Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Jalmenus lithochroa Waterhouse, 1903

Lithochroa Blue, Waterhouse's Hairstreak

  • Ialmenus lithochroa Waterhouse, G.A. 1903. Notes on Australian Rhopalocera: Lycaenidae. Part III—Revisional. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 28(1): 132-275, pls 1-3 [259].
    Type data:
     Lectotype AM KL20653 , Parkside, SA (designated in original description).
    Paralectotype(s) AM KL20654 1, South Australia
    Comment: Waterhouse in the original description mentioned eight males and four females but no type.




South Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Restricted to SA, it has been recorded in and near the Flinders Ranges, East of Wilpena Pound, Willochra Plain, near Port Augusta, Mambray Creek, Melrose, Orroroo and Yunta, urbanisation has caused the disappearance of Adelaide populations.

Australian Endemic.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


SA: Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Gawler (GAW), Kanmantoo (KAN)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • South Australia: S Gulfs

Ecological Descriptors

Larva: attendant ants, herbivore (associated flora: Acacia pycnantha Benth. [FABACEAE] Golden Wattle; Acacia victoriae Benth. [FABACEAE] Prickly Wattle).

Extra Ecological Information

Larvae are attended by Iridomyrmex purpureus (Smith) and I. viridiaeneus Viehmeyer and another undescribed ant species (Formicidae).


General References

Common, I.F.B. & Waterhouse, D.F. 1981. Butterflies of Australia. Sydney : Angus & Robertson xiv 682 pp. 49 pls. [503]

Fisher, R.H. 1978. Butterflies of South Australia (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea). Adelaide : South Australian Government. Handbooks Series 272 pp. [180] (biology)

Pierce, N.E. & Nash, D.R. 1999. The Imperial Blue, Jalmenus evagoras (Lycaenidae). pp. 279-315 in Kitching, R.L., Scheermeyer, E., Jones, R.L. & Pierce, N.E. (eds). Biology of Australian Butterflies. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing xvi 395 pp. [280]

Waterhouse, G.A. 1932. What Butterfly is That? A Guide to the Butterflies of Australia. Illustrated by Neville Cayley. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 291 pp. 34 pls. [Date published 15/Dec/1932] [192]

Waterhouse, G.A. & Lyell, G. 1914. The Butterflies of Australia: a monograph of the Australian Rhopalocera introducing a complete scheme of structural classification, and giving descriptions and illustrations of all the butterflies found in Australia, including a number now recorded for the first time. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 239 pp. 38 pls + 3 unnumbered colour pls. [Date published 25 July 1914] [130]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-Feb-2014 LYCAENIDAE 06-Feb-2014 MODIFIED Dr Federica Turco (QM)
05-Mar-2013 29-Jan-2014 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2012 06-Feb-2014 MODIFIED
28-Mar-2012 06-Feb-2014 MODIFIED
06-Feb-2014 MODIFIED