Species Selenotoca multifasciata (Richardson, 1846)
Striped Scat, Banded Scat, Barred Scat, Butterfish, John Dory, Johnny Dory, Old Maid, Southern Butter-fish, Striped Butterfish
- Scatophagus multifasciatus Richardson, J. 1846. Ichthyology. 53-74 pls 31-41, 43-44 & 53 (part) in Richardson, J. & Gray, J.E. (eds). The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror under the Command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross, R.N., F.R.S., during the years 1839–43. London : E.W. Janson Vol. 2 139 pp. [for date of publication Hureau, J.C. & Monod, Th. (eds) 1973. Checklist of the Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean. CLOFNAM 1. Paris : UNESCO 331 pp. ] .
Type data:Holotype BMNH 2006.5.19.2 skin, King George Sound, WA (outside known distribution of species).
- Scatophagus altermans Castelnau, F.L. de 1878. Notes on the fishes of the Norman River. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 3(1): 41-51 .
Type data:Syntype(s) MNHP A.4284 skin (proposed conditionally with vague reference to characters, possibly not an available name), Norman River, QLD.
- Scatophagus semistrigatus De Vis, C.W. 1882. Queensland Philosophical Society. Brisbane Courier 1882(3 June): 5 .
Type data:Syntype(s) QM I.1281-1287 (possible syntypes; placement here based on information provided by J. Johnson of the QM), Brisbane, QLD.
- Scatophagus aetatevarians De Vis, C.W. 1884. New fishes in the Queensland Museum. No. 2. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 9(3): 453-462  [as Scatophagus aetate-varians].
Syntype(s) QM I.96, QLD; QM I.209, QLD.
Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy
- Parenti, P. 2004. Family Scatophagidae Bleeker 1876. California Academy of Sciences Annotated Checklists of Fishes No. 36: 1–5.  (Scatophagus aetatevarians and S. semistrigatus added here based on information provided by J. Johnson in litt.)
- Selenotoca multifasciata (Richardson, 1846). —
Myers, G.S. 1936. On the Indo-Australian fishes of the genus Scatophagus, with a description of a new genus Selenotoca. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 49: 83-86  (changed combination as type of genus Selenotoca)
The synonymy presented here differs from that of Parenti (2004). Discovery of species described in the Courier Mail newspaper, Brisbane by De Vis resulted in a need to reevaluate the previous synonymy. Jeff Johnson of the Queensland Museum provided information about the species listed by De Vis, and is responsible for the synonymy of those names.
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Shark Bay, WA (24°53'S) to Sydney, NSW (33°53'S); tropical, west Pacific (Sulawesi, New Guinea and New Caledonia).
NSW, NT, Qld, WA: Arnhem Coast (ARC), Central Arnhem (CA), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Dampierland (DL), Gulf Coastal (GUC), Gulf Plains (GUP), Northern Kimberley (NK), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Wet Tropics (WT)
Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)
Torres Strait Islands terrestrial, marine & freshwater
- Hitchcock, G., Finn, M.A., Burrows, D.W., & Johnson, J.W. 2012. Fishes from fresh and brackish waters of islands in Torres Strait, far north Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 56(1): 14-24 
- Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 
- Larson, H.K. & Williams, R.S. 1997. Darwin Harbour fishes: a survey and annotated checklist. pp. 339-380 in Hanley, H.R., Caswell, G., Megirian, D. & Larson, H.K. (eds). The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biology Workshop. Darwin : Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory 466 pp. 
- Morgan, D.L., Allen, M.G., Bedford, P. & Horstman, M. 2004. Fish fauna of the Fitzroy River in the Kimberley region of Western Australia – including the Bunuba, Gooniyandi, Ngarinyin, Nyikina and Walmajarii Aboriginal names. Records of the Western Australian Museum 22: 147-161 
Estuary, freshwater, inshore, mangrove.
Extra Ecological Information
Predominently marine and estuarine, but often found in freshwater in lower reaches of rivers
Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 
Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. 
Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.  (609)
Kottelat, M. 2001. Scatophagidae. pp. 3623-3626 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 
Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 
Kuiter, R.H. & Debelius, H. 2001. Surgeonfishes, Rabbitfishes and Their Relatives. A comprehensive guide to Acanthuroidei. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 208 pp. 
Lake, J.S. 1978. Australian Freshwater Fishes. Melbourne : Thomas Nelson 160 pp. 140 figs. 
McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 145–329  (as Scatophagus multifasciatus and S. aetatevarians and p. 242 as S. semistrigatus)
Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management. Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp. figs 280 col. figs. 
Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127  (1301)
Common Name References
Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.  (Australian Marketing Name) (Butterfish, John Dory)
Kottelat, M. 2001. Scatophagidae. pp. 3623-3626 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.  (FAO) (Barred Scat)
Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.  (Banded Scat)
Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.  (Southern Butter-fish)
Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management. Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp. figs 280 col. figs.  (Striped Scat, Striped Butterfish)
Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. (Striped Scat)
Yearsley, G.K. (ed.) 1995. Marketing Names for Fish and Seafood in Australia. Canberra : Department of Primary Industries and Energy 170 pp.  (Johnny Dory, Old Maid)
History of changes
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