Family ANYSTIDAE Oudemans, 1936
Family ANYSTIDAE Oudemans, 1936
- Anystidae Oudemans, A.C. 1936. Neues über Anystidae (Acari). Archiv für Naturgeschichte 5: 364-446.
The Anystidae are a cosmopolitan family of fast-moving, soft-bodied mites that are usually orange or red in colour. They are often found running on the soil surface, but some species climb on plants and rocks (Walter et al. 2009). They are predatory, and some species have been advocated as biological control agents for crop pests (Gerson et al. 2003). Anystis wallacei was introduced into Australia for control of pasture pests (Wallace 1981; Otto & Halliday 1991). The Australian fauna of 33 species in six genera is well-known, thanks to a series of recent revisions (Otto 1999a, 1999b, 1999c).
Unidentified species have been recorded from Australia a number of times as listed for each genus, and unidentified Anystidae were also reported by Greenslade (1985), Austin (1993), Grostal & O'Dowd (1994), Frost & Bailey (1997), Walter (1999), Adolphson & Kinnear (2008), Callan et al. (2011), Beyer et al. (2011) and Proctor et al. (2011).
Several authors have used the name Anystis salicinus for a species found in Australia. However, these specimens were all re-identified as Anystis wallacei Otto, 1992. Womersley (1942) provisionally identified Erythracarus parietinum (Hermann, 1804) from Australia. These specimens were later described as Erythracarus amnicolus Otto, 1999c.
Anystidae: Anystis salicinus Linnaeus, 1758 — Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systemae naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differetiis, synonymis, locis.v. Holmiae : Laurentii Salvii 824 pp.
Anystidae: Erythracarus parietinum (Hermann, 1804) — Hermann, J.F. 1804. Mémoire Aptérologique. Strasbourg : F.G. Levrault 144 pp. 9 pls.
Beyer, S., Kinnear, A., Hutley, L.B., McGuiness, K. & Gibb, K. 2011. Assessing the relationship between fire and grazing on soil characteristics and mite communities in a semi-arid savanna of northern Australia. Pedobiologia 54: 195–200
Frost, W.E. & Bailey, P. 1997. Identifying Mites on Inland Australian Citrus. A Colour Guide for Growers, Packers and Quarantine Staff. South Australian Research and Development Institute, Adelaide. 8 pp.
Greenslade, P. 1985. Terrestrial invertebrates of the mound spring bores, creek beds and other habitats. pp. 64-77 in Greenslade, J., Joseph, L. & Reeves, A. (eds). South Australia's Mound Springs. Adelaide : Nature Conservation Society of South Australia.
Otto, J.C. 1999a. The taxonomy of Tarsotomus Berlese and Paratarsotomus Kuzntezov (Acarina: Anystidae: Erythracarinae) with observations on the natural history of Tarsotomus. Invertebrate Taxonomy 13: 749-803
Otto, J.C. & Halliday, R.B. 1991. Systematics and biology of a predatory mite (Anystis sp.) introduced into Australia for biological control of redlegged earth mite. Plant Protection Quarterly 6: 181-185
Proctor, H., Kanowski, J., Catterall, C.P., Wardell-Johnson, G. & Reis, T. 2011. Rainforest-restoration success as judged by assemblages of soil- and litter-dwelling mites (Arachnida: Acari). Zoosymposia 6: 234–254
Walter, D.E., Lindquist, E.E., Smith, I.M., Cook, D.R. & Krantz, G.W. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. pp. 233-420 in Krantz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (eds). A Manual of Acarology. Lubbock, Texas : Texas Tech University Press Third edition, 807 pp.
History of changes
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