Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

CAVS: 1187

Species Aepyprymnus rufescens (Gray, 1837)

Rufous Bettong

  • Bettongia rufescens Gray, J.E. 1837. Description of some new or little known Mammalia, principally in the British Museum Collection. Magazine of Natural History ns 1: 577-587 [Date published Nov. 1837: publication date established from Thomas, O. 1888. Catalogue of the Marsupialia and Monotremata in the Collection of the British Museum (Natural History). London : British Museum xiii 401 pp. 28 pls [3 Nov. 1888]] [584].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH skin & skull, unknown locality (=NSW).
    Type locality references:
    Iredale, T. & Troughton, E. le G. 1934. A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 6: i-xii 1-122.
  • Hypsiprymnus melanotis Ogilby, W. 1838. Description of various species of the genus Hypsiprymnus. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838: 62-63 [62] [junior objective synonym of Bettongia rufescens Gray, 1837].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH skin & skull, locality unknown.


Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Thomas, O. 1888. Catalogue of the Marsupialia and Monotremata in the Collection of the British Museum (Natural History). London : British Museum xiii 401 pp. 28 pls. [3 Nov. 1888] [103]


Generic Combinations

  • Aepyprymnus rufescens (Gray, 1837).




New South Wales, Queensland

Extra Distribution Information

Range reduced.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


NSW, Qld: Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Desert Uplands (DEU), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Nandewar (NAN), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), Sydney Basin (SB), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Wet Tropics (WT)

Ecological Descriptors

Herbivore, low open woodland, nocturnal, open forest, subtropical, terrestrial.

Extra Ecological Information

Nest builder, diet may include sap.


General References

Claridge, A.W. & May, T.W. 1994. Mycophagy among Australian mammals. Australian Journal of Ecology 19: 251-275

Dennis, A.J. & Johnson, P.M. 1995. Rufous Bettong Aepyprymnus rufescens. pp. 285-287 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Frederick, H. & Johnson, C.N. 1996. Social organisation in the rufous bettong, Aepyprymnus rufescens. Australian Journal of Zoology 44: 9-17

Johnson, P.M. 1978. Studies of Macropodidae in Queensland 9. Reproduction of the rufous rat-kangaroo Aepyprymnus rufescens (Gray) in captivity with age estimation of pouch young. Queensland Journal of Agricultural and Animal Science 35: 69-72

Johnson, P.M. 1980. Observations on the behaviour of the rufous rat-kangaroo, Aepyprymnus rufescens (Gray), in captivity. Australian Wildlife Research 7: 347-357

Lodder, M.A.N. 1991. Functional morphology of the hindleg in two kangaroos Macropus giganteus and Aepyprymnus rufescens. European Journal of Morphology 29: 5-30

McIlwee, A.P. & Johnson, C.N. 1998. The contribution of fungus to the diets of three mycophagous marsupials in Eucalyptus forests, revealed by stable isotope analysis. Functional Ecology 12: 223-231

Moors, P.J. 1975. The urogenital system and notes on the reproductive biology of the female rufous rat-kangaroo, Aepyprymnus rufescens (Gray) (Macropodidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 23: 355-361

Reddell, P., Spain, A.V. & Hopkins, M. 1997. Dispersal of spores of mycorrhizal fungi in scats of native mammals in tropical forests of northeastern Australia. Biotropica 29: 184-192

Wallis, I.R., Jarman, P.J., Johnson, B.E. & Liddle, R.W. 1989. Nest sites and use of nests by rufous bettongs Aepyprymnus rufescens. pp. 619-623 in Grigg, G., Jarman, P. & Hume, I. (eds). Kangaroos, Wallabies and Rat-Kangaroos. Sydney : Australian Mammal Society and Surrey Beatty 835 pp.

Wallis, I.R. & Green, B. 1992. Seasonal field energetics of the rufous rat-kangaroo (Aepyprymnus rufescens). Australian Journal of Zoology 40: 279-290


Common Name References

ABRS 2001. Census of Australian Vertebrates. Australian Biological Resources Study. (Rufous Bettong)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
29-Oct-2010 29-Oct-2010 MOVED
12-Feb-2010 (import)