Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

Museums

Regional Maps

Subspecies Hasora hurama hurama (Butler, 1870)

Broad-banded Awl

  • Hesperia hurama Butler, A.G. 1870. Descriptions of some new diurnal Lepidoptera, chiefly Hesperiidae. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 18(4): 485-520 [498].
    Type data:
     Lectotype BMNH , Cape York, QLD (Butler mentioned three localities in original description: Cape York, Champion Bay and Aru Ils)
    Comment: Butler in the original description indicated that he had more than one specimen.
    Subsequent designation references:
    Waterhouse, G.A. 1937. Australian Hesperiidae. VII. Notes on the types and type localities. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 62(3–4): 107-125 [111] (referred to a holotype); Edwards, E.D., Newland, J. & Regan, L. 2001. Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea. In Wells, A. & Houston, W.W.K. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 31.6. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia. x 615 pp. (interpret Waterhouse's (1937) reference to a holotype as a lectotype designation (Art. 74, ICZN 1985)).
    Type locality references:
    Waterhouse, G.A. 1937. Australian Hesperiidae. VII. Notes on the types and type localities. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 62(3–4): 107-125 [111] (noted Champion Bay, WA locality is an error); Parsons, M.J. 1998. The Butterflies of Papua New Guinea; their systematics and biology. San Diego : Academic Press 736 pp. [150] (noted Assam, Khasia Hills as the type locality without explanation).
  • Hasora hurama vivapama Fruhstorfer, H. 1911. Neue Hesperiden des Indo-Malayischen Faunengebietes und Besprechung verwandter Formen. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 25(2–6): 9-79 pl. 1 [74].
    Type data:
     Lectotype BMNH , Saparua (Saparua, Amboina and Buru designated in original description; Evans (1949) p. 63, restricted this to Saparua, Maluku, Indonesia)
    Comment: Fruhstorfer in the original description stated that he had seen four specimens.
    Subsequent designation references:
    Evans, W.H. 1949. A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia and Australia in the British Museum (Natural History). London : British Museum xix 502 pp. 53 pls. [63] (referred to a type); Edwards, E.D., Newland, J. & Regan, L. 2001. Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea. In Wells, A. & Houston, W.W.K. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 31.6. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia. x 615 pp. (interpret Evans' (1949) reference to a type as a lectotype designation (Art. 74, ICZN 1985)).
    Type locality references:
    Evans, W.H. 1949. A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia and Australia in the British Museum (Natural History). London : British Museum xix 502 pp. 53 pls. [63].
  • Hasora postfasciata Rothschild, L.W. 1915. Lepidoptera of the British Ornithologists' Union and Wollaston Expeditions in the Snow Mountains, Southern Dutch New Guinea. Macrolepidoptera. Part 1. London : Hazell, Watson & Viney pp. 1-168. [43].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH (Rothschild in the original description designated a type), Utakwa River, 760–915 m (2500–3000 ft), Irian Jaya (as Southern Dutch New Guinea, indicated in original description).

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Evans, W.H. 1949. A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia and Australia in the British Museum (Natural History). London : British Museum xix 502 pp. 53 pls. [63]

 

Distribution

States

Northern Territory, Queensland


Extra Distribution Information

Fogg Dam and Blyth River, Moa and Dauan Ils, Torres Strait, Cape York south to Mackay; extralimital distribution—Indonesia (Irian Jaya, Maluku), Papua New Guinea.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IBRA

NT, Qld: Arnhem Coast (ARC), Arnhem Plateau (ARP), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Central Arnhem (CA), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Pine Creek (PCK), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Wet Tropics (WT)

Ecological Descriptors

Larva: arboreal, herbivore (associated flora: Derris trifoliata Lour. [FABACEAE]).

Closed forest, coastal, tropical.

Extra Ecological Information

Margins of mangroves and rainforest, eggs are laid on young foliage of food plant, larva builds silk-lined shelters in leaflets of food plant, pupa in last larval shelter, adult inhabits margins of rainforest and mangroves where food plant grows, flight is rapid and jerky, settles frequently, recorded throughout the year.

 

General References

Common, I.F.B. & Waterhouse, D.F. 1981. Butterflies of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson xiv 682 pp. 49 pls. [90] (biology)

Dunn, K.L. & Dunn, L.E. 1991. Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Family Hesperiidae. Melbourne : K. & L. Dunn Vol. 2 197-335 pp. [198]

Parsons, M.J. 1998. The Butterflies of Papua New Guinea; their systematics and biology. San Diego : Academic Press 736 pp. [150]

Waterhouse, G.A. & Lyell, G. 1914. The Butterflies of Australia: a monograph of the Australian Rhopalocera introducing a complete scheme of structural classification, and giving descriptions and illustrations of all the butterflies found in Australia, including a number now recorded for the first time. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 239 pp. 38 pls + 3 unnumbered colour pls. [Date published 25 July 1914] [217] (description as Parata hurama)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
05-Mar-2013 05-Mar-2013 MODIFIED
05-Mar-2013 11-Jan-2013 MODIFIED
05-Mar-2013 MODIFIED