Threatened species & ecological communities

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Sarcophilus harrisii, Tasmanian Devil
The threatened mahogany glider, Wet Tropics of Queensland
Polytelis swainsonii, Superb Parrot
Macrotis lagotis, Bilby


The Threatened Species Scientific Committee is seeking comments on the proposal to list this as a critically endangered ecological community. The public consultation period will be open until 30 June 2015.
The Minister has approved the inclusion of two ecological communities, Central Hunter Valley eucalypt forest and woodland to the critically endangered category and Posidonia australis seagrass meadows of the Manning-Hawkesbury ecoregion to the endangered category.
The Australian Government will host the Threatened Species Summit in Melbourne on 16 July 2015.
The Minister has agreed to transfer the Leadbeater's Possum from the endangered to the critically endangered category under the EPBC Act and approved the conservation advice.
The Minister has recently listed three species as threatened, transferred a species and approved conservation advices for two listed species.

Australia is home to between 600,000 and 700,000 species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world. About 84 per cent of plants, 83 per cent of mammals, and 45 per cent of birds are only found in Australia.

Changes to the landscape and native habitat as a result of human activity have put many of these unique species at risk. Over the last two hundred years many species of plants and animals have become extinct. For the other species of plants and animals whose survival is threatened, a range of management and conservation measures are in place.

Ecological communities are unique and naturally occurring groups of plants and animals. Their presence can be determined by factors such as soil type, position in the landscape, climate and water availability.

The Australian Government is working in partnership with state, territory and local governments, non-government organisations, tertiary institutions and community groups to ensure the protection of our native species.

Protecting threatened species and ecological communities

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is the Australian Government's principal piece of environment legislation.

The EPBC Act protects Australia's native species and ecological communities by providing for:


Any person may nominate a native species, ecological community or threatening process for listing under the EPBC Act. For more information on threatened species, ecological communities and key threatening processes, or making a nomination read more about:

See also