Department of the Environment

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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Coastal Tourism - A Manual for Sustainable Development

Based on a draft paper prepared by Southern Cross University
Portfolio Marine Group, Environment Australia, 1997
ISBN 0 642 27129 1

Part 3 - Case studies

This part of the manual describes examples of coastal tourism developments that illustrate various aspects of sustainable development. Not all of the case studies are examples of all aspects of best practice and, in fact, some operations are in the early stages of adopting measures to improve environmental performance. However, they illustrate some useful environmental management and planning considerations or issues that can be applied to other tourism developments facing similar environmental problems.

Aanuka Beach Resort


Coffs Harbour, New South Wales


Aanuka Beach Resort - 48 rooms
Aanuka Beach Village - village facilities and strata-title villa units

Key features of this development

Environmentally sensitive design
Best practice construction methods and materials
Environmental policy
Staff training
Water and energy conservation
Environmental monitoring and auditing

The resort and village have been designed as an open-space, low-density and environmentally sensitive development, with buildings blending into the naturally landscaped setting. Although located on the beach front, there is a vegetated buffer between the beach and the resort, and public access to the coast is not restricted in front of the resort.

The importance of adopting appropriate and sustainable construction methods and materials involved consultation before engaging contractors. Contracted construction companies were required to agree to a bond of $3000 for any serious damage to trees on site.

The resort has a documented environmental policy which addresses issues and procedures for recycling and waste management, energy and water conservation, and landscaping and protecting the natural environment.

Construction and maintenance personnel and all new resort staff receive a briefing and training session to ensure that they understand the environmental management procedures (such as recycling practices) that are adopted, and they must comply with these procedures to continue their employment with the resort.

The operation of the resort and village incorporates water and energy conservation principles. The use of dual flushing toilets, low-flow shower roses and low-energy lights has contributed to financial savings in business operations and management. The resort provides laundry facilities to decrease excessive washing of towels and so on by guests, and provides preferred cleaning and washing products (which have been investigated in terms of environmental criteria) for private use in rooms.

Aanuka Beach Resort carries out environmental monitoring and auditing, initially to ensure compliance with the Coffs City Council Clean Water Act (which requires conformity to specified grease and chemical levels) and, secondly, to provide feedback about how to improve daily operations.

While there are no formal visitor education programs available, staff are willing to talk to guests about practices and procedures which are designed to improve environmental performance.

Aanuka Beach Resort shows that it is important to:


The Manager
Phone: (066) 527 555; Fax: (066) 527 053