Species Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821)
- Delphinus truncatus Montagu, G. 1821. Description of a species of Delphinus (D. truncatus) which appears to be new. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh 3: 75-82, 337-350 .
Type data:Holotype BMNH 353–188.8.131.52 skull, Duncannon Pool, near Stoke Gabriel, River Dart, Devonshire, England.
- Tursiops maugeanus Iredale, T. & Troughton, E. le G. 1934. A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 6: i-xii 1-122  [nom. nov. for the unnamed southern form of Tursiops tursio Auctorum described by Scott, H.H. & Lord, C.E 1919. Studies of Tasmanian Cetacea. Pt 1. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1919: 1–17 ].
Type data:Holotype whereabouts unknown, Tamar River, TAS.
Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy
- Hershkovitz, P. 1966. Catalog of living whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 246: viii 1-259  (see also for synonyms based on non-Australian material)
- Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821).
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Circumglobal in tropical and temperate waters; rarely seen in pelagic environments or shallower waters (see Van Dyck & Strahan 2008: 839).
Timor Transition (1), Tasmania Province (10), Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Transition (3), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Northwest Province (4), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7), Southern Province (8), West Tasmania Transition (9)
Continental shelf, gregarious, oceanic, pelagic, predator.
Extra Ecological Information
Diet mainly fish or squid.
Anon. 1975. [Status of Tursiops spp.]. 923-926 in International Whaling Commission. Review of biology and fisheries for smaller cetaceans. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 32: 889-983
Corkeron, P.J. 1990. Aspects of the behavioural ecology of inshore dolphins, Tursiops truncatus and Sousa chinensis in Moreton Bay, Australia. pp. 285-294 in Leatherwood, S. & Reeves, R.R. (eds). The bottlenose dolphin. San Diego : Academic Press.
Corkeron, P.J., Bryden, M.M. & Hedstrom, K. 1990. Feeding by bottlenose dolphins in association with trawling operations in Moreton Bay, Australia. pp. 329-336 in Leatherwood, S. & Reeves, R.R. (eds). The bottlenose dolphin. San Diego : Academic Press.
Gales, R., Pemberton, D., Clarke, M. & Lu, C.C. 1992. Stomach contents of long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) and bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Tasmania. Marine Mammal Science 8(4): 405-413
Hale, P.T., Barreto, A.S. & Ross, G.J.B. 2000. Comparative morphology and distribution of the aduncus and truncatus forms of bottlenose dolphin Tursiops in the Indian and Western Pacific Ocans. Aquatic Mammals 26: 101-110
Long, M., Reid, R.J. & Kemper, C.M. 1997. Cadmium accumulation and toxicity in the bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus, the common dolphin Delphinus delphis and some dolphin prey species in South Australia. Australian Mammalogy 20: 25-34
Pirzi, R. & Anderson, G.R.V. 1997. Australia. Progress report on cetacean research, May 1995 to May 1996. In, Anon. (ed.). Forty-seventh Report of the International Whaling Commission. Cambridge : International Whaling Commission 1032 pp.
Preen, A.R., Marsh, H., Lawler, I.R., Prince, R.I.T. & Shepherd, R. 1997. Distribution and abundance of dugongs, turtles, dolphins and other megafauna in Shark Bay, Ningaloo Reef and Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia. Wildlife Research 24: 185-208
Ross, G.J.B. 1977. The taxonomy of Bottlenosed Dolphins Tursiops species in South African waters, with notes on their biology. Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History) Nat. Hist. 11(9): 135-194
Ross, G.J.B. & Cockcroft, V.G. 1990. Comments on Australian bottlenose dolphins and the taxonomic status of Tursiops aduncus (Ehrenberg, 1832). pp. 101-128 in Leatherwood, S. & Reeves, R.R. (eds). The bottlenose dolphin. San Diego : Academic Press.
Sayigh, L.S., Tyack, P.L., Wells, M.D. & Irvine, A.B. 1995. Sex differences in signature whistle production of free-ranging bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 36: 171-177
Common Name References
ABRS 2001. Census of Australian Vertebrates. Australian Biological Resources Study. (Bottlenose Dolphin)
History of changes
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