Species Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821)
- Delphinus truncatus Montagu, G. 1821. Description of a species of Delphinus (D. truncatus) which appears to be new. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh 3: 75-82, 337-350 .
Type data:Holotype BMNH 353–188.8.131.52 skull, Duncannon Pool, near Stoke Gabriel, River Dart, Devonshire, England.
- Tursiops maugeanus Iredale, T. & Troughton, E. le G. 1934. A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 6: i-xii 1-122  [nom. nov. for the unnamed southern form of Tursiops tursio Auctorum described by Scott, H.H. & Lord, C.E 1919. Studies of Tasmanian Cetacea. Pt 1. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1919: 1–17 ].
Type data:Holotype whereabouts unknown, Tamar River, TAS.
Compiled from secondary source:Hershkovitz, P. 1966. Catalog of living whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 246: viii 1-259; Scott, H.H. & Lord, C.E 1919. Studies of Tasmanian Cetacea. Pt 1. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1919: 1-17.
Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy
- Hershkovitz, P. 1966. Catalog of living whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 246: viii 1-259  (see also for synonyms based on non-Australian material)
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Circumglobal in tropical and temperate waters; rarely seen in pelagic environments or shallower waters (see Van Dyck & Strahan 2008: 839).
Timor Transition (1), Tasmania Province (10), Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Transition (3), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Northwest Province (4), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7), Southern Province (8), West Tasmania Transition (9)
Continental shelf, gregarious, oceanic, pelagic, predator.
Extra Ecological Information
Diet mainly fish or squid.
Aitken, P.F. 1971. Whales from the coast of South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 95: 95-103
Anon. 1975. [Status of Tursiops spp.]. 923-926 in International Whaling Commission. Review of biology and fisheries for smaller cetaceans. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 32: 889-983
Bannister, J.L., Kemper, C.M. & Warneke, R.M. 1996. The Action Plan for Australian Cetaceans. Canberra : Australian Nature Conservation Agency 242 pp.
Bryden, M.M. 1978. Whales and whaling in Queensland waters. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 89: v-xviii
Cheal, A.J. & Gales, N.J. 1991. Growth, sexual maturity and food intake of Australian Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, in captivity. Australian Journal of Zoology 40: 215-223
Corkeron, P.J. 1990. Aspects of the behavioural ecology of inshore dolphins, Tursiops truncatus and Sousa chinensis in Moreton Bay, Australia. pp. 285-294 in Leatherwood, S. & Reeves, R.R. (eds). The bottlenose dolphin. San Diego : Academic Press.
Corkeron, P.J., Bryden, M.M. & Hedstrom, K. 1990. Feeding by bottlenose dolphins in association with trawling operations in Moreton Bay, Australia. pp. 329-336 in Leatherwood, S. & Reeves, R.R. (eds). The bottlenose dolphin. San Diego : Academic Press.
Corkerton, P.J., Morris, R.J. & Bryden, M.M. 1987. Interactions between bottlenose dolphins and sharks in Moreton Bay, Queensland. Aquatic Mammals 13: 109-113
Gales, N. & Waples, K. 1993. The rehabiltation and release of bottlenose dolphins from Atlantis Marine Park, Western Australia. Aquatic Mammals 19: 1993
Gales, R., Pemberton, D., Clarke, M. & Lu, C.C. 1992. Stomach contents of long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) and bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Tasmania. Marine Mammal Science 8(4): 405-413
Gaskin, D.E. 1972. Whales, Dolphins and Seals, with Special Reference to the New Zealand Region. London : Heinemann 200 pp.
Green, A. & Corkerton, P.J. 1991. An attempt to establish a feeding station for bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus0 on Moreton Island, Queensland, Australia. Aquatic Mammals 17: 125-129
Guiler, E.R. 1978. Whale strandings in Tasmania since 1945 with notes on some seal reports. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 112: 189-213
Hale, P.T., Barreto, A.S. & Ross, G.J.B. 2000. Comparative morphology and distribution of the aduncus and truncatus forms of bottlenose dolphin Tursiops in the Indian and Western Pacific Ocans. Aquatic Mammals 26: 101-110
Janik, V.M. 1994. Signature whistle variation in a bottlenosed dolphin, Tursiops truncatus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 35: 243-248
Janik, V.M. 1996. Changed in surfacing patterns of bottlenose dolphins in response to boat traffic. Marine Mammal Science 12: 597-602
Kemper, C., Gibbs, P., Obendorf, D., Marvanek, S. & Lenghaus, C. 1994. A review of heavy metal and organochlorine levels in marine mammals in Australia. Science and the Total Environment 154: 129-139
Lear, R.J. & Bryden, M.M. 1980. A study of the Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus in eastern Australian waters. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service Occasional Papers 4. 25 pp.
Leatherwood, S. & Reeves, R.R. 1983. The Sierra Club Handbook of Whales and Dolphins. San Francisco : Sierra Club Books xviii 302 pp.
Long, M., Reid, R.J. & Kemper, C.M. 1997. Cadmium accumulation and toxicity in the bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus, the common dolphin Delphinus delphis and some dolphin prey species in South Australia. Australian Mammalogy 20: 25-34
Longman, H.A. 1926. New records of Cetacea, with a list of Queensland species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 8: 266-278
Orams, M.B., Hill, G.J.E. & Baglioni, A.J. 1996. 'Pushy' behaviour in a wild dolphin feeding program at Tangalooma, Australia. Marine Mammal Science 12: 107-117
Pirzi, R. & Anderson, G.R.V. 1997. Australia. Progress report on cetacean research, May 1995 to May 1996. In, Anon. (ed.). Forty-seventh Report of the International Whaling Commission. Cambridge : International Whaling Commission 1032 pp.
Preen, A.R., Marsh, H., Lawler, I.R., Prince, R.I.T. & Shepherd, R. 1997. Distribution and abundance of dugongs, turtles, dolphins and other megafauna in Shark Bay, Ningaloo Reef and Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia. Wildlife Research 24: 185-208
Ross, G.J.B. 1977. The taxonomy of Bottlenosed Dolphins Tursiops species in South African waters, with notes on their biology. Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History) Nat. Hist. 11(9): 135-194
Ross, G.J.B. & Cockcroft, V.G. 1990. Comments on Australian bottlenose dolphins and the taxonomic status of Tursiops aduncus (Ehrenberg, 1832). pp. 101-128 in Leatherwood, S. & Reeves, R.R. (eds). The bottlenose dolphin. San Diego : Academic Press.
Sayigh, L.S., Tyack, P.L., Wells, M.D. & Irvine, A.B. 1995. Sex differences in signature whistle production of free-ranging bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 36: 171-177
Schultz, K,W. & Corkeron, P.J. 1994. Interspecific differences in whistles produced by inshore dolphins in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Canadian Journal of Zoology 72: 1061-1068
Smolker, R.A., Richards, A.F., Connor, R.C. & Pepper, J.W. 1992. Sex diferences in patterns of association among Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins. Behaviour 123: 38-69
Urian, K.W., Duffield, D.A., Read, A.J., Wells, R.S. & Shell, E.D. 1996. Seasonality of reproduction in bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus. Journal of Mammalogy 77: 394-403
Warneke, R.M. 1983. Whale stranding — accident or design. Australian Natural History 21: 43-47
Watson, L. 1981. Sea Guide to Whales of the World. London : Hutchinson 302 pp.
Common Name References
ABRS 2001. Census of Australian Vertebrates. Australian Biological Resources Study. (Bottlenose Dolphin)