Pigfishes, Racehorses, Southern Pigfish
Compiler and date details
John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates & Douglass F. Hoese
The Congiopodidae currently comprise nine species in four genera. In Australia, two genera and two species are known; Scott et al. (1974) and Gomon (1994) described and figured the two Australian species.
Pigfishes are southern circumglobal, found in shelf and slope waters to at least 500 m where they are benthic. Recorded food items include crabs and worms. As with many of the other scorpaeniform fishes, the spines of at least one of the Australian species are reported to be venomous. Pigfishes are characterised by having a long snout with a single nostril on each side, and the body scaleless with a well-developed lateral line. Maximum size is about 80 cm.
Members of the Congiopodidae were summarised briefly by Hureau (1971) and Paulin & Moreland (1979). Mandrytsa (1990) described the lateral line system.
Gomon, M.F. 1994. Families Hoplichthyidae, Congiopodidae. pp. 524-526 figs 466-467 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.
Hureau, J.C. 1971. Notes sur la famille des Congiopodidae (Téléostéens, Perciformes): redécouverte de Zanclorhynchus spinifer Günther, 1880, aux îles Kerguelen et réhabilitation de Congiopodus kieneri (Sauvage, 1878). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris 2 42(5): 1019-1026 figs 1-4
Mandrytsa, S.A. 1990. Morphological characteristics of lateral sensory system of the family Congiopodidae (Pisces: Scorpaeniformes). Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademiya Nauk SSSR 213: 16-28
Paulin, C.D. & Moreland, J.M. 1979. Congiopodus coriaceus, a new species of pigfish, and a redescription of C. leucopaecilus (Richardson) from New Zealand (Pisces : Congiopodidae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology 6: 601-608 figs 1-3
Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs.
Common Name References
Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.  (Pigfishes)
Nelson, J.S. 1994. Fishes of the World. New York : John Wiley & Sons 600 pp.  (Racehorses)
Whitley, G.P. 1948. A list of the fishes of Western Australia. Western Australia Fish Department. Fisheries Bulletin 2: 1-35 map  (Southern Pigfish)