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Publications archive - Waste and recycling

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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

On-farm Composting of Municipal and Commercial Organics as an Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Resource Recovery Scheme for Rural Communities

June 2003,
Environment Australia

17 References

Anonymous (1998), Global growth in MSW. Warmer Bulletin, 58, January 1998, 18.

Arkwood Pty Ltd (2003), Submission to Discussion Paper for Beneficial Use of Specified Organic Wastes, Summary of Submissions, Environmental Protection Agency, Brisbane

Australian Certified Organic (2002), Australian Organic Standard - Version 5, Biological Farmers of Australia Co-op Ltd, Toowoomba

Biala, J. (2000), The use of compost in viticulture - a review of the international literature and experience, Report for Environment Australia as part of the Natural Heritage Trust funded project Promoting the Use of Recycled Organic Material (ROM) in Viticulture, (project managed by K. Wilkinson, Institute for Horticultural Development, Knoxfield), unpublished

Biala, J. (2001a), Background information on bag collection schemes & bioreactors, Part 1: Biodegradable bags and bag collection schemes, Report for Brisbane City Council (unpublished)

Biala, J. (2001b), On-farm composting of organics - a business opportunity for farmers. 159-165, Conference Proceedings, Waste & Recycle 2001 Conference, Perth, 26-28 November 2001

Biala, J. (2002), Best available technology for on-site composting of gelatine by-products, Report for Davis Gelatine Australia, Beaudesert (unpublished)

Biala, J. and Wynen, E. (1998), Is there a market for compost in agriculture? Paper presented at the International Composting Conference, Melbourne, September 15th - 16th 1998

Biala, J. and Henty, E. (2002), On-farm composting as an environmentally and socially sustainable resource recovery scheme for organics, Paper e20249b, CD-Rom Proceedings, ENVIRO 2002 Conference, Melbourne, 8-12 April 2002

Brisbane City Council (2003), Solid Waste Management Strategy and Action Plan 2003 - 2005

Cade, G. (2003), personal communication, Principal Program Officer Waste Management, Brisbane City Council

Centre for Ecological Technology [CET] (2000), Building a market based system of farm composting of food waste, Northampton, MA, USA

Cooke, G. (1975), Fertilizing for Maximum Yield, Granada, Sydney.

Dalal, R.C. and Probert, M.E. (1997), 'Soil nutrient depletion' 42-63 in A.L. Clarke and P.B. Wylie (eds.), Sustainable crop production in the sub-tropics: an Australian perspective, Department of Primary Industries, Queensland

Dersch, W. und Emde, F. (1995), Kompostierung und landwirtschaftliche Kompostverwertung Modell Waldeck-Frankenberg, 126-131 in: Kuratorium fuer Technick und Bauwesen in der Landwirtschaft e.V. [KTBL] (Hrsg.): Komposte in der Landwirtschaft, Arbeitspapier 223, KTBL-Schriften-Vertrieb im Landwirtschaftsverlag Muenster, Germany

Durack, M. (2003), Summary of AGWISE project, National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, www.ncea.org.au

Ebertseder, Th., Gutser, R., Claasen, N. (1997), Bioabfallkompost Qualitaet und Anwendung in der Landwirtschaft, Teilbericht 2 in Bioabfallkompostierung Verfahren und Verwertung, Schriftenreihe Heft 139, Bayerisches Landesamt fuer Umweltschutz, Muenchen, Germany

EcoRecycle Victoria (2003), Municipal waste, key findings of 2001-2002 collection report, www.ecorecycle.vic.gov.au

Envirocom Australia (2001), Regional Waste Management Plan Data Collection Project, Report prepared for Eastern Downs Regional Organisation of Councils (EDROC), unpublished

Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] (2002), The State of Waste & Recycling in Queensland 2000/2001, Brisbane

Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] (2003), The State of Waste & Recycling in Queensland 2002, Brisbane

Evans, J. (2002), Tackling the challenge of phosphorus in organic systems, 19-20 in: Biological Farmers of Australia (eds.); Conference Papers, Local Global Organics Conference, 3-4 October 2002, Lismore

Fricke, K. (1992), Grundlagen zur Eigenkompostierung, 12-23 in: BUND Niedersachsen (Hrsg.); Eigenkompostierung im Garten, Goettinger Abfall-Symposium, 25. 11. 1992

Fricke, K., Turk, T. und Vogtmann, H. (1985), Die Aktion "Gruene Tonne", 2. Zwischenbericht ueber das Projekt der gesonderten Einsammlung von organischen Abfaellen in Witzenhausen und Hebenshausen/Nordhessen, University of Kassel, Department of Ecological Agriculture, Witzenhausen, Germany

Fricke, K., Niessen, H., Vogtmann, H., Hangen, H-O. (1991), Die Bioabfallsammlung und -kompostierung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Schriftenreihe des Arbeitskreises fuer die Nutzbarmachung von Siedlungsabfaellen (ANS) e.V., Heft 20

Gillespie, G. (2003), personal communication, Resource NSW, South-Eastern Region, Queanbeyan, NSW (provided data refer to appendix in proposed waste minimisation plan for the South East, dated April 2001)

Government of Western Australia (2002), Focus on the Future - The Western Australian State Sustainability Strategy: Consultation Draft, www.sustainability.dpc.wa.gov.au

Gronauer, A., Helm, M., Schoen, H. (1997), Verfahren und Konzepte der Bioabfallkompostierung Vergleich-Bewertung-Empfehlung, Teilbericht 1 in Bioabfallkompostierung Verfahren und Verwertung, Schriftenreihe Heft 139, Bayerisches Landesamt fuer Umweltschutz, Muenchen, Germany

Gulliver, A. (2000), Integrated farming, recycling and compost operation, Compost 2000 Down Under Conference, Melbourne, 14-16 November 2000

Halm, G. (1993), Kompostvermarktung in der Landwirtschaft durch den Maschinenring am Beispiel der Stadt Kassel, 233 - 262 in: K. Wiemer, M. Kern (Hrsg.); Biologische Abfallbehandlung, M.I.C. Baeza-Verlag, Witzenhausen, Germany

Hansen, S. (2003), personal communication via 'Organic Soil Group' Internet discussion, Norwegian Centre for Ecological Agriculture, Tingvoll, Norway

Howard, A. (1940), An agricultural testament, Oxford University Press, London, p.253.

Iliff, M. (2002), personal communication, Superior Pak, Northgate, QLD

Koetter, A., Pollmann, W., Turk, T. (1993), Feasibility Studie zur Konzeptionierung der Getrenntsammlung organischer Abfaelle fuer die Landkreise Altenburg und Schmoelln, study conducted by IGW Pty Ltd, Germany, unpublished

Lismore City Council (2003), Statistics for Waste Minimisation and Management, Report No. 5, Jan. 1 2003 - March 31 2003

Marciniszyn, E. and Gottschall, R. (1995), Current situation of phyto-hygenic aspects in the composting industry, Lecture S45 in Proceedings of First International Symposium Biological Waste Management "A Wasted Chance?", April 4th-6th, University of Essen, Germany

McDonald, L. (2002), Soil & plant health for sustainable organic production, 53 in: Biological Farmers of Australia (eds.); Conference Papers, Local Global Organics Conference, 3-4 October 2002, Lismore

Nolan-ITU (1996), The collection & reprocessing of organic (food) waste material - a feasibility study, report prepared for EcoRecycle Victoria, Melbourne

Nolan-ITU (1998), Kerbside recycling in Victoria: Assessments of markets and costs, report prepared for EcoRecycle Victoria, Melbourne

Nolan-ITU (2001), Independent assessment of kerbside recycling in Australia, report prepared for National Packaging Covenant Council

NSW Environmental Protection Authority [NSW EPA] (1997), Environmental guidelines for the use and disposal of biosolids products, Chatswood NSW

Paulin, R. (2003), Sustainable community development and carbon based horticultural production, 24 - 33 in: Pullammanappallil, P., McComb, A., Diaz, L. and Bidlingmaier, W. (Eds.); ORBIT 2003 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference of ORBIT Association, 30. April-2 May 2003, Perth

Penfold, C. (2002), The challenge of phosphorus in organic systems, paper presented at Local Global Organics Conference, 3-4 October 2002, Lismore

Petersen, U., and Stoeppler-Zimmer, H., (1996), Frisch- oder Fertigkompost - pflanzenbauliche Vor- und Nachteile. Was hat die Praxis zu erwarten? 111 - 125 in: K. Wiemer, M. Kern (Hrsg.); Biologische Abfallbehandlung III, M.I.C. Baeza-Verlag, Witzenhausen, Germany

Phillips, L. (2003) personal communication via 'Organic Soil Group' Internet discussion, Elm Farm Research Centre, Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, UK

Pinegrow Products (2000), On farm composting - Northern Victoria, report prepared for EcoRecycle Victoria

Pittaway, P., Slizankewiecz, V., Spence, M. (2001) AGWISE Part B: Waste reuse strategies for rural development and sustainability, National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture, Publication 179714/I, USQ, Toowoomba

Potts, J. and Casey, K.D. (1999), Co-composting timber residues and feedlot manure project, Report to the Cattle and Beef Industry CRC Sub-program 6 Feedlot Waste Management, Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Toowoomba

Queensland Department of Primary Industries [DPI] (2002), Regulating the supply and sale of fertilisers and soil amendments, Discussion Paper, written by Geoff Cowles, November 2002

Reeve, G. (2003), personal communication, Caloundra City Council

Rynk, R. (2001), Exploring the economics of on-farm composting, Biocycle Vol. 42 (4), 62 - 70

Schmidt, A. (2002), Brisbane City Council Next Generation Residential Collection and Recycling, Waste Disposal and Water Management in Australia, Vol. 29, No. 2, 5-14

Standards Australia (2001), Revision of AS 4454-1999 Composts, soil conditioners and mulches, Draft for Public Comment, Sydney

Stoeppler-Zimmer, H., Gottschall, R., and Gallenkemper, B. (1993), Anforderungen an Qualitaet und Anwendung von Bio- und Gruenkomposten, Studie im BMFT-Verbundvorhaben 'Neue Techniken der Kompostierung', Schriftenreihe des Arbeitskreises fuer die Nutzbarmachung von Siedlungsabfaellen (ANS) e.V., Heft 25

Tittarelli, F., Trinchera, A., Intrigliolo, F., Calabretta, M., De Simone, C., Pierandrei, F., Rea, E. (2003), Production and utilisation of compost from citrus wastes of industrial processing, 818-826 in: Pullammanappallil, P., McComb, A., Diaz, L. and Bidlingmaier, W. (Eds.); ORBIT 2003 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference of ORBIT Association, 30. April-2 May 2003, Perth

Trott, L. (2003), personal communication, Waste Minimisation Officer, Lismore City Council

Victorian Jurisdictional Recycling Group (2002), Best practice kerbside recycling program review December 2002, report prepared for EcoRecycle Victoria, Melbourne

Vogtmann, H., Fricke, K., Kehres, B., and Turk, T. (1989), Bioabfall-Kompostierung, Der Hessische Minister für Umwelt und Reaktorsicherheit, Wiesbaden, Germany.

Vogtmann, H. (1999), Organic waste management as part of a strategy for achieving urban and rural sustainability, presentation given at 'Diversion of Organic Waste from Landfill into Appropriate Composting Systems, Colloquium at Sutton Courtney, Oxon, UK, 18. 5. 1999, Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society

Wilkinson, K., Tee, E., and Hood, V., (2000), Does AS 4454 adequately benchmark compost quality? Paper presented at the Compost 2000 Down Under Conference in Melbourne, 14-16 November 2000