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CAVS: 1083

Species Thylacinus cynocephalus (Harris, 1808)

Thylacine

  • Didelphis cynocephala Harris, G.P. 1808. Description of two new species of Didelphis from Van Diemen's Land. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 1 9: 174-178 pl. 19 [publication date established from Raphael, S. 1970. The publication dates of the Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Series 1, 1791–1875. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London 2: 61–76 [63, 75]] [174].
    Type data:
     Holotype whereabouts unknown , TAS (as the 'neighbourhood of the highest mountainous parts of Van Diemen's Land').
  • Thylacinus harrisii Temminck, C.J. 1824. Sur le genre Sarigue - Didelphis (Linn.). pp. 21–54 pls 5–6 [and] Sur les mammifères du genre Dasyure, et sur deux genres voisins, les Thylacynes et les Phascogales. pp. 55–72 pls 7–8. In, Temminck, C.J. (ed.). Monographies de Mammalogie, ou description de quelques genres de mammifères, dont les espèces ont été observées dans les différens musées de l'Europe. Ouvrage accompagné de planches d'Ostéologie, pouvant servir de suite et de complément aux notices sur les animaux vivans, publiées par M. le Baron G. Cuvier, dans ses recherches sur les ossemens fossiles. Paris : G. Dufour et E. D'Ocagne Vol. 1. [publication date established from Husson, A.M. 1962. The bats of Suriname. Zool. Verh. 58: 1–282 pls 1–30 [276] and Anon. 1825. Monographies de Mammalogie, ou description de quelques genres de mammifères dont les espèces ont été observées dans les différens musées de l'Europe par C.J. Temminck. Livraisons 1–3 pp. 72 pl. viii. Zoological Journal. London 1: 574–576] [23-24, 63] [nom. nov. for Didelphis cynocephala Harris, 1808].
  • Dasyurus lucocephalus Grant, J. 1831. Notice of the Van Diemen's Land Tiger. Gleanings in Science 3: 175-177 [175].
    Type data:
     Holotype IM skin, skull (skull not found in IM, whereabouts unknown), TAS (as Van Diemen's Land).
  • Thylacinus striatus Warlow, W. 1833. Systematically arranged Catalogue of the Mammalia and birds belonging to the Museum of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 2: 97-100 [97] [nom. nov. for Didelphis cynocephala Harris, 1808, as Didelphis cynocephalus].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s).
  • Thylacinus communis Anon. 1859. Descriptive Catalogue of the Specimens of Natural History in spirit contained in the Museum of The Royal College of Surgeons of England. Vertebrata: Pisces, Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia. London : Royal College of Surgeons of England xxii 248 pp. [147] [nom. nov. for for Didelphis cynocephala Harris, 1808; name attributed in this work to Temminck but reference not found].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s).
  • Thylacinus breviceps Krefft, G. 1868. Description of a new species of thylacine (Thylacinus breviceps). Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4 2: 296-297 pl. 17 [296].
    Type data:
     
    Syntype(s) AM 774 ((Palmer Register) skull but skin not found in AM and whereabouts unknown), Ouse River, TAS (as Tasmania); AM specimen not known (said to be in AM by Krefft p. 296), Ouse River, TAS (as Tasmania).
    Type locality references:
    Krefft, G. 1871. The Mammals of Australia, illustrated by Miss Harriet Scott, and Mrs Helena Forde, for the Council of Education; with a short account of all the species hitherto described. Sydney : T. Richards, Government Printer 51 pp. 16 pls. [p. 6 of text] (Dog-headed Thylacine, or Tasmanian Tiger).

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Mahoney, J. & Ride, W.D.L. 1988. Thylacinidae. pp. 11-13 in Walton, D.W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia Volume 5. Mammalia. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service x 274 pp. [Date published 13/Apr/1988]

 

Generic Combinations

  • Thylacinus cynocephalus (Harris, 1808). —
    Temminck, C.J. 1824. Sur le genre Sarigue - Didelphis (Linn.). pp. 21–54 pls 5–6 [and] Sur les mammifères du genre Dasyure, et sur deux genres voisins, les Thylacynes et les Phascogales. pp. 55–72 pls 7–8. In, Temminck, C.J. (ed.). Monographies de Mammalogie, ou description de quelques genres de mammifères, dont les espèces ont été observées dans les différens musées de l'Europe. Ouvrage accompagné de planches d'Ostéologie, pouvant servir de suite et de complément aux notices sur les animaux vivans, publiées par M. le Baron G. Cuvier, dans ses recherches sur les ossemens fossiles. Paris : G. Dufour et E. D'Ocagne Vol. 1. [publication date established from Husson, A.M. 1962. The bats of Suriname. Zool. Verh. 58: 1–282 pls 1–30 [276] and Anon. 1825. Monographies de Mammalogie, ou description de quelques genres de mammifères dont les espèces ont été observées dans les différens musées de l'Europe par C.J. Temminck. Livraisons 1–3 pp. 72 pl. viii. Zoological Journal. London 1: 574–576]

 

Distribution

States

Tasmania


Extra Distribution Information

Possibly extinct.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IBRA

Tas: Ben Lomond (BEL), Flinders (FLI), King (KIN), Tasmanian Central Highlands (TCH), Tasmanian Northern Midlands (TNM), Tasmanian Northern Slopes (TNS), Tasmanian South East (TSE), Tasmanian Southern Ranges (TSR)

Ecological Descriptors

Carnivorous, littoral, nocturnal, open forest, open scrub, predator, terrestrial, tussock grassland, woodland.

Extra Ecological Information

Found throughout favouring coastal plains, scrub and savannah woodland, but probably not dense forest.

 

General References

Archer, M. 1982. A review of Miocene thylacinids (Thylacinidae, Marsupialia), the phylogenetic position of the Thylacinidae and the problem of a priorisms in character analysis. pp. 445-476 in Archer, M. (ed.). Carnivorous Marsupials. Sydney : Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales Vol. 2 i-iv, 407 pp.

Archer, M. 1984. Effects of humans on the Australian vertebrate fauna. pp. 151-161 in Archer, M. & Clayton, G. (eds). Vertebrate Zoogeography & Evolution in Australasia — Animals in Space & Time. Carlisle : Hesperian Press.

Archer, M. 1984. The Australian marsupial radiation. pp. 633-808 in Archer, M. & Clayton, G. (eds). Vertebrate Zoogeography & Evolution in Australasia — Animals in Space & Time. Carlisle : Hesperian Press.

Archer, M. 1984. The status of Australian dasyurids, thylacinids and myrmecobiids. pp. 1015-1021 in Archer, M. & Clayton, G. (eds). Vertebrate Zoogeography & Evolution in Australasia — Animals in Space & Time. Carlisle : Hesperian Press.

Beresford, Q. & Bailey, G. 1981. Search for the Tasmanian Tiger. Sandy Bay : Blubber Head Press vi 54 pp. 39 pls.

Dickman, C.R. 1996. Impact of exotic generalist predators on the native fauna of Australia. Wildlife Biology 2: 185-195

Dixon, J.M. 1991. The Thylacine - Tasmania's Tiger. Melbourne : Museum of Victoria.

Guiler, E. 1991. The Tasmanian Tiger in Pictures. Hobart : St David's Park Publishing.

Guiler, E.R. 1985. Thylacine: The Tragedy of the Tasmanian Tiger. Melbourne : Oxford University Press x 207 pp.

Guiler, E.R. & Godard, P. 1998. Tasmanian Tiger: A lesson to be Learned. Perth : Abrolhos Publishing.

Jones, M. 1997. Character displacement in Australian dasyurid carnivores: Size relationships and prey size patterns. Ecology 78: 2569-2587

Jones, M.E. & Stoddart, D.M. 1998. Reconstruction of the predatory behaviour of the extinct marsupial thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus). Journal of Zoology, London 246: 239-246

Keast, A. 1982. The thylacine (Thylacinidae, Marsupialia): how good a pursuit carnivore. pp. 675-683 in Archer, M. (ed.). Carnivorous Marsupials. Sydney : Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales Vol. 2 i-iv, 407 pp.

McOrist, S., Kitchener, A.C. & Obendorf, D.L. 1993. Skin lesions in two preserved thylacines, Thylacinus cynocephalus. Australian Mammalogy 16: 81-82

Mooney, N. 1984. Tasmanian Tiger sighting. Australian Natural History 21: 177-180

Owen, D. 2003. Thylacine: The Tragic Tale of the Tasmanian Tiger. Sydney : Allen &n Unwin.

Paddle, R. 2000. The Last Tasmanian Tiger: The History and Extermination of the Thylacine. Oakley, Victoria : Cambridge University Press.

Paddle, R.N. 1992. Last resting place of a thylacine. Nature (London) 360: 215

Paddle, R.N. 1993. Thylacines associated with the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales. The Australian Zoologist 29: 97-101

Robson, S.K. & Young, W.G. 1990. A comparison of tooth microwear between an extinct marsupial predator, the Tasmanian tiger Thylacinus cynocephalus (Thylacynidae) and an extant scavenger, the Tasmanian devil Sarcophilus harrisii (Dasyuridae: Marsupialia). Australian Journal of Zoology 37: 575-589

Rounsevell, D.E. & Mooney, N. 1995. Thylacine Thylacinus cynocephalus. pp. 164-165 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Rounsevell, D.E. & Smith, S.J. 1982. Recent alleged sightings of the thylacine Thylacinidae) in Tasmania. pp. 233-236 in Archer, M. (ed.). Carnivorous Marsupials. Sydney : Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales Vol. 1 i-vi, 396 pp.

Sarich, V., Lowenstein, J.M. & Richardson, B.J. 1982. Phylogenetic relationships of the thylacine Thylacinus cynocephalus (Marsupialia) as reflected in comparative serology. In, Archer, M. (ed.). Carnivorous Marsupials. Sydney : Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales Vol. 2 i-iv, 407 pp.

Smith, M. 1982. Review of the thylacine (Marsupialia, Thylacinidae). pp. 237-253 in Archer, M. (ed.). Carnivorous Marsupials. Sydney : Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales Vol. 1 i-vi, 396 pp.

Smith, S.J. 1981. The Tasmanian Tiger—1980. A report on an investigation of the current status of thylacine Thylacinus cynocephalus, funded by The World Wildlife Fund Australia. National Parks and Wildlife Service. Tasmanian Wildlife Division Technical Report 81/1: 1–133.

 

Common Name References

ABRS 2001. Census of Australian Vertebrates. Australian Biological Resources Study. (Thylacine)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
29-Oct-2010 29-Oct-2010 MOVED
29-Oct-2010 29-Oct-2010 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)