Weeds of National Significance
Department of the Environment and Heritage and the CRC for Australian Weed Management, 2003
ISBN 0 9587 0108 3
About the guide
Athel pine is a Weed of National Significance. It is regarded as one of the worst weeds in Australia because of its invasiveness, potential for spread, and economic and environmental impacts. Athel pine affects the pastoral industry by forming dense stands along inland rivers. It consumes water more quickly than native plants, thereby reducing the number and quality of watering holes. It concentrates salt, which is excreted by its leaves. This makes the ground beneath athel pines more salty and excludes native pasture grasses and other salt-sensitive plants. It can change river flow patterns and cause overland flooding and bank erosion.
It is harder and more expensive to muster cattle in athel pine infestations. Because they are drought tolerant and fire resistant, athel pines decrease the frequency of fires and alter vegetation structure. Infestations reduce the cultural and aesthetic value of affected land and may impact on tourism in the region.
There are several other Tamarix species, all commonly known as tamarisks, that are weeds in Australia.
This management guide was prepared in 2003. The state and territory contacts in this document may be out of date.
For advice on weed control in your state or territory see the primary contacts on the State and territory weed management arrangements page.
To be announced
|Extent in Australia||Potential distribution|
|WA, NT, QLD, NSW, VIC, SA||Could further expand in current locations|