Publications archive - Waste and recycling
Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.
Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.
Most publications are available as PDF files. Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files.
If you are unable to access a publication, please contact us to organise a suitable alternative format.
National Packaging Covenant Council
Environment Australia, October 2000
The launch of the National Packaging Covenant on 27 August 1999 heralded the beginning of unprecedented cooperation between all sectors of the packaging chain to minimise the environmental impacts of consumer packaging and paper waste, close the recycling loop and develop economically viable and sustainable recycling collection systems.
The Covenant, based on product stewardship, shares the responsibility of reducing the environmental impact throughout the entire life cycle of a packaging product. It was developed through a collaborative process involving a broad range of industry sectors and all spheres of government.
The Covenant's objectives are to:
The Covenant is a self-regulatory and voluntary measure that is underpinned by legislation - the National Environment Protection (Used Packaging Materials) Measure (NEPM). The NEPM requires jurisdictions to impose recovery activities on non-Covenant brand owners, and seeks to create a level playing field that protects Covenant signatories from market disadvantage. The Covenant is the lead instrument in the Covenant NEPM package, with the life of the NEPM dependent on the life of the Covenant.
When endorsing the Covenant, ANZECC Ministers agreed, that subject to a significant uptake of participation in the Covenant, the Covenant/NEPM package would be the sole instrument for managing consumer packaging waste in participating jurisdictions for the next five years.