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CAVS: 1539

Species Neophoca cinerea (Péron, 1816)

Australian Sea-lion

  • Otaria cinerea Péron, F. 1816. Voyage de Découvertes aux Terres Australes, Exécuté par ordre de Sa Majesté l'Empereur et Roi sur les corvettes le Géographe, le Naturaliste, et la goellette le Casuarina, pendant les Années 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803 et 1804. Paris : Imprimere Royale Vol. 1 & 2 + atlas xxxii 472 pp. [54].
    Type data:
     Status unknown, whereabouts unknown, Kangaroo Is., SA (as Île Decrès).
  • Otaria albicollis Péron, F. 1816. Voyage de Découvertes aux Terres Australes, Exécuté par ordre de Sa Majesté l'Empereur et Roi sur les corvettes le Géographe, le Naturaliste, et la goellette le Casuarina, pendant les Années 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803 et 1804. Paris : Imprimere Royale Vol. 1 & 2 + atlas xxxii 472 pp. [118] [description based on adult male Otaria cinerea].
    Type data:
     Status unknown, whereabouts unknown, St Peter Is., Nuyts Archipelago, SA.
  • Arctocephalus lobatus Gray, E.J. 1828. Spicilegia Zoologica; or original figures and short systematic descriptions of new and unfigured animals. London : Treuttel, Wurtz & Co. Part 1 12 pp. [1].
    Type data:
     Lectotype RMNH 13442 skull, Houtman's Abrolhos, WA, Rivoli Bay, SA
    Comment: see King, J.E. 1960. Sea-lions of the genera Neophoca and Phocarctos. Mammalia 24: 445-456 for comments re location of type.
    Subsequent designation references:
    Gray, J.E. 1874. Hand-list of Seals, Morses, Sea-lions, and Sea-bears in the British Museum. London : British Museum 44 pp., 30 pls..
    Type locality references:
    King, J.E. 1960. Sea-lions of the genera Neophoca and Phocarctos. Mammalia 24: 445-456; Ray, C.E. & Ling, J.K. 1981. A well documented early record of the Australian sea lion. Archives of Natural History 10(1): 155-171.
    Secondary source:
     Scheffer, V.B. 1958. Seals, Sea Lions and Walruses. A review of the Pinnipedia. Stanford : Stanford University Press x 179 pp. 32 pls..
  • Otaria australis Quoy, J.R.C. & Gaimard, [J.P.] 1830. Pinnipedia. pp. 89-99 in Dumont d'Urville, J.S.C (ed.). Voyages de Découvertes de l'Astrolabe, Exécutés par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1829 sous le commandement de M.J. Dumont d'Urville. Paris : J. Tastu Vol. 1. [93].
    Type data:
     Status unknown, King George Sound, WA.
    Secondary source:
     Iredale, T. & Troughton, E. le G. 1934. A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 6: i-xii 1-122.

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Scheffer, V.B. 1958. Seals, Sea Lions and Walruses. A review of the Pinnipedia. Stanford : Stanford University Press x 179 pp. 32 pls. [64-65]

 

Generic Combinations

  • Neophoca cinerea (Péron, 1816).

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Kangaroo Is.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Northwest Province (4), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7), Southern Province (8)

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, continental slope, gregarious, nomadic, piscivore, predator, territorial.

Extra Ecological Information

Diet known to include cephalopods, both males and females territorial during breeding season.

 

General References

Costa, D.P. & Gales, N.J. 2003. Energetics of a benthic diver: Seasonal foraging ecology of the Australian sea lion, Neophoca cinerea. Ecological Monographs 73: 27-43

Dennis, T.E. & Shaughnessy, P.D. 1996. Status of the Australian sea lion, Neophoca cinerea, in the Great Australian Bight. Wildlife Research 23: 741-754

Gales, N.J., Cheal, A.J., Pobar, G.J. & Williamson, P. 1992. Breeding biology and movements of Australian sea-lions, Neophoca cinerea, off the west coast of Australia. Wildlife Research 19: 405-416

Gales, N.J., Costa, D.P. & Kretzmann, M. 1996. Proximate composition of Australian sea lion milk throughout the entire supra-annula lactation period. Australian Journal of Zoology 1996: 651-657

Gales, N.J., Shaughnessy, P.D. & Dennis, T.F. 1994. Distribution, abundance and breeding cycle of the Australian sea lion Neophoca cinerea (Mammalia: Pinnipedia). Journal of Zoology, London 234: 353-370

Gales, N.J., Williamson, P., Higgins, L.V., Blackberry, M.A. & James, I. 1997. Evidence for a prolonged placental gestation in the Australian sea lion. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 111: 159-163

Gales, N.J. & Cheal, A.J. 1992. Estimating diet composition of the Australian sea-lion (Neophoca cinerea) from scat analysis: an unreliable technique. Wildlife Research 19: 447-456

Higgins, L.V. 1993. The nonannual nonseasonal breeding cycle of the Australian sea lion, Neophoca cinerea. Journal of Mammalogy 74: 270-274

Higgins, L.V. & Gass, L. 1993. Birth to weaning: Parturition, duration of lactation, and attendance cycles of Australian sea lions (Neophoca cinerea). Canadian Journal of Zoology 71: 2047-2055

Higgins, L.V. & Tedman, R.A. 1990. Effect of attacks by male Australian sea lions, Neophoca cinerea, on mortality of pups. Journal of Mammalogy 71: 617-619

King, J.E. 1983. Seals of the World. 2nd Edition. St Lucia : Univ. Queensland Press 240 pp.

Ling, J.K. 1992. Neophoca cinerea. Mammalian Species 392: 1-7

Marlow, B.J. 1995. Australian Sea-lion Neophoca cinerea. pp. 673-674 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Richardson, K.C. & Gales, N.J. 1987. Functional morphology of the alimentary tract of the Australian sea-lion, Neophoca cinerea. Australian Journal of Zoology 35: 219-226

Tedman, R.A. 1991. The female reproductive tract of the Australian sea lion, Neophoca cinerea (Peron, 1816) (Carnivora: Otaridae). Australian Journal of Zoology 39: 351-372

Walker, G.E. & Ling, J.K. 1981. [Unknown]. pp. 99-118 in Ridgway, S.H. & Harrison, R.J. (eds). Handbook of Marine Mammals. Volume 1. The Walrus, Sea Lions, Fur Seals and Sea Otter. London : Academic Press.

 

Common Name References

ABRS 2001. Census of Australian Vertebrates. Australian Biological Resources Study. (Australian Sea-lion)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
14-Dec-2010 16-Oct-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)