Human settlements

Renewable energy

Biomass

Renewable Energy Commercialisation in Australia, Australian Greenhouse Office, 2003
NOTE: The status of these projects will have changed since the time of publication, and project contacts may also have changed.

Biomass is the name given to any recent organic matter that has been derived from plants as a result of the photosynthetic conversion process. Biomass energy is derived from plant and animal material, such as wood from forests, residues from agricultural and forestry processes, and industrial, human or animal wastes. Australia is richly endowed with a variety of biomass resources.

The energy value of biomass from plant matter originally comes from solar energy through the process known as photosynthesis. The chemical energy that is stored in plants and animals (that eat plants or other animals), or in the wastes that they produce, is called bioenergy. During conversion processes such as combustion (burning), biomass releases the energy stored in it's carbohydrates.

Biomass can be used directly for electricity generation, steam for industrial uses, heating, cooking or indirectly by converting it into a liquid or gaseous fuel (eg ethanol from sugar crops or biogas from animal waste). An example of biomass used for renewable energy generation in Australia is the use of sugar cane waste, or bagasse, for electricity production in sugar mills.

Projects

Sugar cane harvesting
  1. Auspine renewable energy commercialisation project
  2. Renewable ethanol fuel production project
  3. A new source of energy emerges from a prickly problem
  4. Mimosa pigra-turning a weed into electricity
  5. The Renewable Energy-Organic Conversion Centre
  6. Bioenergy-Integrated mallee processing
  7. Food biomass to green energy
  8. Bulk bagasse dewatering station at Racecourse Mill
  9. Innovation in harvesting, processing and transporting camphor laurel
  10. Reorganic Energy Swanbank- solution to waste management
  11. Factory-based 'cane trash' separation system
  12. Rocky Point Sugar Mill-renewable energy project
  13. Mackay Region Sugar Mills-increased renewable energy production through improved boiler efficiency
  14. Solid waste energy recycling facility
  15. Green gasifier generator-a micro gasifier turbine development

Download PDFs

Project details are also available for downloading as PDF files. (PDF Help)

  1. Auspine renewable energy commercialisation project as PDF
  2. Renewable ethanol fuel production project as PDF
  3. A new source of energy emerges from a prickly problem as PDF
  4. Mimosa pigra-turning a weed into electricity as PDF
  5. The Renewable Energy-Organic Conversion Centre as PDF
  6. Bioenergy-Integrated mallee processing as PDF
  7. Food biomass to green energy as PDF
  8. Bulk bagasse dewatering station at Racecourse Mill as PDF
  9. Innovation in harvesting, processing and transporting camphor laurel as PDF
  10. Reorganic Energy Swanbank- solution to waste management as PDF
  11. Factory-based 'cane trash' separation system as PDF
  12. Rocky Point Sugar Mill-renewable energy project as PDF
  13. Mackay Region Sugar Mills-increased renewable energy production through improved boiler efficiency as PDF
  14. Solid waste energy recycling facility as PDF
  15. Green gasifier generator-a micro gasifier turbine development as PDF

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