Threatened species & ecological communities

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Sarcophilus harrisii, Tasmanian Devil
The threatened mahogany glider, Wet Tropics of Queensland
Polytelis swainsonii, Superb Parrot
Macrotis lagotis, Bilby


The Minister has approved the inclusion of ecological communities, Cooks River/Castlereagh Ironbark Forest of the Sydney Basin Bioregion to the critically endangered category and Castlereagh Scribbly Gum and Agnes Banks Woodlands of the Sydney...
The public consultation period will be open until 22 April 2015.
Seriolella brama (blue warehou) listed as conservation dependent under the EPBC Act, effective 14 February 2015
Additional $743,000 funding for 11 new projects to protect plants and animals at risk of extinction.
The Department is seeking public comment on the Draft referral guidelines for the Tasmanian Giant Freshwater Lobster (Astacopsis gouldi). Comment period closes on 3 March 2015.

Australia is home to between 600,000 and 700,000 species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world. About 84 per cent of plants, 83 per cent of mammals, and 45 per cent of birds are only found in Australia.

Changes to the landscape and native habitat as a result of human activity have put many of these unique species at risk. Over the last two hundred years many species of plants and animals have become extinct. For the other species of plants and animals whose survival is threatened, a range of management and conservation measures are in place.

Ecological communities are unique and naturally occurring groups of plants and animals. Their presence can be determined by factors such as soil type, position in the landscape, climate and water availability.

The Australian Government is working in partnership with state, territory and local governments, non-government organisations, tertiary institutions and community groups to ensure the protection of our native species.

Protecting threatened species and ecological communities

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is the Australian Government's principal piece of environment legislation.

The EPBC Act protects Australia's native species and ecological communities by providing for:


Any person may nominate a native species, ecological community or threatening process for listing under the EPBC Act. For more information on threatened species, ecological communities and key threatening processes, or making a nomination read more about:

See also