Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.
Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.
Implementation of Agenda 21
Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, 1996
ISBN 0 6422 4868 0
Case Study - Oceans
Guiding principles for the sustainable management of coastal resources
Key guiding principles for sustainable management of coastal resources include the following.
- The economic, environmental, social and cultural values of coastal zone resources should be identified and the impacts of uses on those values should be determined as far as practicable before decisions are made.
Application of the precautionary approach
- The absence of scientific certainty should not be a reason for postponing measures to prevent or mitigate negative impacts on marine and coastal environments.
Equitable resource allocation
- Prices charged for access to coastal resources should reflect all short-term and long-term economic, environmental and social costs associated with use of those resources and coastal resources should be allocated to the use with the greatest long-term community benefit.
- Biological diversity and the biological processes on which it relies should be maintained.
- Natural physical processes should be safeguarded and every attempt made to limit and mitigate adverse impacts on coastal and marine environments from development and other human activities.
Open and effective community participation
- Processes for deciding about coastal zone management should be open and publicly documented to allow for scrutiny.
- Local communities, including local industries, should be encouraged to share direct responsibility for management of local coastal areas and to participate in the development and implementation of management strategies.
- Indigenous peoples should be involved in the management of marine and coastal resources in which they have traditional or cultural interests, and their rights to hunt, gather and fish, should be recognised, consistent with conservation objectives.
Source: 'Living on the Coast: The Commonwealth Coastal Policy'