Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Jalmenus evagoras (Donovan, 1805)

Common Imperial Blue, Imperial Hairstreak




Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria

Extra Distribution Information

Australian Endemic.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


ACT, NSW, Qld, Vic: Australian Alps (AA), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Flinders (FLI), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mulga Lands (ML), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Wet Tropics (WT)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Australian Capital Territory
    • New South Wales: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Queensland: Murray-Darling basin, NE coastal
    • Victoria: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal

Ecological Descriptors

Larva: herbivore (associated flora: Acacia longifolia (Andrews) Willd. [FABACEAE] Sydney Golden Wattle; Acacia binervata DC. [FABACEAE] Two-veined Hickory; Acacia polybotrya Benth. [FABACEAE] Western Silver Wattle; Acacia floribunda (Vent.) Willd. [FABACEAE] White Sally; Acacia macradenia Benth. [FABACEAE] Zig-zag Wattle; Acacia ingramii Tind. [FABACEAE]; Amyema pendula (Sieber ex Spreng.) Tiegh. [LORANTHACEAE] Drooping Mistletoe; Acacia mearnsii De Wild. [FABACEAE] Black Wattle; Acacia decurrens Willd. [FABACEAE] Black Wattle; Acacia melanoxylon R.Br. [FABACEAE] Blackwood; Acacia harpophylla F.Muell. ex Benth. [FABACEAE] Brigalow; Acacia leiocalyx (Domin) Pedley [FABACEAE] Early Flowering Black Wattle; Acacia genistifolia Link [FABACEAE] Early Wattle; Acacia filicifolia Welch, Coombs, & McGlynn [FABACEAE] Fern-leaved Wattle; Acacia fimbriata A.Cunn. ex G.Don [FABACEAE] Fringed Wattle; Acacia spectabilis Benth. [FABACEAE] Glory Wattle, Pillaga Wattle, Mudgee Wattle; Acacia pycnantha Benth. [FABACEAE] Golden Wattle; Acacia irrorata Sieber ex Spreng. [FABACEAE] Green Wattle; Acacia implexa Benth. [FABACEAE] Hickory Wattle; Acacia penninervis DC. [FABACEAE] Mountain Hickory; Acacia leucoclada Tind. [FABACEAE] Northern Silver Wattle; Acacia parramattensis Tind. [FABACEAE] Parramatta Wattle; Acacia rubida Cunn. [FABACEAE] Red-leaf Wattle; Acacia falcata Willd. [FABACEAE] Sickle-shaped Acacia; Acacia neriifolia Benth. [FABACEAE] Silver Wattle; Acacia dealbata Link [FABACEAE] Silver Wattle; Acacia terminalis (Salisb.) J.F.Macbr. [FABACEAE] Sunshine Wattle).


General References

Common, I.F.B. & Waterhouse, D.F. 1981. Butterflies of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson xiv 682 pp. 49 pls. [496]

Eastwood, R., Braby, M.F., Schmidt, D.J. & Hughes, J.M. 2008. Taxonomy, ecology, genetics and conservation status of the pale imperial hairstreak (Jalmenus eubulus) (Lepidoptera : Lycaenidae): a threatened butterfly from the Brigalow Belt, Australia. Invertebrate Systematics 22: 407-423 (Jalmenus eubulus Miskin removed from subspecies of J. evagoras and re-instated as full species)

Edwards, E.D., Newland, J. & Regan, L. 2001. Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea. In Wells, A. & Houston, W.W.K. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 31.6. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia. x 615 pp. [264] (J. evagoras recognised with two subspecies, J. evagoras evagoras and J. evagoras eubulus Miskin)

Kitching, R.L. 1976. The ultrastructure of the eggs of Jalmenus evagoras (Donovan) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Australian Entomological Magazine 3: 42-44 [42] (egg morpohology)

Kitching, R.L. 1983. Myrmecophilous organs of the larvae of the lycaenid butterfly Jalmenus evagoras (Donovan). Journal of Natural History 17: 471-481 [471] (larval morphology)

Pierce, N.E. & Nash, D.R. 1999. The Imperial Blue, Jalmenus evagoras (Lycaenidae). pp. 279-315 in Kitching, R.L., Scheermeyer, E., Jones, R.L. & Pierce, N.E. (eds). Biology of Australian Butterflies. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing xvi 395 pp. [279] (detailed biology, bibliography a source of many further references on biology)

Waterhouse, G.A. 1903. Notes on Australian Rhopalocera: Lycaenidae. Part III—Revisional. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 28(1): 132-275, pls 1-3 [256]

Waterhouse, G.A. 1932. What Butterfly is That? A Guide to the Butterflies of Australia. Illustrated by Neville Cayley. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 291 pp. 34 pls. [Date published 15/Dec/1932] [188]

Waterhouse, G.A. & Lyell, G. 1914. The Butterflies of Australia: a monograph of the Australian Rhopalocera introducing a complete scheme of structural classification, and giving descriptions and illustrations of all the butterflies found in Australia, including a number now recorded for the first time. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 239 pp. 38 pls + 3 unnumbered colour pls. [Date published 25 July 1914] [127]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-Feb-2014 LYCAENIDAE 06-Feb-2014 MODIFIED Dr Federica Turco (QM)
05-Mar-2013 29-Jan-2014 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2012 06-Feb-2014 MODIFIED
28-Mar-2012 06-Feb-2014 MODIFIED
06-Feb-2014 MODIFIED