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Species Dictyotus caenosus (Westwood, 1837)

Brown Shield Bug

  • Pentatoma caenosa Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [42].
    Type data:
     
    Syntype(s) BMNH , Australia (as New Holland); OUM , Australia (as New Holland).
  • Dictyotus bipunctatus Dallas, W.S. 1851. List of the Specimens of Hemipterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. London : Richard Taylor Part 1 368 pp. XI pls. [140].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH , Australia (as New Holland).
  • Dictyotus plebejus Stål, C. 1860. Hemiptera. Species novas descripsit. pp. 219–298 in, Konglika Svenska Fregattens Eugenies Resa Omkring Jorden, under Befal af C.A. Virgin åren 1851–1853. III Zoologi, Insekter. Stockholm : Norstedt. [223].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) NHRM , Sydney, NSW (as Sidney, Nova Hollandia).
  • Sciocoris polystictica Butler, A.G. 1874. Insects. II. pp. 25-52 in Richardson, J. & Grey, J.E. (eds). The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. "Erebus & Terror". London : E.W. Janson. [pl. 7 fig. 5].
    Type data:
     Status unknown, BMNH, New Zealand.
  • Pentatoma latifrons Walker, F. 1868. Catalogue of the Specimens of Heteropterous Hemiptera in the Collection of the British Museum. Part III. London : E. Newman Preface pp. 419-599. [561].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) NMV 2 ( specimen in original description is Tholosanus proximus (Dallas, 1851), QLD.
  • Pentatoma tibialis Walker, F. 1867. Catalogue of the Specimens of Heteropterous Hemiptera in the Collection of the British Museum. Part II. Scutata. London : E. Newman Preface pp. 241-417. [309].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH, Adelaide, SA.
  • Pentatoma vilis Walker, F. 1867. Catalogue of the Specimens of Heteropterous Hemiptera in the Collection of the British Museum. Part II. Scutata. London : E. Newman Preface pp. 241-417. [309].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) BMNH 4 specimens, TAS; New Zealand.

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Distant, W.L. 1899. Rhynchotal notes. III. Heteroptera: Discocephalinae and Pentatominae (part). Annals and Magazine of Natural History 7 4: 421-445 [434] (synonymy of Sciocoris polystictica and Pentatoma vilis)
  • Gross, G.F. 1975. Plant-feeding and Other Bugs (Hemiptera) of South Australia. Heteroptera. Adelaide : A.B. James Vol. 1 250 pp., 3 colour pls. [201] (synonymy of Dictyotus bipunctatus, Dictyotus plebejus, Dictyotus polysticticus, Pentatoma latifrons and P. tibialis)

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

QLD—Boulia, Brisbane, Bunya Mountains National Park, Cunnamulla, Dalby, Flinders Is., Jeriderie, Lamington National Park, Stanthorpe, NSW—Bourke, Gladesville, Gnalta Station, Hay, Junee, Mullaley, Nyngan, Richmond River, Wagga Wagga, VIC—Bacchus March, Bamawin, Grampians National Park, TAS—Devonport, King Is., Launceston, Swansea, Ulverstone, SA—Adelaide, Belair, Cooper Point, Corny Point, Curramulka, Darke Peak, Etadunna, Emu Downs, Flinders Is., Goyder Siding, Hallett Cove, Hawker, Kangaroo Is., Lake Callabonna, Lake Frome, Lake Palanarinna, Mt Remarkable, Murray Bridge, Myponga, Naracoorte, Pt Authur, Pt Lincoln, Port Stanvac, Underdale, Wild Horse Plains, Wilpena, Yurgo, WA—Balladonia, Bowden, Boyup Brook, Bullsbrook, Capel River, Cocklebiddy, Gill Pinnacle, Maya, Moulyinning, Mullewa, Ravenswood, Toompup, Warren River, Wongan Hills, NT—Coniston Station, Junction Waterhole, Renner Springs; introduced into New Caledonia and New Zealand.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IBRA

NSW, NT, Qld, SA, Tas, Vic, WA: Australian Alps (AA), Avon Wheatbelt (AW), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Ben Lomond (BEL), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Burt Plain (BRT), Channel Country (CHC), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Coolgardie (COO), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Central Ranges (CR), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Dampierland (DL), Davenport Murchison Ranges (DMR), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Esperance Plains (ESP), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Finke (FIN), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Flinders (FLI), Gawler (GAW), Gibson Desert (GD), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Great Sandy Desert (GSD), Great Victoria Desert (GVD), Hampton (HAM), Jarrah Forest (JF), Kanmantoo (KAN), King (KIN), Little Sandy Desert (LSD), MacDonnell Ranges (MAC), Mallee (MAL), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mitchell Grass Downs (MGD), Mount Isa Inlier (MII), Mulga Lands (ML), Murchison (MUR), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Nullarbor (NUL), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields (SSD), Stony Plains (STP), Sturt Plateau (STU), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Tanami (TAN), Tasmanian Central Highlands (TCH), Tasmanian Northern Midlands (TNM), Tasmanian Northern Slopes (TNS), Tasmanian South East (TSE), Tasmanian Southern Ranges (TSR), Tasmanian West (TWE), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Warren (WAR), Wet Tropics (WT), Yalgoo (YAL)

Other Regions

Norfolk Island terrestrial & freshwater

Ecological Descriptors

Arboreal, gregarious, herbivore (associated flora: Medicago sativa L. [FABACEAE] Alfalfa, Lucerne; Zea mays L. [POACEAE] Maize; Brassica rapa L. [BRASSICACEAE] Turnip; Triticum sp. [POACEAE] Wheat), sap-feeder, subtropical, temperate, terrestrial, volant.

Extra Ecological Information

Parasitised by Cylindromyia bicmacula (Walker, 1849) (Diptera: Tachinidae).

 

General References

Butler, A.G. 1874. Insects. II. pp. 25-52 in Richardson, J. & Grey, J.E. (eds). The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. "Erebus & Terror". London : E.W. Janson. [26 pl. 7 fig. 5] (description, habitus)

Coombs, M. & Khan, S.A. 1997. New host/parasitoid records for Australian Pentatomidae, Tachinidae and Braconidae. Australian Entomologist 24(2): 61-64 (parasitism)

Froggatt, W.W. 1907. Australian Insects. Sydney : W. Brooks & Co. xiv 449 pp., 37 pls. [Date published April 11, 1907] [329] (biology)

Gross, G.F. 1975. Plant-feeding and Other Bugs (Hemiptera) of South Australia. Heteroptera. Adelaide : A.B. James Vol. 1 250 pp., 3 colour pls. [200-201, 205, 206, fig. 79] (description, habitus)

Hutton, F.W. 1898. Synopsis of the Hemiptera of New Zealand which have been described previous to 1896. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 30: 167-187 [170] (New Zealand)

Kirkaldy, G.W. 1909. Catalogue of the Hemiptera (Heteroptera) with biological and anatomical references, lists of foodplants and parasites, etc. Prefaced by a discussion on nomenclature, and an analytical table of families. Cimicidae. Berlin : Felix L. Dames Vol. 1 xl 392 pp. [43-44] (catalogue, separate species)

Larivière, M.-C. 1995. Cydnidae, Acanthosomatidae, and Pentatomidae (Insecta: Heteroptera): systematics, geographical distribution, and bioecology. Fauna of New Zealand 35: 1-119 [37] (description, biology)

Lethierry, L. & Severin, G. 1893. Catalogue Général des Hémiptères. Tome I. Hétéroptères Pentatomidae. Bruxelles : F. Hayez xi 286 pp. [113, 197, 198, 199] (catalogue, separate species)

Mayr, G. 1866. Hemiptera. Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wällerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band. I. Abtheilung. B. Wien : Karl Gerold's Sohn 1-204 pls I-V. [43-44] (note)

Morrison, L. 1938. Surveys of the insect pests of wheat crops in Canterbury and North Otago during the summers of 1936–37 and 1937–38. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 3 20: 142-155 [154] (wheat pest)

Myers, J.G. 1922. The order Hemiptera in New Zealand with special reference to its biological economic aspects. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 5(1): 1-12 [3] (description)

Myers, J.G. 1926. Biological notes on New Zealand Heteroptera. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 56: 449-511 pls 81-86 [499] (distribution)

Panizzi, A.R., McPherson, J.E., James, D.G., Javahery, M. & McPherson, R.M. 2000. Stink Bugs (Pentatomidae). pp. 421-474 in Schaefer, C.W. & Panizzi, A.R. (eds). Heteroptera of Economic Importance. Boca Raton : CRC Press 828 pp. [452] (bionomics)

Tay, E.B. 1966. Morphology of the external genitalia of some Pentatominae (Heteroptera). Papers of the Department of Entomology University of Queensland 2: 75-84 [76-77] (morphology)

Valentine, E.W. 1964. A note on the Asolcus spp. (Scelionidae: Hymenoptera) parasitic upon shield bug eggs (Pentatomidae: Acanthosomidae: Heteroptera) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Science 7: 643 [643] (parasitoid)

Van Duzee, E.P. 1905. Notes on Australian Pentatomidae, with descriptions of a few new species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 21: 187-214 [201] (note)

Walker, F. 1867. Catalogue of the Specimens of Heteropterous Hemiptera in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Scutata. London : E. Newman Preface pp. 1-240. [180, 181] (list, separate species)

Woodward, T.E. 1953. The Heteroptera of New Zealand Part I—Introduction; Cydnidae; Pentatomidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 80: 299-321 [320] (synonymy, New Zealand)

 

Common Name References

Naumann, I. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Australian Insect Names. Common and Scientific Names for Insects and Allied Organisms of Economic and Environmental Importance. Melbourne : CSIRO Publications v 200 pp. [Date published 31/12/1993] [153] (Brown Shield Bug)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-Nov-2013 Pentatominae 23-Apr-2014 MODIFIED
15-Aug-2012 06-Nov-2013 MODIFIED
06-Nov-2013 MODIFIED