Reimbursing the future: an evaluation of motivational, voluntary, price-based, property-right, and regulatory incentives for the conservation of biodiversity
Biodiversity Series, Paper No. 9
M.D. Young, N. Gunningham, J. Elix, J. Lambert, B. Howard, P. Grabosky and E. McCrone
CSIRO Division of Wildlife and Ecology, the Australian Centre for Environmental Law, and Community Solutions
Biodiversity Unit, Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, 1996
ISBN 0 642 24429 4
Commissioned by the Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, this report provides guidance on the use of incentive instruments and mechanisms designed to promote the conservation of biodiversity and encourage its ecologically sustainable use. Over 400 people throughout Australia and overseas contributed to this report. They did this by attending a series of consultations and workshops, sending information and making submissions. We have been impressed by the importance that people place on the maintenance of biodiversity and the prevention of further loss of this valuable national asset. We thank them for their contributions and recommend that copies of this report be made available to them. Their names are listed in Appendices 3.2 and 3.3.
Following the commencement of the project in the middle of 1994, we began with a series of Steering Committee meetings. In April 1995, the project was expanded to include ecotourism. This required considerable rescheduling of the work plan but added depth and breadth to the study. Throughout the project, the Steering Committee was ably chaired by Andreas Glanznig. Andreas has worked hard within the difficult time line set for the project. The project team take this opportunity to thank him. Throughout the project the Steering Committee, that comprised Andreas Glanznig, Jim Crosthwaite, Kathryn Maxwell and Gene McGlynn, has had a major influence on our deliberations. They have kept us focussed and provided us with access to much of the information required for this study. We also acknowledge the assistance of Carl Binning who kept us in close association with and enabled us to share some of our work with the OECD.
The project included a series of consultation forums across Australia. Publicising these forums, ensuring that the relevant people attended, and that the facilities at each location were appropriate was a difficult task. These arrangements were undertaken by Heather Pearce. The project team and Community Solutions in particular would like to thank her for her excellent contributions.
This report was prepared by a team comprising people from the CSIRO Division of Wildlife and Ecology, the Australian Centre for Environmental Law and Community Solutions. Apart from those listed as authors we particularly acknowledge the contribution made by Tim Clairs who prepared the first draft of our Rangeland Case Study and collated the literature summarised in Appendix 1. The number of responses we received to our initial literature research was daunting. It was Tim who sorted this material into a coherent framework. Thanks are also due to Dimity Evans for her efforts in attending to the details associated with preparation of a report of this nature.
Many people contributed information to this project, drew information to our attention and responded to our requests. A number also commented on drafts of various chapters. In particular, we would like to thank John Bowers, David Farrier and John Bradsen for extensive critiques of our early thoughts. Finally, we thank Sally Driml, Penny van Oosterzee and Heather Lynch who prepared the ecotourism case studies. The ecotourism, agriculture, rangelands and fishery case studies are rich in detail and provide information worthy of examination in their own right. We commend them to readers, especially those who have a close association with the use of natural resources and the maintenance of biodiversity in the Western Australian wheatbelt, the Macquarie Marshes, Australia's Eastern Rangelands, the fishing areas of the coast of New South Wales, Kangaroo Island, the Wet Tropics in Queensland and the Top End of Australia.