Compiler and date details
28 May 2015 - Douglass F. Hoese & Dianne J. Bray
This order contains five families of small to medium-sized, soft-bodied fishes (Nielsen et al. 1999). Most are deepsea fishes found below 200 m, but some species are common in shallow water around corals reefs. Patterson & Rosen (1989) questioned the monophyly of the order. Nelson (1994) included the Parabrotulidae here, but Nielsen (1999) excluded the family from the order. Nelson (2006), however, has retained Parabrotulidae in this order until a more suitable placement is found.
Gordon, D.J., Markle, D.F. & Olney, J.E. 1984. Order Ophidiiformes. 308-319 in Moser, H.G. et al. (eds). Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Special Publication 1: 1-760
Nielsen, J.G., Cohen, D.M., Markle, D.F. & Robins, C.R. 1999. Ophidiiform Fishes of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 18. 178 pp.
Nielsen. J.G. 1999. Families Carapidae, Ophidiidae, Bythitidae, Aphionidae. pp. 1978-1985 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068.
Patterson, C. & Rosen, D.E. 1989. The Paracanthopterygii revisited: order and disorder. 5-36 in Cohen, D.M. (ed.). Papers on the systematics of gadiform fishes. Science Series. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 32: 1-262