Threatened species & ecological communities

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Sarcophilus harrisii, Tasmanian Devil
The threatened mahogany glider, Wet Tropics of Queensland
Polytelis swainsonii, Superb Parrot
Macrotis lagotis, Bilby


The Grey Nurse Shark Recovery Plan was developed in accordance with the guidelines for the compilation of recovery plans under the EPBC Act. This Plan sets out recovery objectives and actions to achieve those objectives
The Threatened Species Scientific Committee is seeking comments on the listing assessment of Natural Damp Grasslands of the South East Coastal Plain Bioregion. The consultation period closes on 19 September 2014.
A landholders fact sheet is now available for the recently listed Kangaroo Island Narrow-leaved Mallee (Eucalyptus cneorifolia) Woodland, a critically endangered ecological community.
The Department of the Environment has released more than 1700 new maps and data that local communities can use to find threatened species in their area.
Corunastylis insignis (Wyong midge orchid 1), Corunastylis sp. Charmhaven (NSW 896673) (Wyong midge orchid 2) and Thelymitra adorata (Wyong sun orchid) listed as critically endangered under the EPBC Act effective 19 July 2014.

Australia is home to between 600,000 and 700,000 species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world. About 84 per cent of plants, 83 per cent of mammals, and 45 per cent of birds are only found in Australia.

Changes to the landscape and native habitat as a result of human activity have put many of these unique species at risk. Over the last two hundred years many species of plants and animals have become extinct. For the other species of plants and animals whose survival is threatened, a range of management and conservation measures are in place.

Ecological communities are unique and naturally occurring groups of plants and animals. Their presence can be determined by factors such as soil type, position in the landscape, climate and water availability.

The Australian Government is working in partnership with state, territory and local governments, non-government organisations, tertiary institutions and community groups to ensure the protection of our native species.

Protecting threatened species and ecological communities

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is the Australian Government's principal piece of environment legislation.

The EPBC Act protects Australia's native species and ecological communities by providing for:


Any person may nominate a native species, ecological community or threatening process for listing under the EPBC Act. For more information on threatened species, ecological communities and key threatening processes, or making a nomination read more about:

See also