Three-spine, Triplespines, Tripodfishes
Compiler and date details
8 November 2013 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, John R. Paxton & Matthew M. Lockett
The triplespines, family Triacanthidae, are usually found over the continental shelves of the Indo-west Pacific in depths to about 150 m. Currently, four genera and seven species are known worldwide, with all four genera and six species recognised from Australia.
Triacanthids are of small to medium size, reaching a maximum length of about 30 cm and are commonly taken by trawlers in the tropical regions. Tyler (1968) revised the family and Matsuura (2001) presented a key to genera. Santini & Tyler (2001) studied relationships within the family. Fossils are known from the Eocene of Europe. Nelson (2006) placed the family in the suborder Balistoidei. Relationships to other families has been reviewed by Santini et al. (2013), See family introduction for Tracanthodidae for various suggested relationships.
Matsuura, K. 2001. Triacanthodidae, Triacanthidae, Balistidae. pp. 3902-3928 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.
Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 601 pp.
Santini, F., Sorenson, L. & Alfaro, M.E. 2013. A new phylogeny of tetraodontiform fishes (Tetraodontiformes, Acanthomorpha) based on 22 loci. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 177–187
Santini, F. & Tyler, J.C. 2001. Phylogeny and biogeography of the extant species of triplespine fishes (Triacanthidae, Tetraodontiformes). Zoologica Scripta 31(4): 321-330
Tyler, J.C. 1968. A monograph on plectognath fishes of the superfamily Triacanthoidea. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 16: 1-364 figs 1-209
Common Name References
Matsuura, K. 2001. Triacanthodidae, Triacanthidae, Balistidae. pp. 3902-3928 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.  (Triplespines)
Pollard, J. (ed.) 1980. G.P. Whitley's Handbook of Australian Fishes. North Sydney : Jack Pollard Publishing Pty Ltd 629 pp.  (Three-spine, Tripodfishes)
History of changes
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