Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory




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CAAB: 37224000


Melanonids, Pelagic Cods

Compiler and date details

13 November 2015 - DIanne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates, Matthew M. Lockett & Douglass F. Hoese

22 August 2011 - DIanne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates & Douglass F. Hoese


The Melanonidae comprise a single genus and two species. Both species occur in Australian waters.

Melanonids are mesopelagic and bathypelagic in all tropical and temperate oceans. A distinctive feature is the presence of numerous, parallel, fleshy neuromast-bearing ridges on the head. Maximum size is about 27 cm.

The melanonids have not been revised. One species was briefly described and figured by Ayling & Cox (1982) and Chui & Markle (1990). Cohen (1986, 1990) treated both species in the family, as did Cohen (1986), Paulin et al. (1989) and Gomon (2008) all of whom provided a key to species.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
26-Nov-2015 GADIFORMES 13-Nov-2015 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Matthew Lockett (AM)
12-Feb-2010 (import)