Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Alpheus bidens (Olivier, 1811)

Mottled Snapping Prawn

  • Palaemon bidens Olivier, A.G. 1811. Palémon. pp. 652-667 in Olivier, A.G. (ed.). Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire Naturelle. Insectes. Paris : H. Agasse Vol. 8 722 pp. [663].
    Type data:
     Holotype MNHP, Australia (as 'sur les cotes de la Nouvelle-Hollande').
  • Alpheus tridentatus Zehntner, L. 1894. Crustacés de l'Archipel malais. Voyage de MM.M. Bedot and C. Pictet dans l'Archipel malais. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 2: 135-214 pls 7-9 [204 pl. VIII fig. 24].
    Type data:
     Holotype GMNH 1 specimen, Amboina, indonesia.
  • Alpheus dissodontonotus Stebbing, T.R.R. 1915. South African Crustacea (Part VIII). Annals of the South African Museum 15: 57-104 pls 8-25 [83 pl. 86].
    Type data:
     Holotype SAM 1, off Port Elizabeth, South Africa.


Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Banner, D.M. & Banner, A.H. 1982. The alpheid shrimp of Australia. Part III: The remaining alpheids, principally the genus Alpheus, and the family Ogyrididae. Records of the Australian Museum 34(1): 1-357 figs 1-95 [136]




Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

S coast, east Indo-west Pacific Oceans.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Benthic, coral reef, low intertidal, subtidal.

Extra Ecological Information

Mostly intertidal collections, also found in heads of coral, dredged to depths of 83 m.


General References

Davie, P. 2002. Crustacea: Malacostraca: Phyllocarida, Hoplocarida, Eucarida (Part 1). In Wells, A. & Houston, W.W.K. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 19.3A. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia xii 551 pp. [185] (A. Anker (pers. comm.) believes this taxon is a complex of several species)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
22-Jul-2013 22-Jul-2013 MODIFIED
10-May-2012 10-May-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)