Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Subspecies Biprorulus bibax bibax Breddin, 1900




New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria

Extra Distribution Information

QLD—Brisbane, Eidsvold, Gatton, Kuranda, Rockhampton, Wandoan, NSW—Galston, Moree, Sydney, VIC—Mildura, SA—Adelaide, Waikerie.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


NSW, Qld, SA, Vic: Australian Alps (AA), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Flinders (FLI), Gawler (GAW), Kanmantoo (KAN), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mulga Lands (ML), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Wet Tropics (WT)

Ecological Descriptors

Arboreal, diurnal, herbivore (associated flora: Eremocitrus glauca (Lindl.) Swingle [RUTACEAE] Desert Lime, Native Cumquat, Native Orange; Microcitrus australasica (F.Muell.) Swingle [RUTACEAE] Finger Lime; Citrus limonia Obsbeck [RUTACEAE] Lemon; Citrus nobilis Lour. [RUTACEAE] Mandarin; Citrus aurantium L. [RUTACEAE] Orange; Citrus decumana L. [RUTACEAE] Pomelo), sap-feeder, subtropical, temperate, terrestrial, tropical, volant.

Extra Ecological Information

Pest species of citrus, parasitised by numerous scelinoid (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) species: Trissolcus oenome (Dodd), T. flavicapsus Dodd, T. latisulcus (Crawford), T. mitsukurii (Ashmead), T. ogyges (Dodd)., T. oeneus (Dodd), Psix glabiscrobis (Girault); eupelmid (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) species: Anastatus biproruli (Girault); pteromalid (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) species: Acroclisoides tectacorisi Girault & Dodd; aphelinid (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae): Centrodora darwini (Girault); encyrtid (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae): Ooencyrtus sp, Ectopiognatha major Perkins & Xenoencyrtus hemipterus Girault; predators: Pristhesancus plagipennis Walker (Reduviidae), spiders, predatory bugs, mantids, ants and lacewing larvae.


General References

Evans, J.W. 1952. The Injurious Insects of the British Commonwealth (except the British Isles, India and Pakistan): with a section on the control of weeds by insects. London : Commonwealth Institute of Entomology vii 42 pp. [107] (pest)

Froggatt, W.W. 1907. Australian Insects. Sydney : W. Brooks & Co. xiv 449 pp., 37 pls. [Date published April 11, 1907] [330 pl. 3 fig. 1]

Froggatt, W.W. 1919. Some plant bugs that infect citrus trees. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 30: 325-330 2 pls [325, 327 figs 1-4] (description, life history, habitus)

Gellatley, J.G. 1976. Spined citrus bug. N.S.W. Department of Agriculture, Entomology Branch, Insect Pest Bulletin 145: 1-5 (pest status)

Girault, A.A. 1926. Some notes on Western Queensland fruit insects. Queensland Agricultural Journal 25: 235-236 [235] (pest)

Hely, P.C., Pasfield, G. & Gellatley, J.G. 1982. Insect Pests of Fruit and Vegetables in NSW. Melbourne : Inkata Press 312 pp. [70] (bionomics)

James, D.G. 1988. Fecundity, longevity and overwintering of Trissolcus biproruli Girault (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) a parasitoid of Biprorulus bibax Breddin (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 27: 297-301 (biology, parasitoid, Trissolcus biproruli)

James, D.G. 1989. Population biology of Biprorulus bibax Breddin (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in a southern New South Wales citrus orchard. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 28: 279-286 (biology)

James, D.G. 1990. Development and survivorship of Biprorulus bibax (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) under a range of constant temperatues. Environmental Entomology 19: 874-877 (biology)

James, D.G. 1990. Energy reserves, reproductive status and population biology of overwintering Biprorulus bibax (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in southern New South Wales. Australian Journal of Zoology 38: 415-422 (biology)

James, D.G. 1990. Incidence of egg parasitism of Biprorulus bibax Breddin (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in southern New South Wales and northern Victoria. General and Applied Entomology 22: 55-60 (parasitism)

James, D.G. 1990. Seasonality and population development of Biprorulus bibax Breddin (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in south-western New South Wales. General and Applied Entomology 22: 61-66 (biology)

James, D.G. 1991. Maintenance and termination of reproductive dormancy in Biprorulus bibax (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 60: 1-5 (biology)

James, D.G. 1992. Effect of citrus host variety on oviposition, fecundity and longevity in Biprorulus bibax Breddin (Heteroptera). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 89: 65-67 (biology, host plants)

James, D.G. 1992. Summer reproductive dormancy in Biprorulus bibax (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Australian Entomological Magazine 19: 65-68 (biology)

James, D.G. 1993. Apparent overwintering of Biprorulus bibax (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) on Eremocitrus glauca Rutaceae. Australian Entomologist 20: 129-132 (biology)

James, D.G. 1993. New egg parasitoids for Biprorulus bibax (Breddin) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 32: 67-68 (parasitism)

James, D.G. 1993. Toxicity and use of endosulfan against spined citrus bug, Biprorulus bibax, and some of its egg parasitoids. Plant Protection Quarterly 8: 54-56 (control)

James, D.G. 1994. Effect of citrus host variety on lipid reserves in overwintering Biprorulus bibax Breddin (Heteroptera). Victorian Entomologist 24: 42-45 (biology)

James, D.G. 1994. The development of suppression tactics for Biprorulus bibax (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) as part of an integrated pest management program in citrus in inland south-eastern Australia. Bulletin of Entomological Research 84: 31-38 (pest management)

James, D.G., Faulder, R.J. & Warren, G.N. 1990. Phenology of reproductive status, weight and lipid reserves of Biprorulus bibax (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Environmental Entomology 19: 1710-1715 (biology)

James, D.G., Mori, K., Aldrich, J.R. & Oliver, J.E. 1994. Flight-mediated attraction of Biprorulus bibax Breddin (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) to natural and synthetic aggregation pheromone. Journal of Chemical Ecology 20: 71-80 (chemical ecology)

James, D.G. & Warren, G.N. 1989. Sexual dimorphism of dorsal abdominal glands in Biprorulus bibax Breddin (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 28: 75-76 (dorsal abdominal gland morphology)

Kirkaldy, G.W. 1909. Catalogue of the Hemiptera (Heteroptera) with biological and anatomical references, lists of foodplants and parasites, etc. Prefaced by a discussion on nomenclature, and an analytical table of families. Cimicidae. Berlin : Felix L. Dames Vol. 1 xl 392 pp. [145] (catalogue)

McDonald, F.J.D. & Grigg, J. 1981. Life cycle of Biprorulus bibax Breddin (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). General and Applied Entomology 13: 54-58 (life cycle)

Noble, N. 1937. An egg parasite of the green vegetable bug. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 48: 337-341 pls 1-5 [337] (parasitoid)

Panizzi, A.R., McPherson, J.E., James, D.G., Javahery, M. & McPherson, R.M. 2000. Stink Bugs (Pentatomidae). pp. 421-474 in Schaefer, C.W. & Panizzi, A.R. (eds). Heteroptera of Economic Importance. Boca Raton : CRC Press 828 pp. [426] (bionomics)

Smith, D., Beattie, G.A.C. & Broadley, R. 1997. Citrus Pests and their Natural Enemies. Integrated Pest Management in Australia. Brisbane : DPI Publications xvi 272 pp. [108] (biology)

Summerville, W.A.T. 1931. The large horned citrus bug (Biprorulus bibax, Breddin). Queensland Agricultural Journal 36: 543-588 (biology)

Tillyard, R.J. 1926. The Insects of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney : Angus & Robertson Ltd 560 pp. 42 pls. [149, pl. 6 fig. 11] (biology, pest, habitus)

Tryon, H. 1889. Report on Insect and Fungus Pests. No. 1. Brisbane : Department of Agriculture 238 pp. [138] (as Rhynchocoris sp.)

Van Duzee, E.P. 1905. Notes on Australian Pentatomidae, with descriptions of a few new species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 21: 187-214 [209 pl. 8 fig. 11] (description)

Veitch, R. 1926. Report of the Chief Entomologist. Queensland Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture and Stock 1925–1926: 135-138 [135] (pest)

Wilson, F. 1963. Australia as a Source of Beneficial Insects for Biological Control. Trinidad : Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control Vol. 3 28 pp. [18]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-Nov-2013 Pentatominae 06-Nov-2013 MODIFIED
15-Aug-2012 06-Nov-2013 MODIFIED
06-Nov-2013 MODIFIED