Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

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Subgenus Clathria (Microciona) Bowerbank, 1862

  • Microciona Bowerbank, J.S. 1862. On the anatomy and physiology of the Spongiadae. Part III. On the generic characters, the specific characters, and on the method of examination. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 152: 1087-1135 pls 72-74 [1109].
    Type species:
     Microciona atrasanguinea Bowerbank, 1862 by original designation.
  • Sophax Gray, J.E. 1867. Notes on the arrangement of sponges, with the description of some new genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 492-558 pls 27-28 [521].
    Type species:
     Microciona fallax Bowerbank, 1866 by monotypy.
  • [Abila] Gray, J.E. 1867. Notes on the arrangement of sponges, with the description of some new genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 492-558 pls 27-28 [539] [junior homonym of Abila Gray, 1867, replaced by Abilana Strand, 1924].
    Type species:
     Microciona laevis Bowerbank, 1866 by monotypy.
  • Leptoclathria Topsent, E. 1928. Spongiaires de l'Atlantique et de la Méditerranée provenant des croisières du Prince Albert Ier de Monaco. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco 74: 1-376 11 pls [61].
    Type species (included species):
     Hymeraphia affinis Topsent, 1889; Hymeraphia affinis anancora Topsent, 1904; Leptoclathria haplotoxa Topsent, 1928
  • Pseudanchinoe Burton, M. 1929. Porifera. Part 2. Antarctic sponges. In, British Antarctic (`Terra Nova') Expedition, 1910. Natural History Report. Zoology. 6(4): 393–458 pls 1–5. 393-458 pls 1-5 [433].
    Type species:
     Stylostichon toxiferum Topsent, 1913 by original designation.
  • Aaata Laubenfels, M.W. de 1930. The sponges of California. Stanford University Bulletin 5 5(98): 24-29 [27] [junior homonym of Aaata Semenor, 1906 (Coleoptera)].
    Type species:
     Aaata spongigartina de Laubenfels, 1930 by original designation.
  • Hymantho Burton, M. 1930. Norwegian sponges from the Norman Collection. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1930: 487-546 [503].
    Type species:
     Hymantho normani Burton, 1930 by original designation.
  • Anaata Laubenfels, M.W. de 1932. The marine and fresh water sponges of California. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 2927/81(4): 1-140 [89] [nom. nov. for Aaata de Laubenfels, 1930].
  • Cionanchora Laubenfels, M.W. de 1936. A discussion of the sponge fauna of the Dry Tortugas in particular, and the West Indies in general, with material for a revision of the families and orders of the Porifera. (Tortugas Lab. Paper No. 467). Publication of the Carnegie Institution of Washington Washington 30: 1-225 22 pls 1 map [108].
    Type species:
     Hymeraphia tuberosocapitata Topsent, 1890 by original designation.
  • Axocielita Laubenfels, M.W. de 1936. A discussion of the sponge fauna of the Dry Tortugas in particular, and the West Indies in general, with material for a revision of the families and orders of the Porifera. (Tortugas Lab. Paper No. 467). Publication of the Carnegie Institution of Washington Washington 30: 1-225 22 pls 1 map [118].
    Type species:
     Microciona similis Stephens, 1915 by original designation.
  • Fisherispongia Laubenfels, M.W. de 1936. A comparison of the shallow water sponges near the Pacific end of the Panama Canal with those at the Caribbean end. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 83(2993): 441-466 [460].
    Type species:
     Fisherispongia ferrea de Laubenfels, 1936 by original designation.
  • Wetmoreus Laubenfels, M.W. de 1936. A discussion of the sponge fauna of the Dry Tortugas in particular, and the West Indies in general, with material for a revision of the families and orders of the Porifera. (Tortugas Lab. Paper No. 467). Publication of the Carnegie Institution of Washington Washington 30: 1-225 22 pls 1 map [112].
    Type species:
     Microciona novaezealandica Brøndsted, 1924 by original designation.
  • Folitispa Laubenfels, M.W. de 1936. A discussion of the sponge fauna of the Dry Tortugas in particular, and the West Indies in general, with material for a revision of the families and orders of the Porifera. (Tortugas Lab. Paper No. 467). Publication of the Carnegie Institution of Washington Washington 30: 1-225 22 pls 1 map [119].
    Type species:
     Hymedesmia laevissima Dendy, 1922 by original designation.
  • Paratenaciella Vacelet, J. & Vasseur, P. 1971. Eponges des récifs coralliens de Tuléar (Madagascar). Téthys Supplement 1: 51-126 pls 1-4 [103].
    Type species:
     Paratenaciella microxea Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 by original designation.

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Hooper, J.N.A. in Hooper, J.N.A. & Wiedenmayer, F. 1994. Porifera. pp. 1-620 in Wells, A. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Melbourne : CSIRO Australia Vol. 12 xiii 624 pp. [Date published 21/Nov/1994] [265]
  • Hooper, J.N.A. 1996. Revision of Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae), with description of Australian species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 40: 1-626 [Date published 01/06/1996] [203]

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Cosmopolitan.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Timor Transition (1), Timor Province (2), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Northwest Transition (3), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northwest Province (4), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41), Central Western Transition (5)

Distribution References

  • Bergquist, P.R. & Fromont, J. 1988. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Porifera, Demospongiae, Part 4 (Poecilosclerida). New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 96: 1-197 pls 1-57
  • Hechtel, G.J. 1965. A systematic study of the Demospongiae of Port Royal, Jamaica. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 20: i-iv 1-103 8 pls [44]
  • Lévi, C. 1960. Les Démosponges des côtes de France. I. Les Clathridae. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 1: 47-87 [54]
  • Simpson, T.L. 1968. The structure and function of sponge cells: new criteria for the taxonomy of poecilosclerid sponges (Demospongiae). Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 25: 11-141 pls 1-17 [137, 95]
  • Soest, R.W.M. Van 1984. Marine sponges from Curaçao and other Caribbean localities. Part III. Poecilosclerida. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands 66(199): 1-167 pls 1-10 [244]

Diagnosis

Thinly or thickly encrusting growth forms; ectosomal skeleton with a single undifferentiated category of auxiliary styles sparsely dispersed on or near surface, lying paratangential or tangential to surface; choanosomal skeleton essentially hymedesmioid, with a basal layer of spongin bearing echinating and principal styles embedded in and perpendicular to it, forming single or plumose ascending columns, and in the latter case having spicule bundles partially enclosed by ascending, plumose, nonanastomosing spongin fibres (fibre nodes); principal styles frequently with prominent basal tyle and/or with basal spination; microscleres palmate isochelae and various toxa morphologies.

 

ID Keys

See Family Microcionidae Diagnosis

 

Diagnosis References

Hooper, J.N.A. 2002. Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468 in Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds). Systema Porifera: A guide to the classification of sponges. New York : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers Vol. 1. [440]

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
12-Jun-2014 15-Dec-2011 MOVED
28-Feb-2012 19-Apr-2011 MODIFIED
28-Feb-2012 13-Apr-2011 MODIFIED
20-Oct-2010 MODIFIED