A family primarily of small nocturnal lizards occurring throughout tropical and temperate regions. One hundred and thirty-six species in 21 genera occur in Australia. Of these, about 70% belong to the regionally endemic subfamily, the Diplodactylinae.
Characterised in Australia by: well-developed pentadactyl limbs; eyes without movable eyelids, each covered by a fixed transparent spectacle; pupil (in daylight) a narrow vertical slit; external ear-opening present; body scales juxtaposed; tongue short, flat and fleshy, slightly notched in front.
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