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Publications archive - International Activities and Commitments


Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Cover of Australia's National Reserve System - WSSD 2002 fact sheet

Australia's National Reserve System

WSSD 2002 fact sheet
Environment Australia, August 2002

PDF file

About the fact sheet

Australia is the world's largest island and with nine per cent of its land represented in protected areas, it is not surprising Australia has one of the most significant protected area estates in the world.

Australia is a signatory to the Convention on Biological Diversity which requests countries to:

Under the Australian Constitution, the eight States and Territories have primary responsibility for land management and each has established a system of conservation reserves. Australia's first national park, the Royal National Park near Sydney, was declared in 1879.

Three significant national parks, Kakadu and Uluru Kata-Tjuta in the Northern Territory, and Booderee in New South Wales, are on Indigenous land and are managed under unique joint arrangements between the traditional Aboriginal owners and the Australian Government.

Because these reserve systems were historically developed independently, however, there are significant gaps in covering all of Australia's ecosystems and landscapes.

See also