Melanonids, Pelagic Cods
Compiler and date details
13 November 2015 - DIanne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates, Matthew M. Lockett & Douglass F. Hoese
22 August 2011 - DIanne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates & Douglass F. Hoese
The Melanonidae comprise a single genus and two species. Both species occur in Australian waters.
Melanonids are mesopelagic and bathypelagic in all tropical and temperate oceans. A distinctive feature is the presence of numerous, parallel, fleshy neuromast-bearing ridges on the head. Maximum size is about 27 cm.
The melanonids have not been revised. One species was briefly described and figured by Ayling & Cox (1982) and Chui & Markle (1990). Cohen (1986, 1990) treated both species in the family, as did Cohen (1986), Paulin et al. (1989) and Gomon (2008) all of whom provided a key to species.
Cohen, D.M. 1990. Family Melanonidae. 138 in Cohen, D.M., Inada, T., Iwamoto, T. & Scialabba, N. FAO Species Catalogue. Gadiform fishes of the world (order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 10 442 pp.
Paxton, J.R., Gates, J.E., Bray, D.J. & Hoese, D.F. 2006. Melanonidae. pp. 618-619 in Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp.
Common Name References
Gomon, M.F. 1994. Families Moridae, Melanonidae, Euclichthyidae, Merlucciidae. pp. 324-340 figs 290-303 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.  (Melanonids)
Nelson, J.S. 1994. Fishes of the World. New York : John Wiley & Sons 600 pp.  (Pelagic Cods)