Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Dardanus megistos (Herbst, 1804)

Spotted Hermit Crab

  • Cancer megistos Herbst, J.F.W. 1804. Versuch einer Naturgeschichte der Krabben und Krebse nebst einer Systematischen Beischreibung ihrer Verschieden Arten. Berlin & Stralsund Vol. 3 Pt 4 pp. 1–49 pls 59–62. [23 pl. 61 fig. 1].
    Type data:
     Holotype ZMB Herbst 2491 sex not determined, East Indies.
    Type locality references:
    Sakai, K. 1999. J. F. W. Herbst-Collection of decapod Crustacea of the Berlin Zoological Museum, with remarks on certain species. Naturalists, Tokushima Biological Laboratory, Shikoku University 6: 1-45 pls 1-21 [11].
  • Pagurus punctulatus Olivier, A.G. 1811. Pagure. pp. 636-649 in Olivier, A.G. (ed.). Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire Naturelle. Insectes. Paris : H. Agasse Vol. 8 772 pp. [639].
    Type data:
     Status unknown, not determined.
  • Pagurus spinimanus Milne Edwards, H. 1848. Sur quelques nouvelles espèces du genre Pagure. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris 10: 59-64 [61].
    Type data:
     Holotype MNHP, Seychelles.


Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Fize, A. & Serène, R. 1955. Les Pagures du Vietnam. Vietnam : Institut Océanographique de Nhatrang 228 pp., 6 pls. [160] (as Pagurus megistos)




Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Indo-west Pacific Oceans (East Africa to South China Sea and east to Hawai'i).

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Cocos (Keeling) Island Province (22), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Coral reef, littoral, reef flat, sublittoral.

Extra Ecological Information

Reef flat to deep waters, depth to 10 m.


General References

Tudge, C.C. 1995. Hermit Crabs of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Queensland. Brisbane : University of Queensland and Backhuys Publishers 40 pp. [26] (colour photograph)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
24-Apr-2012 24-Apr-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)