Threatened species & ecological communities

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Sarcophilus harrisii, Tasmanian Devil
The threatened mahogany glider, Wet Tropics of Queensland
Polytelis swainsonii, Superb Parrot
Macrotis lagotis, Bilby


The Leadbeater’s possum Action Plan outlines measures we are currently taking as well as a plan to protect and recover the Leadbeater’s possum into the future.
The Minister has approved the inclusion of the Southern Highlands Shale Forest and Woodland of the Sydney Basin Bioregion in the critically endangered category, effective 28 August 2015.
The Threatened Species Scientific Committee is seeking comments on the assessment of Pterostylis psammophila. The public consultation period will be open until 5 October 2015.
The Minister has agreed to extend the timeframe for the Banksia dominated woodlands of the Swan Coastal Plain bioregion ecological community assessment.
Invitation to comment on listing assessments for Euastacus dharawalus (Fitzroy Falls spiny crayfish) and Galaxias rostratus (flathead galaxias) - The public consultation period will be open until 11 September 2015

Australia is home to between 600,000 and 700,000 species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world. About 84 per cent of plants, 83 per cent of mammals, and 45 per cent of birds are only found in Australia.

Changes to the landscape and native habitat as a result of human activity have put many of these unique species at risk. Over the last two hundred years many species of plants and animals have become extinct. For the other species of plants and animals whose survival is threatened, a range of management and conservation measures are in place.

Ecological communities are unique and naturally occurring groups of plants and animals. Their presence can be determined by factors such as soil type, position in the landscape, climate and water availability.

The Australian Government is working in partnership with state, territory and local governments, non-government organisations, tertiary institutions and community groups to ensure the protection of our native species.

Protecting threatened species and ecological communities

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is the Australian Government's principal piece of environment legislation.

The EPBC Act protects Australia's native species and ecological communities by providing for:


Any person may nominate a native species, ecological community or threatening process for listing under the EPBC Act. For more information on threatened species, ecological communities and key threatening processes, or making a nomination read more about:

See also