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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Our Sea, Our Future
Major findings of the State of the Marine Environment Report for Australia

Compiled by Leon P. Zann
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville Queensland

Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, Canberra (1995)
ISBN 0 642 17391 5

8. Future directions in marine environmental management - continued

Integrated planning in the coastal zone: recommendations of the coastal zone inquiry

Figure 153

Figure 153: The lack of integrated management of the coastal zone has been highlighted in many Government inquiries.

Almost sixty government reports and inquiries on Australia's coastal zone have been undertaken since 1960, reflecting the continuing crisis in coastal management in this country. The Resource Assessment Commission (RAC) Coastal Zone Inquiry (1993) made many recommendations on management of the coast.(62),(91)

Principal Aims for National Coastal Action Program proposed by RAC

The major recommendation was that a National Coastal Action Program for the management of the resources of Australia's coastal zone be adopted by the Council of Australian Governments. This Plan would be implemented by the three spheres of government in consultation with community and industry groups that have responsibility for and interests in coastal zone management.(62),(91)

At the time of writing, the Commonwealth response to the RAC Report was being finalised following discussions held with State and Local Governments.

Integrated Catchment Management

Catchment management programs to reduce soil erosion are underway throughout Australia (e.g. the Total Catchment Management program in New South Wales; Integrated Catchment Management programs in Queensland, Victoria and Western Australia). The programs involve local land holders, Local Government and State organisations and include strategies such as minimum tillage, control of stocking rates, contour cultivation, improved fertiliser management, revegetation of stream banks, buffer strips along stream banks, control of road side erosion, sewerage system upgrades, preservation of wetlands as sediment and nutrient 'traps', and reduction of erosion during urban development.(42) The RAC Report suggests a 'Coastcare' program similar to Landcare be developed for coastal areas to complement the catchment activities(91).

Figure 154

Figure 154: Land, rivers and sea benefit form integrated catchment management. This graphic describes a Queensland research program aimed at reducing nutrient loss from land.