Biodiversity publications archive

Refugia for biological diversity in arid and semi-arid Australia

Biodiversity Series, Paper No. 4
S.R. Morton, J. Short and R.D. Barker, with an Appendix by G.F. Griffin and G. Pearce
Biodiversity Unit
Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, 1995

14. Refugia in New South Wales

14.1. Reference number NSW1

Refuge area: Peery Springs

Biogeographic region: Mulga Lands

Type of refuge: Mound spring

Lat./Long. 30°43’S / 143°33’E

Quality of refuge: Significant (2)

Area (km²): <100

Chief refuge value

A mound spring which remains active in a part of the Great Artesian Basin where most springs have dried up.

General description

An isolated pair of mound springs on the fringe of Peery Lake1. Of approximately 45 mound springs in New South Wales, this is the only actively-flowing example1.

ANZECC-listed species

The salt pipewort Eriocaulon carsonii1.

Regional endemics

None identified.

Relict species

Apart from the pipewort, none identified.

Other significant species

Other plants include Cyperus gymnocaulos, C. laevigatus, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Heliotropium curassavicum, Myoporum deserti, Schoenoplectus pungens, Sclerostegia sp., and Utricularia sp.1.

Key threats

Damage by grazing animals, and failure of the spring due to drawdown.

Land tenure

Pastoral lease.

Key references

1. Pickard (1992)