from a mean 13.6°C in the coldest months to 21.4°C in the warmest months.
Pigs became feral on Flinders Island in the 1800s after being released by sealers and following the ship wreck of the City of Foo Chow in 1877. This original stock was supplemented by animals which escaped, or were released, in the 1970s. Currently their main distribution covers the Strzelecki National Park area in the southwest corner of the island, and through the wetlands along the east coast.
In these areas 28 species of vascular plants are listed under the Tasmanian Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 and several species of fauna are listed under that act and/or the Commonwealth's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Bryant and Jackson 1999; Threatened Species Unit, 2001).