Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory




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Whip Spiders

Compiler and date details

31 December 2002 - Mark S. Harvey, Western Australia Museum, Perth, Western Australia, Australia


Schizomids are small, inconspicuous arachnids most closely related to the larger Uropygi (see Shultz 1989, 1990; Weygoldt & Paulus 1979) which are not represented in the Australian fauna. Schizomids were first recorded from Australia by Woodward (1963). He reported a litter-dwelling species from the Brisbane region, later named Apozomus woodwardi by Harvey (1992). Subsequently, Main (1980) reported a cave-dwelling species from Cape Range, Western Australia, and Cokendolpher (1981) reported epigean specimens from the Northern Territory.

Harvey (1988) provided the first description of an Australian schizomid, the troglobitic Schizomus vinei from Cape Range, and later (Harvey 1992) completely revised the known fauna, describing 24 new species and five new genera. Harvey & Humphreys (1995) described a second troglobitic species, Draculoides bramstokeri. Harvey (2000a, 2000b, 2001) added further new genera and new species and Harvey et al. (2008) studied the molecular systematics and morphology of hypogean shizomids, at teh same time, describing a new genus and six new species. Currently the named Australian fauna consists of eight genera and 53 species; . Many species appear to have extremely small distributions, and numerous species are currently known only from the type locality.

Harvey (2003) has provided a complete catalogue to the world fauna of this order.


General References

Cokendolpher, J.C. 1981. The order Schizomida. Australian Arachnologist 5: 6-7

Harvey, M.S. 1988. A new troglobitic schizomid from Cape Range, Western Australia (Chelicerata: Schizomida). Records of the Western Australian Museum 14: 15-20

Harvey, M.S. 1992. The Schizomida (Chelicerata) of Australia. Invertebrate Taxonomy 6: 77-129

Harvey, M.S. 2000. Brignolizomus and Attenuizomus, new schizomid genera from Australia (Arachnida: Schizomida: Hubbardiidae). Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana. Genova 78: 329-338 [Date published 30 November 2000]

Harvey, M.S. 2000. A review of the Australian schizomid genus Notozomus (Hubbardiidae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 46: 161-174

Harvey, M.S. 2001. New cave-dwelling schizomids (Schizomida: Hubbardiidae) from Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 64: 171-185

Harvey, M.S. 2002. Short-range endemism in the Australian fauna: some examples from non-marine environments. Invertebrate Systematics 16: 555-570

Harvey, M.S. 2003. Order Schizomida. pp. 101–148 in, Catalogue of the Smaller Arachnid Orders of the World: Amblypygi, Uropygi, Schizomida, Palpigradi, Ricinulei and Solifugae. Collingwood, Victoria : CSIRO Publishing. 385 pp.

Harvey, M.S., Berry, O., Edward, K.L. & Humphreys, G. 2008. Molecular and morphological systematics of hypogean schizomids (Schizomida: Hubbardiidae) in semiarid Australia. Invertebrate Systematics 22: 167-194

Harvey, M.S. & Humphreys, W.F. 1995. Notes on the genus Draculoides Harvey (Schizomida: Hubbardiidae), with the description of a new troglobitic species. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 52: 183-189

Main, B.Y. 1980. Record of the arachnid order Schizomida in Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 14: 236-237

Schultz, J.W. 1989. Morphology of locomotor appendages in Arachnida: evolutionary trends and phylogenetic implications. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 97: 1-56

Shultz, J.W. 1990. Evolutionary morphology and phylogeny of Arachnida. Cladistics 6: 1-38

Weygoldt, P. & Paulus, H.F. 1979. Untersuchungen zur Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie der Chelicerata. II. Cladogramme und die Entfaltung der Chelicerata. Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 17: 177-200

Woodward, T.E. 1963. Family Schizomidae in Australia. Journal of the Entomological Society of Queensland 2: 16


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
12-Feb-2010 (import)