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Publications archive - International Activities and Commitments


Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Compact Fluorescent Lamps fact sheet cover

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Compact Fluorescent Lamps

Australian Greenhouse Office

PDF file

The Goal

To reduce greenhouse gas and waste resulting from lighting by delivering higher quality and lower cost Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) lighting products to consumers worldwide.

The Challenge

Electricity for lighting an average Australian home generates about 2/3 of a tonne (and rising) of greenhouse gas each year.

CFLs are the most energy efficient form of lighting in households. A 100W traditional incandescent bulb is likely to last around 1000 hours, whereas a 20W CFL bulb lasts around 8000 hours and uses 75 per cent less energy, reducing waste by using less bulbs.

The challenge is to maximise use of CFLs in homes, through improving their efficiency, availability and affordability.

This case study

The Australian Greenhouse Office launched the International CFL Harmonisation Initiative at the 6th International Conference on Energy Efficient Lighting in Shanghai, May 2005, which was supported by more than 80 participants from 20 different organisations and 13 economies.

The participants agreed to the following aims for the initiative in order to improve the efficiency, availability and affordability of CFLs:

How did we make it happen?

At the Shanghai launch, participants in the initiative developed and released a communiqué recording the session outcomes, agreed on five general priorities for moving towards a harmonised test method and a number of performance requirements for CFLs, and agreed to call upon others to contribute to this common goal over coming years.

Participants set up five international working groups to focus on each priority, including:

The Australian Greenhouse Office is the coordinating agency, with support in leading the working groups from the Chinese National Institution of Standardisation, the China Certification Centre for Energy Conservation Products, the Collaborative Labelling and Standards Program (CLASP), the Market Transformation Program (UK) and the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Program (REEEP).

How far have we come?

The international working group has created a website to aid in the distribution and availability of information on CFLs, to promote upcoming activities and provide a forum for documentation to be publicly available for comment (

With work ongoing, the other working groups have produced:

What have we learnt?

We have learnt that it is not enough to just develop new technologies – they need to be supported by sound national policy frameworks and international goodwill. They need strong technical support as well as policy support. They need to be accessible, available, cost effective and reliable.

For more information visit the following website: