This suborder is presented here with the traditional classification of 10 families, following largely the works of Nelson (1994, 2006). Pietsch & Zabetian (1990) presented a phylogeny suggesting a monophyletic group. Mooi & Johnson (1997) presented evidence that the Champsodontidae should be included with the scorpaeniform fishes and, in addition, they suggested that many of the families in the suborder are not closely related. Springer & Johnson (2004) removed the Pholidichthyidae to its own order. We retain the traditional classification pending more detailed studies.
Mooi, R.D. & Johnson, G.D. 1997. Dismantling the Trachinoidei: evidence of a scorpaenoid relationship for the Champsodontidae. Ichthyological Research 44(2): 143-176
Nelson, J.S. 1994. Fishes of the World. New York : John Wiley & Sons 600 pp.
Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 601 pp.
Pietsch, T.W. & Zabetian, C.P. 1990. Osteology and interrelationships of the sand lances (Teleostei: Ammodytidae). Copeia 1990(1): 78-100
Springer, V.G. & Johnson, D.G. 2004. Study of the dorsal gill-arch musculature of teleostome fishes, with special reference to the Actinopterygii. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 11: 1-260
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