Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

<em>Dardanus setifer</em> [from Alcock 1905: pl. 8 fig. 3]

Dardanus setifer [from Alcock 1905: pl. 8 fig. 3]

<em>Clibanarius padavensis</em> [from de Man 1888: pl. 16 fig. 1]

Clibanarius padavensis [from de Man 1888: pl. 16 fig. 1]

Museums

Regional Maps

Family DIOGENIDAE Ortmann, 1892

  • Diogeninae Ortmann, A.E. 1892. Die Decapoden-Krebse des Strassburger Museums, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der von Herrn Dr. Döderlein bei Japan und bei den Liu-Kiu-Inseln gesammelten und zur Zeit im Strassburger Museum auf bewahrten Formen. IV Theil. Die Abtheilungen Galatheidea und Paguridea. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 6(2): 241-325 pls 11, 12 [270].
    Type genus:
     Diogenes Dana, 1851.
  • Dardaninae Schmitt, W.L. 1926. The Macruran, Anomuran and Stomatopod crustaceans collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909–1915. With field notes by Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 53: 1-67, 9 pls [45] [no diagnosis or discussion provided].
  • Paguristinae Makarov, V.V. 1938. Crustacea, Anomura, Fauna SSSR. Zoologicheskii Institut Akademii Nauk SSSR ns 16 10(3): i-x, 1-324 [English translation (1962) Crustacea, Anomura. Fauna of USSR. Zool. Inst. Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R. n.ser. 16, 10(3): 1–283 pls 1–5] [157].

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Miyake, S. 1978. The Crustacea Anomura of Sagami Bay. Tokyo : Biological Laboratory Imperial Household 200 pp. [English], 161 pp. [Japanese], 4 pls. [14]

 

Introduction

The Diogenidae is the second largest family of marine 'hermit crabs', with the Australian fauna currently including 92 species in 11 genera. Diogenids are some of the most colourful, large and conspicuous hermits, and are found in a wide range of habitats from intertidal mangrove swamps to coral reefs and deeper offshore waters.

A considerable amount of work has been done on this family over the last 20 years, and the following is a summary of the most important published papers relating to the Australian fauna: Forest (1984, 1995); Forest & McLaughlin (2000); Forest & Morgan (1991); Haig & Ball (1988); McLaughlin & Forest (1997); Morgan (1987a, 1987b, 1987c, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992); Morgan & Forest (1991); and Rahayu & Forest (1993, 1995). Forest (1995: 29) provided a key to genera.

 

Diagnosis

Carapace and body paguroid in form ('hermit crabs'). Eyestalks circular to subcircular in cross-section, not laterally flattened; eyes lying obliquely away from each other. Antennae long and subcylindrical. Third maxillipeds approximated basally; ischium with crista dentata well developed or not; accessory tooth present or absent. Either 13 or 14 pairs of gills. Chelipeds usually subequal or markedly unequal, if unequal left usually larger than right (some Paguristes species with a slightly larger right). No paired pleopods in either sex except in Paguristes and Cancellus. In Paguristes first two abdominal segments of males each usually with paired pleopods, third to fifth segments each with unpaired left pleopods; second to fifth abdominal segments of female each usually with unpaired left pleopod (there are exceptions in both males and females). In Cancellus all pleopods absent in males; second to fifth abdominal segments of females each with unpaired left or right pleopod. (Modified after Miyake 1978).

 

General References

Forest, J. 1984. Revision du genre Aniculus. Decapoda Diogenidae. Crustaceana Suppl. 8: 1-91

Forest, J. 1995. Crustacea Decapoda Anomura: Révision du genre Trizopagurus Forest, 1952 (Diogenidae), avec l'établissement de deux genres nouveaux. 9-149 in Crosnier, A. Résultats des Campagnes MUSORTOM, Volume 13. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris 163: 1-516

Forest, J. & McLaughlin, P.A. 2000. Superfamily Coenobitoidea, families Pylochelidae and Diogenidae. 31-103 in Forest, J., de Saint Laurent, M., McLaughlin, P.A. & Lemaitre, R. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Paguridea (Decapoda: Anomura) exclusive of the Lithodidae. NIWA Biodiversity Memoir 114: 1-250

Forest, J. & Morgan, G.J. 1991. A large new species of Dardanus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Diogenidae) from southwest Australia. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris 13(1–2): 203-208

Haig, J. & Ball, E.E. 1988. Hermit crabs from north Australian and eastern Indonesian waters (Crustacea Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) collected during the 1975 Alpha Helix Expedition. Records of the Australian Museum 40(3): 151-196

McLaughlin, P.A. & Forest, J. 1997. Crustacea Decapoda: Diacanthurus gen. nov., a new genus of hermit crabs (Paguridae) with both Recent and fossil representation, and the descriptions of two new species. 235-259 in Crosnier, A. Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 18. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris 176: 1-570

Miyake, S. 1978. The Crustacea Anomura of Sagami Bay. Tokyo : Biological Laboratory Imperial Household 200 pp. [English], 161 pp. [Japanese], 4 pls.

Morgan, G.J. 1987. A new and aberrant species of Paguristes (Anomura: Diogenidae) from northern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 13(3): 379-386

Morgan, G.J. 1987. Hermit crabs (Decapoda, Anomura: Coenobitidae, Diogenidae, Paguridae) of Darwin and Port Essington, northern Australia. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 4(1): 165-186

Morgan, G.J. 1987. Two new species of Paguristes (Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae) from southwestern Australia. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 100(4): 726-734

Morgan, G.J. 1988. Calcinus abrolhensis, a new species of hermit crab from the Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia (Decapoda, Diogenidae). Crustaceana 54(2): 218-222

Morgan, G.J. 1989. The hermit crabs (Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae, Paguridae) of southwestern Australia, with descriptions of two new species. Records of the Australian Museum 14(3): 391-417

Morgan, G.J. 1990. A collection of Thalassinidea, Anomura and Brachyura (Crustacea: Decapoda) from the Kimberley region of northwestern Australia. Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) 265: 1-90

Morgan, G.J. 1991. A review of the hermit crab genus Calcinus Dana (Crustacea: Decapoda: Diogenidae) from Australia, with descriptions of two new species. Invertebrate Taxonomy 5(4): 869-913

Morgan, G.J. 1992. The hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Coenobitidae, Diogenidae, Paguridae) of Christmas and Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Indian Ocean, with description of a new species of Paguristes. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 40(2): 163-174

Morgan, G.J. & Forest, J. 1991. Seven new species of hermit crabs from Northern and Western Australia (Decapoda, Anomura, Diogenidae). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris 12(3–4): 649-689

Rahayu, D.L. & Forest, J. 1993. Le genre Clibanarius (Crustacea, Decapoda, Diogenidae) en Indonésie, avec la description de six espèces nouvelles. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris 4 14(sect. A, 3–4): 745-779

Rahayu, D.L. & Forest, J. 1995. Le genre Diogenes (Decapoda, Anomura, Diogenidae) en Indonésie, avec la description de six espèces nouvelles. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris 4 16(A)(2–4): 383-415

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
24-Apr-2012 24-Apr-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)