Compiler and date details
24 November 2015 - Dianne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates, Katie L. Smith, Douglass F. Hoese & Matthew M. Lockett
2013 - Dianne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates & Katie L. Smith
This order contains nine families of small to medium-sized, soft-bodied fishes (Cohen et al. 1990; Nelson 2006). Most are deepsea fishes found below 200 m and many are important commercially. Relationships are treated in Cohen (1989), Howes (1991) and Endo (2002). The classification of this group is in dispute and Nelson (2006) has summarised the various arguments. More recent molecular and morphological studies have also presented different views of relationships (Teletchea et al. 2006, Satoh et al. 2006, von der Heyden & Matthee 2008, Roa-Varón & Orti 2009, Wiley & Johnson 2010 and Grand et al.2014). Often those studies treated some of the families recognised here as subfamilies. The Gadidae as recognised here is sometimes divided into 4 subfamilies or families (Gadidae, Lotidae, Phycidae, Gaidropsaridae). Some workers treat the Macrouridae with four subfamilies (Bathygadinae, Macrouroidinae, Trachyrincinae, Macrourinae, see Eschmeyer & Fong 2015).
Cohen, D.M., Inada, T., Iwamoto, T. & Scialabba, N. 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Gadiform fishes of the world (order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 10 442 pp.
Howes, G.J. 1991. Anatomy, phylogeny and taxonomy of the gadoid fish genus Macruronus Günther, 1873, with a revised hypothesis of gadoid phylogeny. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 57(1): 77-110
Roa-Varón, A. & Ortí, G. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships among families of Gadiformes (Teleostei, Paracanthopterygii) based on nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 688–704
Satoh, T.P., Miya, M. Endo, H. & Nishida, M. 2006. Round and pointed-head grenadier fishes (Actinopterygii: Gadiformes) represent a single sister group: Evidence from the complete mitochondrial genome sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 129–138
Wiley, E.O. & Johnson, G.D. 2010. A teleost classification based on monophyletic groups. pp. 123-182 in Nelson, J.S., Schultze, H.-P. & Wilson, M.V.H. Origin and Phylogenetic Interrelationships of Teleosts. München, Germany : Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil 480 pp.