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Publications archive - International Activities and Commitments

Disclaimer

Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Australia's report to the UNCSD - 1995

Implementation of Agenda 21
Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, 1995
ISBN 0 6444 3152 0

Case study - The Australian wheat industry

The wheat industry is Australia's third largest agricultural export earner, accounting for around 10 per cent of the world wheat trade. Through a strong government-industry cooperative effort, significant changes in the wheat industry have been made over the past five years to foster a more market driven culture and reduce government involvement in the industry. 1989 was a turning point, with deregulation of the domestic market, repeal of the home consumption wheat price and removal of the guaranteed minimum price for wheat. This has enabled farmers to respond more flexibly to market signals to determine their mix of crops. A further consequence has been a general shift by farmers towards minimum/no tillage systems because of both environmental benefits and cost effectiveness.

The operations of the Australian Wheat Board (AWB), which handles the international marketing of Australian wheat, were also placed on a more commercial footing, including giving the AWB responsibility to manage a grower funded capital base, the Wheat Industry Fund. Further changes in 1992 provided the AWB with increased flexibility to invest funds from the Wheat Industry Fund in value adding activities. The peak grower body, the Grains Council of Australia, has taken a major leadership role in future reforms to the industry, in particular, by encouraging a process of strategic planning that actively involves all segments of the industry.