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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Wattyl Australia
Cleaner Production - Solvent Recovery

It took Wattyl Australia just one year to recoup a $100,000 investment in a distillation unit that recovers solvent used in cleaning tanks and equipment in plants manufacturing solvent-based paints. It is now enjoying the ongoing savings as an addition to its bottom line. Instead of paying someone to dispose of the valuable solvents, the company is recovering 90% of the solvent and using it to produce other paint products. It also recovers up to 60% of previously wasted paint, and has created a new product from the distillery sludge.


Wattyl manufactures solvent-based paints for the industrial and automotive refinish markets.

The process

Until recently, the company did not think of waste minimisation as a priority and little attention was paid to the processes used for cleaning tanks and other equipment. Large quantities of dirty wash solvent was generated each year. Most of this waste was sent off-site for distillation/disposal in 200 litre drums, at significant cost.

Cleaner production initiatives

Participation in the Cleaner Technology Incentive Scheme sponsored by the Victorian EPA  resulted in the purchase of a small distillation unit capable of handling 800-900 litres/day of dirty solvent. Initial trials quickly pointed to the need to change the whole approach to equipment cleaning. A Process Group, comprising representatives from management, technical and factory staff, was set up. Over a period of 3-4 months, the Group introduced a series of formalised cleaning procedures:

The distilled solvent was, in most cases, about 90% pure. Initially, it was intended to use the distilled solvent as wash solvent, but even 10% dilution significantly reduced cleaning efficiency. It was trialled as a partial replacement for purchased solvent in several products, which Wattyl found to be satisfactory. By using the distilled solvent to replace new solvent, it was easily converted to part of a formulation for a saleable product..

With about 90% yields achievable from the still, attention was then turned to the 10% sludge. A laboratory program was initiated to look at how the sludge could be used. A new paint product was formulated around the distillation sludge. This product has since been modified on several occasions to incorporate other waste or by-products from the paint factory.

Advantages of the process

Wattyl once had to dispose of large quantities of dirty solvent wash and considerable quantities of waste paint each year.

It is now able to:

The $100,000 capital investment in the distillation unit was re-couped in just over 12 months of operation. Contribution has continued at that rate and stockpiles of waste have been extensively reduced.

Cleaner production incentives

Reducing the cost of off-site disposal was the key motivation. The resulting new product uses and paint recovery have proven to be an unexpected windfall. The recycling of the solvent on-site also eliminates safety and environmental risks associated with the transport and off-site disposal of the used solvent.


The fact that the solvent had not been a company priority, and that there was little experience of using recycled solvent, meant that there was considerable uncertainty about the potential benefits of on-site distillation. The commitment of time and effort in the project, therefore, needed a re-thinking of this aspect of Wattyl’s business.

Further Developments

Wattyl Australia has continued to benefit from these initiatives.


Mr John Timmermans
Wattyl (Victoria)
Graingers Rd
West Footscray, VIC 3012
61 3 9688 1111 ph
61 3 9688 1288 fx
Date of implementation:1995
Date of further initiatives:  Ongoing development
Case study prepared: 1997 
Date last modified: May 2001.