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CAAB: 37260000


Flashlight Fishes

Compiler and date details

John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates, Dianne J. Bray & Douglass F. Hoese


Currently, six genera and eight species are recognised in the Anomalopidae (Paxton & Johnson 1999; Johnson et al. 2001). Two species in two genera are known from Australia.

Flashlight fishes occur in tropical waters of the Indian, Pacific and western Atlantic Oceans. Reef waters are the typical habitat, the fishes living in deeper waters in the daytime and coming near the surface on moonless nights. Small crustaceans are the primary food. The distinctive feature of flashlight fishes is a large light organ, containing luminous bacteria, under the eye. The functions of the light organ and ecology of the flashlight fishes were described by McCosker (1977). The largest specimen is 22.9 cm standard length.

The Anomalopidae were briefly reviewed by Rosenblatt & Montgomery (1976) and McCosker & Rosenblatt (1987), who recognised three genera and four species. Relationships are discussed by Johnson & Rosenblatt (1988).


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
12-Feb-2010 (import)