Species Jalmenus lithochroa Waterhouse, 1903
Lithochroa Blue, Waterhouse's Hairstreak
- Ialmenus lithochroa Waterhouse, G.A. 1903. Notes on Australian Rhopalocera: Lycaenidae. Part III—Revisional. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 28(1): 132-275, pls 1-3 .
Type data:Lectotype AM KL20653 ♂, Parkside, SA (designated in original description).
Paralectotype(s) AM KL20654 1♀, South Australia
Comment: Waterhouse in the original description mentioned eight males and four females but no type.
Extra Distribution Information
Restricted to SA, it has been recorded in and near the Flinders Ranges, East of Wilpena Pound, Willochra Plain, near Port Augusta, Mambray Creek, Melrose, Orroroo and Yunta, urbanisation has caused the disappearance of Adelaide populations.
SA: Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Gawler (GAW), Kanmantoo (KAN)
Original AFD Distribution Data
- South Australia: S Gulfs
Larva: attendant ants, herbivore (associated flora: Acacia pycnantha Benth. [MIMOSACEAE]; Acacia victoriae Benth. [MIMOSACEAE]).
Extra Ecological Information
Larvae are attended by Iridomyrmex purpureus (Smith) and I. viridiaeneus Viehmeyer and another undescribed ant species (Formicidae).
Common, I.F.B. & Waterhouse, D.F. 1981. Butterflies of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson xiv 682 pp. 49 pls. 
Fisher, R.H. 1978. Butterflies of South Australia (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea). Adelaide : South Australian Government. Handbooks Series 272 pp.  (biology)
Pierce, N.E. & Nash, D.R. 1999. The Imperial Blue, Jalmenus evagoras (Lycaenidae). pp. 279-315 in Kitching, R.L., Scheermeyer, E., Jones, R.L. & Pierce, N.E. (eds). Biology of Australian Butterflies. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing xvi 395 pp. 
Waterhouse, G.A. 1932. What Butterfly is That? A Guide to the Butterflies of Australia. Illustrated by Neville Cayley. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 291 pp. 34 pls. [Date published 15/Dec/1932] 
Waterhouse, G.A. & Lyell, G. 1914. The Butterflies of Australia: a monograph of the Australian Rhopalocera introducing a complete scheme of structural classification, and giving descriptions and illustrations of all the butterflies found in Australia, including a number now recorded for the first time. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 239 pp. 38 pls + 3 unnumbered colour pls. [Date published 25 July 1914]