Threatened species & ecological communities

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Sarcophilus harrisii, Tasmanian Devil
The threatened mahogany glider, Wet Tropics of Queensland
Polytelis swainsonii, Superb Parrot
Macrotis lagotis, Bilby


Corunastylis insignis (Wyong midge orchid 1), Corunastylis sp. Charmhaven (NSW 896673) (Wyong midge orchid 2) and Thelymitra adorata (Wyong sun orchid) listed as critically endangered under the EPBC Act effective 19 July 2014.
Draft National Recovery Plan for the Orange-bellied Parrot, Neophema chrysogaster open for public comment. The consultation period closes 7 November 2014.
In his role as Commissioner, Mr Gregory Andrews will bring a new national focus to the conservation efforts for Australia’s endangered native flora and fauna.
The Threatened Species Scientific Committee is seeking comments on: Natural Temperate Grassland of the South Eastern Highlands and New England Tablelands (listing review for NTG of the Southern Tablelands) ecological community assessment. Comment...
The Threatened Species Scientific Committee is seeking comments on the listing assessments of three ecological communities in the Sydney Basin Bioregion: Castlereagh Scribbly Gum and Agnes Banks Woodlands of the Sydney Basin Bioregion ...

Australia is home to between 600,000 and 700,000 species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world. About 84 per cent of plants, 83 per cent of mammals, and 45 per cent of birds are only found in Australia.

Changes to the landscape and native habitat as a result of human activity have put many of these unique species at risk. Over the last two hundred years many species of plants and animals have become extinct. For the other species of plants and animals whose survival is threatened, a range of management and conservation measures are in place.

Ecological communities are unique and naturally occurring groups of plants and animals. Their presence can be determined by factors such as soil type, position in the landscape, climate and water availability.

The Australian Government is working in partnership with state, territory and local governments, non-government organisations, tertiary institutions and community groups to ensure the protection of our native species.

Protecting threatened species and ecological communities

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is the Australian Government's principal piece of environment legislation.

The EPBC Act protects Australia's native species and ecological communities by providing for:


Any person may nominate a native species, ecological community or threatening process for listing under the EPBC Act. For more information on threatened species, ecological communities and key threatening processes, or making a nomination read more about:

See also