Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps



A family primarily of small nocturnal lizards occurring throughout tropical and temperate regions. One hundred and thirty-six species in 21 genera occur in Australia. Of these, about 70% belong to the regionally endemic subfamily, the Diplodactylinae.



Characterised in Australia by: well-developed pentadactyl limbs; eyes without movable eyelids, each covered by a fixed transparent spectacle; pupil (in daylight) a narrow vertical slit; external ear-opening present; body scales juxtaposed; tongue short, flat and fleshy, slightly notched in front.


General References

Cogger, H.G. 1979. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed 608 pp.

Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Sydney : Reed New Holland 808 pp.

Stephenson, N.G. 1960. The comparative osteology of Australian geckos and its bearing on their morphological status. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 44: 278-299

Wermuth, H. 1965. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae, Xantusiidae. Das Tierreich 80(1–22): 1-246

Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2003. A Complete Guide to Reptiles of Australia. Australia : Holland 448 pp.

Worrell, E. 1970. Reptiles of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson xv 169 pp.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
30-Mar-2012 30-Mar-2012 MODIFIED
28-May-2014 16-Dec-2011 MOVED
28-May-2014 07-Dec-2011 MODIFIED
08-Mar-2011 08-Mar-2011 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)